Similar to many other authors that emerged during the Second-Wave Feminism Atwood chooses to denounce the lack of reproductive and sexual rights in Gilead, as a depiction of the absence of these in the United States during this epoch. Specifically, Atwood belonged to the cultural feminism current where women attempted to enhance and validate feminine principles and ideologies, instead of the values of a misogynistic society. This philosophy is reinforced in the protagonist of the novel as she
This resulted into the division of its advocates and the emergence of different feminist paradigms, which now induces stereotypical beliefs (Rocha). For some, feminism is needed because discrimination between the sexes is still present, but as aforementioned, modern feminism focuses more on the importance of women’s perspectives. Even though women are now esteemed and respected, their strength is still viewed poorly and G.D. Anderson has the perfect quote to address this issue. It says, “Feminism isn’t about making women stronger. Women are already strong.
Allison’s ability to gain sovereignty is ambitious and twenty-first century. Looking at her story through a 2018 lens, one would probably define her as a feminist. However, when observing her through a lens of Medieval England one would find her methods at the highest extreme. Although Allison’s aims are respectful, her actions are not motivated by feminism because of their departure from feminism in a traditional sense. Ultimately, unlike Philippa, Allison doesn’t want the equality of both genders, but instead wants women to be superior.
Pride and Prejudice also deviates from social conventions at that time because Austen writes Pride and Prejudice as a social satire and makes humor of the traditional roles of women. Compared to other novels with female characters at the time, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, Jane Austen’s female characters in Pride and Prejudice break the social norm for women and do not portray them as passive. Pride and Prejudice, published in 1813, is about five sisters whose mother is desperate to see them married off. The book deals with themes that include love, reputation, and class. However, Pride and Prejudice received much criticism for being a novel full of female characters that fit the social norms for women in the 19th century.
She lives in a fictional timeline where the issues of race, class, gender, etc have all been eliminated on earth. If these problems were to occur with more frequency then perhaps she would be considered a feminist. She certainly has the same liberal ideals of tolerance and equality a healthy feminist of today would have. If the mindset is the determining factor, then she is a feminist. She challenged sexism and the patriarchal attitudes on the rare occasions they took place.
The aim of my research is to highlight the controversy in Ibsen’s Hedda Gabler being a feminist character. Although Ibsen is a renowned Feminist playwright, yet Hedda Gabler is deprived of the true feminist traits and has a number of negative aspects in her. My purpose of this research is to highlight Hedda Gabler as a dominant character ruling over others having no mother-like traits and feelings which make her a man-like character. I am doing this research to justify that Hedda is in no respect appropriate to play a mother like role in the play Hedda Gabler. In my research, I will reveal the hidden ideologies of the female character Hedda Gabbler and also from text I will prove that she has no feminist and mother-like traits.
Introduction Chick-Lit novels have been criticized for their portrayal of anti-feminism in the recent past. Helen Fielding’s Bridget Jones, one of the most popular chick lit nov-els, does not seem to be a perfect example of a feminist novel, she does not even want to be linked to being a feminist. Her close friend Sharon, “Shazzer”, though, is a representation of a feminist. Feminists are often presented as very loud, angry and man-hating women in the media and literature and it will be discussed if and in which way Shazzer’s character fulfills this stereotype of a feminist cliché. First, the terms feminism and post-feminism are going to be defined.
Tired of being interpreted as subjects by both genders, women artists revolted during the feminist movement with art that reflected women’s lives and experiences. Their goal, as declared by Artist Suzanne Lacy, was ‘to influence cultural attitudes, and transform stereotypes.’ Initially, females were rarely seen as significant artists- their art being considered to be a hobby. The late 1960’s , however, saw an incursion of bold works: the feminist art movement confronted the subordinate roles of women and challenged the way women were viewed as artists and subjects in art. Hannah Wilke, a second generation feminist artist, began her career as a sculptor, using conventional as well as unorthodox materials, such as Cookie Dough, Laundry Lint and Bubble Gum. Later on, she started using photography, performance, sculpture and video to challenge the prevailing notions of sexism, and sexuality.
The main issues addressed by the activists of “new” feminism are violence against women, human trafficking, body image, self-mutilation and the so-called “pornofication” (vulgar sexualization) of the media (Krolokke 2006). The third wave criticizes earlier feminist waves for their attempts to provide universal solutions for complex issues and standardized definitions of womanhood, thus failing to include some groups, especially teenage, non-heterosexual and transgender women or marginalizing others (women of different ethnic backgrounds, women of color). It also reappropriates the artifacts of femininity, such as lipsticks, body hugging clothing and high heels, earlier rejected by the radical second-wave feminists as symbols of male oppression. This new position was expressed in the statement of one of the prominent third-wave activists, Pinkfloor: “It’s possible to have a push-up bra and a brain at the same time.”
They argue that although there are feminist ideas established throughout the book, it doesn’t fit under the feminist ideology or definition. Many say that feminism is the “political, social, and economic equality of the sexes” and that Morrison is not advocating for this in any way (Watkins). Critics fail to understand that although that is the modern day definition of feminism, it may not have been the definition of feminism back in the twentieth century setting of the novel. Women faced different forms of discrimination back during that time when compared to today. Therefore, we cannot use this one single, broad definition of feminism and use it to declare that Sula is not a feminist novel.