Gettysburg Address Rhetorical Devices

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Another rhetorical device that is notably seen in the Gettysburg Address is the use of anaphora. For instance, in his final paragraph, in order to stress the point that it was the soldiers who fought at Gettysburg who will save this country and not the people standing before him there on that day, he repeats “we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground.” This repetition, combined with the dashes to indicate dramatic pauses, creates that effect. Lincoln also uses anaphora later in the speech, even though it was only two minutes, to emphasize what the listener, if he cannot fight, can actually do, “that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure
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