The Questionnaire was designed for doctors and patients were similar except in the case of their disease characteristics and tend to use the program .The questionnaire included demographic and clinical characteristics of the participants and also has four main sections: 1. educational needs 2. The essential data elements (demographic and clinical) 3. Perspectives of Patient about the application and 4.
The classification of TBI divided into primary and secondary injuries. Primary injuries are the direct result that have already occurred to the head by the time the patient first present for medical attention whereas secondary injuries can be preventable and it arises as complications of primary injuries (Le and Gean, 2006). TBI also divided into location (intra- or extra-axial), mechanism (penetrating/open or blunt/closed), and clinical severity (minor, mild, moderate, or severe) (Le and Gean, 2006). In Le and Gean study, the Glasgow Coma Scale (minor: GCS _ 15; mild: GCS _ 13; moderate: 9 _ GCS _ 12; severe: 3 _ GCS _ 8) is used to rule out the severity of head injury.
Various researchers have explored the nature of bereavement and grief and what these processes do to individuals in terms of how they cope with loss. It is important to understand how bereavement occurs in order to develop more effective intervention methods in a clinical setting that can help bereaved individuals cope better with their loss. Bereavement and Grief The terms “bereavement” and “grief” have often been used interchangeably.
It was used to treat depression, anxiety and stress/distress symptoms of the patients. One of the concerns of the study was also to investigate if the effect on depression is brought about by self-compassion. The experiment was done in two phases. In phase one, patients with mild/moderate psychology distress were used, where 8 patients each were randomly assigned to receiving MBCT or treatment as usual (TAU) and assessed both before and after the treatment. The effect of treatment on anxiety and depression was analyzed using analysis of variance.
By analyzing Mr Jensen’s post-operative assessment data, his hypovolemia is able to be staged. By staging Mr Jensen’s hypovolemia, an indication of the amount of fluid volume loss, his body’s compensatory mechanisms, priority problems and nursing interventions are able to be identified. Clinically, there are four stages of hypovolemia. Each stage is determined by the amount of fluid volume lost (Brown & Edwards, 2013). By looking at Mr Jensen’s post-operative vital assessment data, his hypovolemia is able to be classified as a stage two.
There are different models to mental health offering a different explanations, approaches and interventions. The Diseased/Medical/Biological model has the belief that mental abnormalities are caused by biochemical, physiological or genetic causes, and therefore, treatment is through medical procedures such as drug therapy, ECT or brain surgery. Genetics studiessuggest that mental health problems are inherited from parents and there is evidence to support this. Neuroimaging states that structural changes in the brain can cause mental illness.
Saehan hydraulic hand grip dynamometer was used for assessing patient and control groups hand grip strength. Beck Depression Inventory was used for evaluating patient and control groups’ mental status. For patients’ functional assessment were used Fibromyalgia Impact Scale. Short form 36 (SF-36) were investigated for quality of life of patients and the control group. It has a high reliability and validity for FMS patients.
The concept of disasters in providing mental health assistance when there has been a traumatic and devastating event. One of the concepts according to (Everly & Mitchell, 2008) would be psychological reactions to disaster may cause serious psychological impairment. In an over all study according to Norris et al . (2002) There was a study of severity of impairment of 60,000 disaster victims between 1981 and 2001.
This study focused on nine categories ranging from history/background on the use of restraints, effects on mobility, alternatives, and emotional effects, just to name a few. This study shows in certain situations why restraints were chosen and the positive and negative impacts of using restraints. The purpose of this evidence based practice is to evaluate the use of restraints in geriatric patients and the effect they have on their quality of life. Restraints can prevent patients from causing self-harm; however, we are decreasing their level of function which can affect their quality of life when restrained for a long period of
The National Alliance on Mental Illness presents an overview of Bipolar Disorder, to support bipolar disorder patients and their families with information about symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. The overview demonstrates that the symptoms are individual characteristics rather than general. Statistics of prevalence and its severity are helpful facts to help the audience recognize the importance to learn about the condition. The Mayo Clinic offers patient help and health information about diseases and conditions.
Traumatic memories have been a subject of debate for the last century. The American Psychiatric Association defines trauma as “an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others.” The term “trauma theory” first appears in Cathy Caruth's Unclaimed Experience: Trauma , Narrative and History she explains that, “trauma is not locatable in the simple violent or original event in an individual's past, but rather in the way its very unassimilated nature — the way it was precisely not known in the first instance — returns to haunt the survivor later on (4)”. Bessel A. Van Der Kolk has observed that traumatic memories may be encoded differently than memories for ordinary
CMN 553 Unit 3 Journal The consequences of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) cuts across the age barrier of several mental illness, as it affects both the young and the old. Likewise, the understanding of the triggers, risk factors, symptoms, diagnostic features, and pharmacotherapeutic and psychotherapy options are some of the learning objectives for this unit’s clinical experience. Also, the ability to carefully weigh on some of the differential diagnosis prior to the inference of this disorder is paramount as the psychiatric nurse practitioner (PNP) student critically considers in other not to misdiagnosis the patient (Sadock, Sadock, & Ruiz, 2014).
The human brain a powerful tool. It allows us to learn, see, remember, hear, perceive, and understand language. Sometimes, the human brain also fails us. Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one's ability to cope, or when you experience a life-threatening event to yourself or someone close to you, accompanied by intense fear, horror or helplessness (according to Webster dictionary). Psychological Trauma interferes the area in the brain such as amygdala (involved in emotion management), and the hippocampus (involved in memory and memory consolidation).
The aim of this essay is to explore the impact of ageism within healthcare, on patients, safety, quality and healthcare teams. Strategies, principles and theories to help combat the negative outcomes caused by ageist behaviour will also be discussed. Butler defines ageism as prejudices and stereotypes that are applied to older people based on their age (2012) Ageism, like racism and sexism, is a way of pigeonholing people and not allowing them to be individuals with unique ways of living their lives (Hunter, 2012). Ageism within healthcare can lead to social withdrawal, Isolation, depression and decline in quality of lifestyle and health (Perry, 2012).