Fascism under Mussolini and Nazism under Hitler started to rise in Europe during the interwar periods. Both totalitarian governments brought great impact to their nations and international peace, which eventually led to the outbreak of WWII. The German economy suffered severe setbacks after the end of World War I, partly because of reparations payments required under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. The government printed money to make the payments and to repay the country's war debt; the resulting hyperinflation led to inflated prices for consumer goods, economic chaos, and food riots. When the government failed to make the reparations payments in January 1923, French troops occupied German industrial areas along the Ruhr.
The Treaty of Versailles had a large significance on Germany and its future, but 1919-1939 will be focused on - highlighting its negative effects on Germany’s military and population, the economic Depression, how it gave Hitler inspiration and his rise to power, and other topics, such as how history was forever changed. Millions of people lost their lives. It all traces back to one fateful moment. The close of the war - The Great War. The Big Three: Wilson, Lloyd George, and Clemenceau all signed the Treaty of Versailles at the Paris Peace Conference.
During the time period of 1923 to 1929, Gustav Stresemann had a very big influence over Weimar Republic. He was the chancellor of Weimar Republic for a year and then he took up other important jobs such as Germany’s Foreign Minister. Before Gustav Stresemann came into office Weimar Republic was in a very dire situation consisting of many complicating factors. The Weimar Republic faced many problems from the moment it was setup mainly due to being associated with the Treaty of Versailles. The Army blamed the government for signing the armistice that led to the Treaty of Versailles, they referred to the government as the ‘November Criminals’ and the famous stab in the back theory which suggested that Germany could have won the World War 1 if the government didn’t sign the armistice.
Because of this and the reparations to pay, the German money system had broken down. Relying on foreign loans from America (known as the 'Dawes Plan) to benefit and help Germany recover from its financial losses. In addition to this, the 1929 Wall Street Crash left German people in a poorer state, leaving 6 million people unemployed. Hitler used the sensitive turmoil of the people, recalling the memory of their devastation in his favor, going against the republic and democracy. This can be agreed on as the continual disappointment of the people from the republic, increased the population's desire of a better and stronger
They beat Austria, France and Russia, then carved up Poland, and later through the way of Prussian dynasty war to completed the unification of the German Empire. The influence of the dynasty war and the Prussian militarism has cast a shadow over the future of German Fascism. On the economic side, the outbreak of the world financial crisis promoted the development and expansion of the German fascists.
One of the greatest wars mankind has ever faced ended in 1919, and a peace treaty was negotiated between the allied nations and Germany. The treaty was called “The Treaty of Versailles” since it was negotiated in the palace of Versailles in France. Germany, however, did not get the memo and was purposely left out of this negotiation. Leaving Germany out of the negotiation resulted in an unfair treatment of Germany through the terms of the negotiation. The treaty of Versailles unfairly punished Germany by damaging it’s economy and it’s military, which will directly lead to World War II (WWII).
This film was made at a point in history after Germany’s defeat in World War I and after the terms of the Treaty of Versailles was forced upon them, causing great humiliation to their once strong, proud nation. It was during a time of extreme inflation, unemployment, and complete economic collapse. The people had little hope and could not see their way out of their grim reality. With this background in mind, I will explain the argument the film advances, who it is trying to persuade, and what it is trying to persuade the audience to do. I will show evidence that the film uses techniques that are persuasive in getting the people to endorse and rally around the Nazi party in the 1930’s.
People in Germany were outraged. They did not believe that they should be treated inhumanely. They thought it was unfair to be responsible for the all stuff. The anger mood accumulated, many uprisings arose continuously. Adolf Hitler seized the opportunity to fix the demand of the public about emergence of a nation.
Caligari (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari) (1920)It wasn’t until the 1920s, though, that German horror — and German Expressionism — hit its creative stride. Robert Wiene’s The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) was a landmark film that has become the epitome of the Expressionist movement, with its dreamlike sequences and distorted set design with painted buildings and landscapes (including painted-on light and shadow) that resemble abstract art. Wiene’s lesser-known Genuine (1920) had sets designed by Expressionist painter César Klein, using the same artistic methods as Caligari, while Wiene’s The Hands of Orlac (1924) used highly stylized direction and dreamy sequences to tell the story of a pianist who’s driven insane when he receives hand transplants from an executed
In this essay I am going to compare the similarities and differences of the impacts of the two world wars on Germany. Politically, Germany had some similarities and differences on the treatments about WWI and WWII. Territorial change: After both of the world wars, Germany had to cede land to her neighbor countries. After WWI, Germany lost 13% of her territories as she return Alsace-Lorraine to France, ceded Northern Schleswig to Denmark, Hlucin Region of Upper Silesia to Czechoslovakia, West