In the novel 1984, by George Orwell, he uses truth and reality as a theme throughout the novel to demonstrate the acts of betrayal and loyalty through the characters of Winston and Julia. Orwell expresses these themes through the Party, who controls and brainwashes the citizens of Oceania. The party is able to control its citizens through “Big Brother,” a fictional character who is the leader of Oceania. Big Brother is used to brainwash the citizens into whatever he says. Orwell uses truth and reality in this book to reflect on what has happened in the real world such as the Holocaust and slavery.
Orwell’s personal experiences fighting against Franco in the Spanish Civil War planted the seeds for his anti-Fascist/Totalitarian political view. Orwell fought against Franco’s regime under a non-stalin left wing militia called the Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification(1984). He originally planned to fight exclusively against Fascism, but pro-stalin forces branded his party as traitors (1984). This led to the state charging Orwell with treason which prompted him to flee the country along with his wife.This conviction also revealed to him his true enemy, not Fascism or Communism, but Totalitarianism(Newsinger). Many readers of the novel fail to realize this and simply understand it as a warning against Fascism.
Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity. Although the society illustrated in George Orwell’s novel seems implausible, Orwell aimed to reflect certain aspects of the time period in which he lived and warn readers of the impending future he foresaw. The rise of tyrannical governments during the 1940s, such as Hitler in Germany and Stalin in Russia, fueled Orwell’s paranoia and thus resulted in Big Brother, the representation of totalitarian government he predicted could arise. This, along with the seemingly constant warfare and the inherent loss of highly valued democratic ideals provoked Orwell’s allegory as a way to warn the general public. As a result of the communist and fascist dictatorships of Orwell’s time, 1984 sought to reflect the tactics of manipulation, fear, and stripping one’s individuality employed to control the population by illustrating the principal theme of totalitarianism.
Throughout his essay called, Why I Write, Orwell uses different strategies to get to his audience such as, persona, diction, cumulative sentences. With the use of these strategies, Orwell is able to give more meaning to his essay to help the reader understand, furthermore, his writing. The most successful strategy that Orwell uses throughout his whole essay is diction. By the use of diction, Orwell is able to persuade his readers more about why he writes. In his essay he first started off by saying, “From a very early age, perhaps the age of five and six, I knew that when I grew up I should be a writer.
George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a pessimistic and dystopian novel. Throughout the novel we are shown a sense of oppression and totalitarianism. In the beginning of the novel Winston, who has a strong sense of individuality rebels against Big brother, who is the dictating party. He writes in big words in his diary “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER.”(Orwell 2013: 36-37) At the end of the novel the party tortures and brainwashes Winston into accepting the ideals of the party. This shows what a horrific world Winston lives in.
In the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell, the idea of mechanisms of control plays a large part by which society functions. Seeing as how there is more than one way in which the methods of control restrict society in their ability to rebel. The reason being that so many methods of control are present is because I believe that certain ways in which the control is set out do not affect all people, hence the empowered party intends to introduce various ways such that all members of the current society are included. The reason being that it is believed that the novel is extremely dystopian is that it is a common belief that when Orwell wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four, his intent was to represent a future that he was afraid of. The idea of the world represented in the novel, is exactly the world that Orwell did not wish the future to be.
The human inclination to please others exists in this allegory through the storyteller. He only shoots the elephant with the motive to charm and delight his peers. Mankind’s tendency to dominate clearly portrays itself throughout Orwell’s work because a number of characters are yearning to monopolize. For example, the chronicler aches to prevail over the elephant so he can be accepted by those around him. This anecdote also allows readers to conclude that man cares about their self-image.
The world portrayed in Nineteen Eighty-Four is controlled by a power that lets the community live in fear of always doing something that won’t be approved, even the thoughts of a mind can be in crime. With even certain activities and thoughts can make you disappear. Our society of this day and age could not be ruled in this way or could even imagine to be control by Big Brother and the Party. Nineteen Eighty- Four is a story of a man's struggle against a totalitarian government that controls the ideas and thoughts of its citizens.
According to Everything's an Argument, pathos is defined as using emotional appeal to persuade an audience. An example of how Orwell used pathos to persuade the audience is used very strong words such as “oppressor”, “tyrant”, “savage”, and “crucified” which evoke emotions in the audience. He often referred to the British as oppressor instead of the ruler. Since Orwell used such heavily connotated words, the audience was able to understand how he felt much clearer and it showed he put a lot of thought into his story. The precision in his words helps convince the reader he really did evaluate his whole life after the incident where he shot the
The novel 1984 by George Orwell reveals the destruction of all aspects of the universe. Orwell envisioned how he believes life would be like if a country were taken over by a totalitarian figure. Nineteen eighty-four effectively portrays a totalitarian style government, in which elected representatives maintain the integrity of a nation with very little citizen participation in the decision-making process of the legislative body. Although the authors ideas are inherently and completely fictional, several concepts throughout his book have common links to today’s society which is somehow a realist perspective. Orwell integrates devices such as irony, satire, and motifs to illustrate the life unfulfilling life of Winston Smith.