Gilgamesh Archetype

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The hero archetype and the loyal retainer archetype are both prevalent in ancient epics such as the Ramayana and the Epic of Gilgamesh. In the Ramayana, the hero Rama embodies the hero archetype through his selflessness, bravery, and determination to uphold righteousness. He is accompanied by his loyal retainer, Hanuman, who serves him faithfully and aids him in his journey to rescue his wife from the demon king Ravana. Similarly, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, the hero Gilgamesh embodies the hero archetype through his strength and quest for immortality. He is accompanied by his loyal retainer and somewhat equal, Enkidu, who serves him faithfully and helps him overcome obstacles in his journey. In these two stories the loyal retainer is the sidekick to the main …show more content…

In the Ramayana, Hanuman is depicted as a faithful servant and ally to Rama, accompanying him on his journey and helping him in his quest to rescue his wife. As the poet Valmiki writes, "Hearing Rama's words, Hanuman, that valiant and wise monkey, took a tremendous leap, and in a moment he was gone" (p. 662). Similarly, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu is portrayed as a loyal friend and companion to the hero, providing him with strength and support. As the poet writes, "Enkidu, my friend, my brother, we must enter the house of Humbaba" (p. 68). Both Hanuman and Enkidu display the loyal retainer archetype through their unwavering loyalty and devotion to their respective masters. They are willing to risk their lives to assist their masters in their quests, and their loyalty is ultimately rewarded with honor and respect. In the Ramayana, Hanuman is hailed as a hero for his bravery and loyalty, and is even worshipped as a deity in Hindu mythology. Similarly, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu is mourned by Gilgamesh after his death, and his memory is honored as a symbol of loyalty and

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