Araminta Ross had four older siblings also in slavery, however, she would soon have a total of eight siblings. In total, the Ross family had five girls and four boys. Araminta Ross had many jobs as a young child, in which she was whipped severely. In the year of 1822, Ross, her mother, and her siblings were sold away from her father, to another owner.
Scott Joplin was born November 24 1868. Scott Joplin was the second of the six children born to Giles Joplin and Florence Givins near Linden, Texas. Scott Joplin was an ex-slave from North Carolina and Givins from Kentucky, a Free born African American. The first post – slavery generation of the African Americans was represented clearly during the birth of Scott Joplin. When Joplin was seven years old, the family moved over to Texarkana where Giles was employed as a railroad employee and Florence took up cleaning and laundry washing as a source of additional income for the family.
Frederick Douglass, the most successful runaway slave that ever was. Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey was born directly into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland to his mother, Harriet Bailey and his father, who is said to be Anthony Aaron . His birth year is thought to be around 1818 however the exact date is unknown. He later chose to celebrate his birthday on February 14th.
In what ways did Booker T Washington’s influence shape the economic and social advancement of black southerners, 1880-1920 Booker Taliaferro was born the son of a slave on 5 April 1856 in Franklin County, Virginia. His mother was a cook to plantation owner James Burroughs, while the identity of his father was unknown. Booker worked in the plantations mill, a heavy burden for a small child, and a place where he was sometimes subjected to beatings for not carrying out his work properly. Following the end of the Civil War the family moved to Malden in West Virginia where his mother met and married an African-American freedman – Washington Ferguson.
His birth date is unknown but Frederick always celebrated it on February 14th. He worked with his mom until he was about ten years old. His mom had died when he was ten. He then was sent to Baltimore. To sum it up, Frederick Douglass had a hard complicated childhood.
George Washington Carver was born a slave on a plantation of Moses Carver near Diamond Grove, Missouri. He later became a botanist chemist whose interesting life led him to become one of America’s heroes to people of all colors. George Washington Carver spent his first thirty years of life, wandering through the streets of three different states working odd jobs to gain a basic education. He made it his mission to better the lives of poor Southern blacks. He made commercial uses for the regions agricultural products and natural resources.
Farrow was the niece of Frederick Douglass, an African-American social reformer and abolitionist who pastored a small, holiness church in Houston, Texas. Farrow had been born into slavery in Norfolk, Virginia. Charles Parham was holding meetings in Houston and invited Farrow to be the governess for his children while the Parham family went to Kansas for two months in the summer. She asked William Seymour to lead the church while she was gone. When she returned to Houston, she had received the Baptism of the Holy Spirit and was speaking in tongues.
The Atlanta Exposition Address by Booker T. Washington (1856-1915), written as a strategy in order to combat racial tensions in the South. Washington was born into slavery, where he worked on a Virginia plantation until emancipation in 1865. He then moved to Virginia with his mother, and taught himself how to read and write. After many years of saving he enrolled in the Hampton Institute (later called Hampton University) in 1875 and Wayland Seminary from 1878-1879. He would later become a teacher at Hampton, and after recommendation from Hampton’s president, he was selected to lead Tuskegee University.
While more than 10.7 million people were enslaved throughout American history, the story of just one plantation can paint the picture of what life was like for most slaves (Gates Jr.). The Kitchen House is a book about Lavinia, an orphan who grows up as an indentured servant to the Pykes. When she is about 12 years old, she travels to Williamsburg with Mrs. Pyke and Mrs. Pyke’s sister, Miss Sarah. After Lavinia marries and divorces Mr. Boran, a widower, she marries Marshall Pyke, the son of the captain. Together, they move back to Tall Oaks, the plantation owned by the Pykes.
At a young age, Douglass was designated to live in the home of the plantation owners. His mother, died when he was around 10. His father is thought to be one of the slave owners’ which he lived with. Frederick Douglass was ultimately sent to the Baltimore, to the home of Hugh Auld. Hugh Auld’s wife Sophia taught Douglass the alphabet when he was around 12, in disregard to the ban of teaching slaves.
Born into Slavery in 1850, Sarah E. Goode understood the cramped quarters many Americans living in poverty feel today. The average slave quarters in 1850 measured 20-by-20 feet and that 400-square feet was home to a minimum of four to six slaves. Most likely this is one of the reasons that Goode, whose father was a carpenter, set out to provide quality furniture for families with limited space. Her invention, a folding bed that transforms into a roll-top desk with compartments for writing supplies was approved by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on July 14, 1885, making her the first African-American woman to receive a U.S. Patent. Goode’s fold-up bed is similar to today’s fold-down beds, also known as the Murphy Bed.
Two years after his discharge, he attended Alcorn College, which is now called Alcorn State University, in Lorman, Mississippi. He majored in business administration. During his last year of college, Medgar married Myrlie Beasley and later had three children named Darrell, Reena, and James. After graduating from Alcorn in 1952, Medgar moved to Mound Bayou, MS, where T.R.M. Howard had hired him to sell insurance for his insurance company.
Wells was born a daughter to slaves in Mississippi. Six months after her birth their family was declared free through the Emancipation Proclamation. However they faced racial prejudices and discrimination. James Well, her father was a part of the Freedman’s Aid Society, which organized teachers from the North to teach in the schools in the South for African Americans free and their children. Along with starting up Shaw University, another school for freed blacks, this is where Wells received her early schooling but dropped out at the age of 16 when both of her parents and one of her siblings died due to yellow fever; this left Wells to take care of her other siblings.
Carter G Woodson is amongst many well known African Americans in History. Woodson was an African American writer and historian known as “ The Father of Black history month”. He dedicated himself to the field of African-American history, working to make sure that the subject was taught in schools and studied by scholars. He was the author of more than thirty books, his best known book was The Miseducation of the negro, published in 1933 and is still relevant today. He also founded the Association for the study of African American Life and History, the mission was to promote, research, and share information about Black life, history and culture to the global community.