Gingivitis Research Paper

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Gingivitis is simply the inflammation of the gums and is caused by the prolonged effects of plaque on the teeth. The main cause of gingivitis is inadequate oral hygiene that causes plaque to form. When starches and sugars in food combine with the normal bacteria in a person’s mouth, plaque is formed. The longer plaque stays on a person’s teeth will increase the chance of it hardening under the gums and creating tartar. Tartar becomes a place for bacteria to collect and is more problematic to remove. The longer tartar stays under the gums, the more it will irritate the gingival, or the gums at the bottom of the teeth. In result of, the gums will become swollen and may bleed. Tooth decay may also occur.
Keywords: gingivitis, gums, plaque, tartar,
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Periodontal disease destructs the tissues the form around the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligaments, and tooth sockets. A patient may notice bleeding, tender, and/or swollen gums, mouth sores, shiny appearance to the gums, or in some cases, hypertrophic gingivitis. If gingivitis isn’t taken care of in its early stages, it can result in an infection of the gums or jaw bones or in some cases, trench mouth. Trench mouth is a form of gingivitis that results when there are copious amounts of normal bacteria in the mouth. The gums become infected and form painful ulcers and gingivalgia. The words “trench mouth” comes from World War 1. Due to the lack of medical attention and supplies during this time period, many soldiers suffered from this condition. Gingivitis is also linked to many diseases and disorders, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and respiratory disease. To treat gingivitis or tooth decay, dentist or a dental hygienist will perform an oral cleaning to loosen and remove plaque and/or tartar from teeth and gums. After a professional teeth cleaning, bleeding and inflammation should subside within 1 to 2 weeks with proper oral care at home. In order for gum disease to not return, good oral hygiene must take place. That includes, brushing teeth and tongue at least twice a day and flossing once. Mouthwash also helps cancel the formation of plaque. Overall, if adequate oral hygiene and regular

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