The smallpox most definitely had one of the biggest impacts on the world. People often say that had it still been occurring it would have wiped out mankind and possibly all mammals, reptiles, amphibians and possibly most birds, and bugs. The cause of the civil war was because of an epidemic of smallpox. That was classified as the first recorded smallpox epidemic in the New World. This epidemic took place in 1518, it spread to Mexico and South
However, due to the fact that many Europeans and their ancestors had worked with animals and in dirty places, many had already built up strong immunities to new diseases. This resulted in insignificant deaths of Europeans. Therefore, one of the major reasons for the victory of the Europeans over Americans was the biological weapon of diseases. Native Americans were easily conquered by Europeans because of the advantage in development Europe had. The advanced technologies developed in Europe were no match to the old and weak tools of the Americans.
Among the many things spread and shared in the Columbian Exchange, the trading of diseases is perhaps the most significant. The natives of the Americas had never experienced the serious diseases that European explorers carried over to the New World. From smallpox to influenza and malaria to cholera, Native American populations were drastically decreased due to their poor immunity. Between the numerous amounts of European diseases, though, measles was the most remarkable in that its effects were both widespread and enduring. Measles, also known as rubeola, is a respiratory infection caused by the measles virus.
The Columbian Exchange allowed the transformation of diseases between the two worlds. Diseases affected the Native Americans the most, demolishing nearly all of their population. The diseases spread rapidly throughout the New World, not only infecting the Native people. Moreover, affecting anyone who has exposed it, reaching many more places in the world including Mexico, Peru, and killing millions on the Carribean Islands.
The Black Death occurred naturally in history. Most Europeans lived in small settlements or villages. The populations was about one hundred in each village. These villages were spread out about twenty miles apart. These villages were small and were cramped into even smaller areas.
With them came smallpox, measles, chicken pox, influenza, and many other diseases. “Before the arrival of Columbus, Native American disease wasn’t dominant in the land. Due to the lack of exposure of disease in their younger years, Native Americans were vulnerable to the European diseases that would come with the Columbian Exchange. The diseases would soon destroy many societies of the ancient Aztec, Maya, and Inca. Through many estimates it is foreseen that alien diseases caused over 50% deaths of the Native American population.
Native people were weakened and frustrated; causing the power of the government to diminish and weaken, leading to a downfall of the economy too. They lacked food and water which worsened the living conditions and caused natives to catch many diseases like AIDS, malaria and others under the harsh rule. The political units were disrupted while many individuals and groups resisted the European domination. Leading to industrial nations controlling the global
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
The settlers brought with them deadly diseases which wiped out thousands of Indians. This caused the tradition of Mourning Wars to shift from sporadic ones, to instead become a constant battle to regain lost lives. This caused a large strain on Indian society, now relying on war to regain population and creating a more violent
The negative impacts due to diseases can be seen in Documents 4 and 6. In Doc 4, a report of the Conquest of Mexico, the author states the devastating effects of newly brought diseases in the Aztec kingdom. Because the Aztecs had not built up an immunity to Europeans diseases, when the diseases were brought over, the results were devastating, with many Aztecs dying and unable to provide food. Due to this report being an Aztec account of the Conquest of their land, the details may be slightly biased, and the negatives slightly exaggerated, in spite of the European conquistadors. The impact of disease ca also be seen in Doc 6, a report on the spread of disease into the New World.
Cortez’s army knew they were sent to Mexico with order to capture the territory, but if they went back empty handed they knew they would be severely punished, so they desperate to win the battle. Another big advantage Spaniard have is the weapon, they completely took Aztecs by surprise. Some of the firearms included muskets, crossbows, sword, halberd, and the most destructive canons. This naturally feared the Aztecs and gave the Spaniards the victory. Canons were very powerful and could kill dozens at the same time.
These conflicts made it easy for such European foreigners as the Spanish to conquer the local communities. The second vulnerability that Native Americans suffer is that they lacked sophisticated weapons and tools (Cleary, n.d). They were unable to wage war against the European adventurers who possessed better equipment. For instance, the Spaniards were able to conquer American lands because they had access to complex equipment that allowed them to travel by sea and wage war (Cleary, n.d).
To begin, the foundation of every government’s power has always been fear. Governments depend on public fear to secure societal position. Tracing back to thousands of years ago, governments relied primarily on conquests. The research author Robert Higgs argues, “Losers who were not slain in the conquest itself had to endure the consequent rape and pillage and in the long term to acquiesce in the continuing payment of tribute to the insistent rulers.” In other words, Higgs’s point emphasizes that the government violently conquested lands and hence attacked people living there in the old times.