Pedro Kuzma Mr. Mangual IB Psychology 9 december 2015 Evaluate one theory of how emotion may affect one cognitive process Cognition can be defined as the set of mental abilities and processes we have that relate to our knowledge, attention, memory, reasoning and all of the processes that go on in our brain. It can be: conscious or unconscious, concrete or abstract and intuitive or conceptual. Cognition can also use the existing knowledge we have to generate new knowledge. The Cognitive level of analysis studies the processes of our mind and how our cognitive processes guide our behavior. Our emotions can have a huge impact on our cognition, and the Flashbulb Memory Theory by Brown and Kulik (1977) demonstrates that.
The training resulted in synapses growing stronger and behavior becoming engraved. The experiment created a pathway for communication between the two neurons. Significantly, he was one of the first to have a primitive memory model. Then, Kandel decided to experiment to discover how short-term memory converted into long-term memory. This time, he made connections with the slug’s neurons and then blocked a molecule to demonstrate a conversation could be disrupted.
Similar humans, corvids have large forebrain. Forebrain is used to assess the information from sensory organs. In addition forebrain’s function is problem-solving as well as other processes such as imitation and insight. Experiments I described earlier show us that corvids are known problem solvers. Even if you haven 't heard about those experiments before, you might have noticed them solving some problems they encounter in their native environment.
With the help of this study we can know how the memory related problems in humans can be solved. And the cases of flash memories are interesting because flash memories concern memory for the source of news about that event. Also memories for the emotional events depend on different brain mechanisms than memories for the non-emotional
Instructing our youth to learn cardinal directions will develop their strength of spatial orientation. This skill, developed through language, can even mold our reality into something that was previously not visible. In addition to revealing new concepts, the way we describe people and events can improve our memory. These descriptions also vary among languages, and our understanding of why speech varies can allow us to understand each other intimately. Languages that assign femininity or masculinity to inanimate objects has likely affected how our architecture was constructed.
The human brain has developed to endure motivated cognition and behaviors that are critical to survival of one’s group. A study was done to determine if parochial altruism influences the brain biologically via oxytocin. Oxytocin is a hormone and neurotransmitter that is produced in the hypothalamus and released into the bloodstream where it does many things including the regulation of the autonomic nervous system. Oxytocin is found to be released into the blood stream when associating with close kin and triggers numerous receptors that the brain links with empathy, generosity and increases the tendency towards trust and cooperation.
There are various types of neurotransmitters and they are located throughout your entire body. The diverse group of neurotransmitters contribute to many functions such as muscle activity, activity in the brain, and the nervous system. (p. 93) 2. Are people more or less likely to catch deception if they are aware that it may occur? People who are aware of the possibility that something may occur, are more likely to spot a trick compared to those who are not prepared.
After this discovery, the scientists wanted to see these neurons in humans. "Rizzolatti and neuroscientist Luciano Fadiga, MD, PhD, recorded motor-evoked potentials... Iacoboni and his colleagues found activity in some of the same areas of the frontal cortex and the parietal lobule in both situations. "(Winerman, 2005) Monkeys and humans have many things in common. This includes many of the neurons of the
Across the literature, the relationship between working memory and attention are interconnected and overlapping concepts that rely on one another to properly perform cognitive processes. In order to perceiving the environment one must selectively process this information, known as attention, and have the capacity to retain the relevant information, known as working memory. With a large body of research supporting the positive effects mindfulness can have on working memory, several researchers have set forth to understand the mediating role attention plays in this relationship. Chambers, Lo, and Allen, (2007) tested the affect of mindfulness practices on cognitive and affective functions. The primary aim of this study was to assess the impact
While the SNS directs the movements of the skeletal muscles, the ANS regulates involuntary processes such as the heart beating, breathing, blood pressure, and blood sugar level. When compared to other animals’ brains, the human brain is a more complex central nervous system. The reason for this is due to the proficiency of the human brain to continuously develop both in the structure and function of numerous cells in it as a responsive mechanism towards new incoming information, experiences, and even shock, which is also known as brain plasticity. (Sanders