Microorganisms Good, Bad or Both Anthony van Leeuwenhoek was one of the first people who observe microorganisms; using microscopes of his own design. Microorganisms are both good and bad to humans. They cannot be seen by the naked eye. Some microorganisms break down dead plants to give off important materials (Decomposers); some are made as medicine to cure. In this article, it will be written about how diseases spread, how we make them as medicine, types of them and how some help us.
He also sprayed carbolic acid over the patient to prevent infection during surgery . However, German surgeons upgraded their methods to a new level of safety measures. They sterilized the hands and clothes of the medical staff before the operation. Likewise, They used super heated steam to sterilize surgical instruments. Antiseptics and anesthetics along with rubber gloves, first used by surgeons in 1890, made and allowed safer and more complicated operations .
This situation occurs to produce new types of organisms, usually by inserting or deleting genes. Genetic engineering mostly use for purpose of research for manufacturing animals products, correcting genes defects and make improvements to plants and animals that bred by man. As far as it goes, they are still debate this issue whether this action is ethical or unethical. In My Sister’s Keeper movie, Kate Fitzgerald who is a daughter of Sara Fitzgerald and Brian Fitzgerald had been diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia, which is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow when she is two
Tuberculosis infection can now be confirmed using a new urine test developed by a group of researchers. The new urine test uses a type of dye on tiny molecular cages that contain a sugar type that coats tuberculosis bacteria. The researchers reported that the test can be used to diagnose anyone at any stage of the disease. Tuberculosis is a respiratory disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease primarily infects the lungs but as it progress, the infection can spread to other parts of the body.
Vaccines against tetanus, anthrax, diphtheria, plague, cholera, tuberculosis, and more were developed through the 1930s. The 20th century was the active time when the advancements in different vaccines were made. Bacteria and viruses were grown in the labs, which led to further discoveries resulting in a polio vaccination. New technology facilitates us to combat diseases on the DNA level. This type of precision has helped us to tackle some allergies and addictions,
According to Karamanou et. Al (2012) “ Pasteur had both refuted the theory of spontaneous generation and demonstrated that microorganisms are everywhere even in the air; the revolutionary germ theory was a reality.” After Pasteur did countless experiments, in 1864, he proved the germs were the cause of diseases. Later in 1876, Robert Koch identified bacillus bacterium was the cause of anthrax. This was the convincing evidence that proves the validity of the germ theory. Besides that, Koch also identified the microorganisms that cause tuberculosis and cholera.
Scrofula is the tuberculosis of the neck. It was believed that the King or queen of England or France could cure the disease simply touching the patient. The bezoar stone The bezoar were wanted because they were believed to have the power of a universal antidote( a medical that counteract any position at all. In the 1500s Pare actually proved that the Bezoar stone isn’t effective treatment for poison in an experiment with a chef. In 1685 King charles of second was treated for poison being giver small amount of small amount of bizarre stone.
Effects of Linus Pauling As a result of Linus Pauling’s research and discovery of quantum mechanics, scientists have developed new cures and “small” sciences. Linus Pauling invented oxypolygelatin, this substance is known as a synthetic blood plasma to be used in emergency transfusions for bad injuries in combat times (Linus Pauling, 6). He also invented the oxygen detector, this device checked oxygen levels in submarines, airplanes, and several medical environments (Linus Pauling, 6). A theory theory that was produced by him was the idea of orthomolecular medicine, the way his theory worked is he thought that using large amounts of vitamins could treat anything that is going wrong with the body physically, like a cold or other physical illness (Linus Pauling, 11). His research also led to a better understanding of many of the complex protein structures (Daub, 3).
Liquid chromatography is first being discovered by a Russian botanist, Mikhail Tsvet. Tsvet had rose the idea of liquid chromatography when he tried to purify and separate the coloured plant pigments by using a liquid-adsorption column containing calcium carbonate in 1890s. He also applied his observations with filter paper extraction to the new techniques for analysis the components in the petroleum. The filter paper extraction is the precursor of paper chromatography. He also found that the polarities of the solvents were important when during the separation to ensure that the solutes which were non-polar and polar can be separated efficiently.
So knowing the structure and function of various types of prokaryotes helps scientists and doctors understand how the cell survives, or more usefully, how it can be killed. From a medical standpoint, characteristics of certain bacteria can help antibacterial medications be developed. This can selectively kill or inhibit growth without harm being done to humans. Also, these distinguishing characteristics from bacteria to bacteria are helpful to scientists in identifying its species. So medically, identification of bacterium on the species level can help in production of medicine (antibacterial medicine) in order to help fight bacteria-causing diseases and illnesses.