He has to make smart and quick decisions to save his own life and that of his crew. After fighting in the Trojan War for ten years, he is on a long, hard journey for another ten years, hoping to return home to Ithaca to see his wife and son and return to his place on the throne. Odysseus is a hero because he uses intelligence to escape difficult situations, perseverance to continue his journey despite numerous setbacks,
An example of this is in Homer’s ‘The Odyssey” where Odysseus tries to persuade his crew to bypass Thrinacia, the island of the sun god Helios, but they were too stubborn and insisted on landing. Due to their ignorance, and refusal to listen to Odysseus they accidentally angered the god Helios and to appease Helios Zeus sent down a thunderbolt on their ship killing all of Odysseus’s crew except himself. This is proof of how this was not entirely his fault, and how his name and reputation of being a hero shouldn’t be
The story of Gilgamesh written by Sin-Leqi-Unninni was one of the first recorded epics in history. It tells the story of an arrogant king who displeased the gods and has to go through many trials and tribulations to redeem himself and become a wiser and more experienced king (Fogie). Epics brought many people together in union and gave young generation heroes to look up to in their own culture like Gilgamesh, The Iliad, and the Odyssey. The theme of Gilgamesh and many other epics are of heroism, camaraderie, and adventure. These themes allow
Through his journey back home, Odysseus makes poor decisions by falling into temptation, and thus people around him suffer from the consequences. Odysseus starts as a great hero, but we soon find out his heroism his character falls into the wrong of temptation when Odysseus and the crew when they visited the Cyclopes island. “As soon as rosy-fingered Dawn appeared, we explored the island,
From the beginning Oedipus was destined to fulfill a terrible prophecy, but through particular events that follow the steps of the Hero’s Journey, Oedipus becomes a powerful king of Thebes, only to be destroyed by the prophecy that should have ended his life as a child. The Hero’s Journey typically leads to self-confidence and power, however; the Hero’s Journey of Oedipus leads to his tragic demise. The Hero’s Journey lays out the steps of Oedipus’s future actions, which create suspense, fear, pity, and other emotions that captivates the audience. Similar to many famous stories, Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles in 430 B.C., follows the Hero’s Journey path, which is evident in Oedipus’s departure, initiation, and return. Oedipus completes
After Odysseus stabbed Polythemus in the eye, the cyclopes yelled, "'Nohbdy, Nohbdy's tricked me, Nohbdy's ruined me!' To this the rough shout they [other cyclopes] made a sage reply: 'Ah well, if nobody has played you foul there in your lonely, we are no use in pain given by great Zeus.'" (IX 444-447). Odysseus was clever not to give the cyclopes his real name because, he knew if he did the other cyclopes would recognize him and try to go after him. Instead he stated that his name was Nohbdy.
Even after he was able to free himself and his crew from the cyclops’ captivity, Odysseus exposes himself to Polyphemus and further jeopardizing his men, “ '"Cyclops, if any mortal man ever asks you who it was that inflicted upon your eye this shameful blinding, tell him that you were blinded by Odysseus, sacker of cities. Laertes is his father, and he makes his home on Ithaka" (9.500-505). Odysseus’ inability to control his hubris and be considerate about the lives of his crew validate the idea that he isn’t an admirable hero. His lack of selflessness and humility drives him to make flawed judgments. This deprives him of the title of an epic hero because his tendency to take unhealthy risks causes him to delay his trip back to his homeland of
In The Odyssey, Odysseus boasts of his skill often, a foolish decision that often got him into trouble. He angered the god of the sea, Poseidon, when he claimed that he won the Trojan War without any outside help. It was because of his pompous boasting that Poseidon cursed Odysseus so that he could not return home to Ithaka, as the sea would always place an obstacle in his way. When Odysseus and his men arrived at Polyphemus’ island, even though they saw a giant one-eyed man, a Cyclops, a sight which should dissuade exploration, Odysseus’ counsel was to proceed and investigate the island. This foolish decision lead him and his men to be trapped in a cave for days, fearing that they would be the Cyclops’ next meal.
Odysseus has many trials throughout his adventure. The Homeric usual hero is what he is set up as but unlike most of them he redefines himself. Homer’s creation of Odysseus as a dynamic character through the stories within stories and conflict explores the importance of the evolution of characters despite his apparent hero status within Greek culture Odysseus displays a strong hubris in the first parts of the Odyssey which would fit his reputation as the famous war hero he is. This turns to become a burden on him, he is determined and cares for his men yet his selfish and arrogant behavior cost him those men. Odysseus throughout the story implements his hubris and makes reckless moves which ultimately causes disaster in the long run.
When he stabbed Polyphemus, he brought Poseidon’s hatred on himself because he could have just left without stabbing the Cyclops in the eye. Polyphemus was Odysseus son, and Polyphemus prayed to Poseidon and he cursed Odysseus. Poseidon is Polyphemus’s father, so he was mad that he hurt his child, so he was very mad at Odysseus for doing that. Also, Odysseus could have made a deal with Calypso instead of staying with her for seven years. He could have left the island somehow, but he thought there was no way out.