Epistemology is most simply the search for the truth. More specifically, Epistemology is looking for knowledge, truth, beliefs and justification for those beliefs. This unit on epistemology is all about searching for truths and how we know them to be true. During this unit, we have talked about many great philosophers and what their theories are on truth and how we can know truth. My belief is that what is true and how we can know it is a synthesis of Descartes, Hume, and Carruthers.
This message of peace between opposing religions characterizes Whitman as a man who follows his own advice to not let religion cause conflict; although he may not agree with the teachings of religious officials, he still respects them and believes in some of the same ideals. Whitman goes on to directly address the common man, stating, “Be at peace bloody flukes of doubters and sullen mopers,/I take my place among you as much as among any;/The past is the push of you and me and all precisely the same,” (1268). The quote creates a correlation between the pasts of believers, and he connects himself to this identity. His suggestion that all spiritual people have similar reasons for finding God counters the desire to argue with conflicting religions. Section 43 establishes there is no reason to argue with members of other religions because there is so much common ground between all
There is two sides to everything, the good and the evil, the wise will say that it is best to have both. The similarities that both Greek god brothers, Apollo and Dionysus, have with both East of Eden brothers, Aron and Cal are identical in some aspects. An individual will choose to carry themselves with behaviors that are either Apollonian or Dionysian, a mixture of both helps compose a beneficial balance that will let an individual live a life at its full potential without causing damage to oneself or others. Nietzsche 's essays helped correlate Aro’s and Cal’s clashing personalities which created different environments within their lives and their relationship with their father. Friedrich Nietzsche contemplated various ideas about the Apollonian and Dionysian philosophies in the essay Apollonianism and Dionysianism, by contrasting and comparing them he was able to create concepts that can be tied down to how an individual chooses to live and the outcome they will create with the lifestyle they carry.
we neglect our own perfection. While there are additional duties that make us better moral persons, it is difficult to analyze them under C1 or C2 because of the uniqueness of these duties which focus on improving our capacity to act dutifully. Given that there are no duties to self derivable from C1 alone in the Doctrines of Virtues, when we turn to a discussion of duties to others we face even more complications. All the duties of love (and likewise benevolence) are loosely derived from C1. While we might consider other’ ends, we may not give practical assistance to others, such as neighbor who is in bad circumstance.
In actuality, however, this is impossible. Thirdly, societal pressure often draws people towards an acceptance of moral relativism. Modern society ridicules those who oppose relativism; instead of encouraging individuals hold firm to their beliefs, society called moral objectivists bigots, backward, and close-minded. Young adolescents, especially, are susceptible to societal pressures. With constant media influence, lack of proper guidance, and fear of ostracization, young people grow up knowing nothing but moral
Its purpose was to offer thought on how the Nicene Creed may be the essential instrument needed for the church so as to regain a sense in its own integrity and to recover a healthier reading of the scripture. A value of this is that it gives the perspective of a former Benedictine monk, making the text and opinions within more personal and direct. Another value of this source is that it links many modern views directly with the Nicene Creed. However, a limitation is that the viewpoints remain singular, making the source to be a compilation of the author’s thoughts. Another limitation is that the author takes a religious viewpoint, making the information rooted within the church instead of taking scientific or historical
The common theme amongst these features is a clear focus on the maintenance of authority, and a Christian focus on Old Testament kings in his translations. Alfred’s promotion of learning cannot be seen to have been an end in itself, but it was, like his military reforms, designed to maintain or increase his own authority, and also to increase his wealth. Alfred was not however alone in his focus on wisdom and wealth, with his use of Solomon as a model for his own kingship also being seen prominently in the reign of Charles the Bald . Alfred’s kingship can therefore be seen as a focus on the revival or learning and military reforms, the end goal ultimately being an increase in his own
One of the tenets that may empower religious identity is the steadfast belief that one’s own religion is the truth (Kinnvall, 2004; Stark, 2001; Wellman and Tokuno, 2004). Earlier research demonstrated that beliefs yield to evidence in situations where an alternate identity has been affirmed (G. L. Cohen, Aronson, and Steele, 2000). Moreover, given that religious belief systems (for instance the existence of God) can be neither proven nor disproven, the faith inherent in religious identification is able to thrive regardless, although a unitary perception of the truth has been conceptualized as fundamentalist in nature by some , it may be far more widespread as an individual’s loyalty to a particular set of religious beliefs rests on the premise that his or her religion is the correct one to follow (Altemeyer and Hunsberger, 2004; Herriot, 2007). This positive intergroup comparison is likely to foster perceived superiority (that is, in-group glorification; relative to other religious groups and thus reinforce the centrality of that group membership to the self-concept (Roccas, Klar, and Liviatan, 2006; Haslam et al., 2009). Although such feelings of superiority are likely to have adverse effects on religious
Importance of the Study This study aims to summarize the Ethics of Ambiguity of Simone De Beauvoir in a most comprehensible way the researcher can do for the readers not just to read it but also to contemplate on the concepts of the philosophy and on the point of view of the philosopher. This study is important because: • It helps the reader to understand why our existence in this world becomes ambiguous despite the strive of men to make things clear and to answer the questions men can formulate • It explains how our freedom become genuine: what prevents and enables us to exercise our freedom • It guides us on how our actions become ethically right Overall, the importance of this study are: it improves a person’s life by having an understanding
Making the interfaith connections and gaining mutual understanding helps develop religious pluralism. The ideals the Dalai Lama preaches to Patel would improve society as a whole. By sharing his experiences with Brother Wayne and the Dalai Lama Eboo Patel emphasizes the need for religious pluralism and invites us to embrace religious
Plato Plato makes many arguments in the Meno and the Phaedo. Some of his arguments are for the preexistence of a soul and that knowledge is gained as a result from recollection. Using the Cyclical argument, he says essentially that everything comes from their opposite state so the soul of a living must be a soul from someone who has died. The second argument is for Recollection and it claims that since we are able to see a lack of a given “thing”, then we must have a prior knowledge of what that “thing” should be. Closing with the Affinity Argument, it is reasoned that since there are two worlds; the changing world of our perception and the static world of the Forms; and the soul is more like that latter, than the soul must return to the world of Forms upon death.
The study of philosophy is a path seldom taken by many. Philosophical thinking requires much discipline in the mind of the student. It is through philosophy that the student is able to break free from the grasp of ignorance, and instead turn to the embrace of reason, thus leading to the discovery of many great philosophical truths. This essay will discuss two great philosophical works: Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”, and Voltaire’s “Story of a Good Brahmin”. In examining each story, this essay will bring forth the philosophical attitudes presented by that of Plato and Voltaire.
Both Meno and Socrates evidently seemed to have contrasting attitudes in regards to the concept of virtue, as seen in the opening section of the Meno dialogue. Meno initiates the dialogue with Socrates by questioning whether or not Socrates knows what virtue is, specifically the way it is acquired by humans (Meno, 70a). However, Socrates does not give him a concrete answer, but rather a history of Thessaly (a blessed area), comparing it to Athens (a non-blessed area), in regards to wisdom (70a-71a). In Athens, nobody knows what virtue is or how it is obtained, including Socrates himself, when he says “I share the poverty of my fellow citizens in this matter.”
in their Eyes were watching God, by Zora Neale Hurston, it's far difficult to see Janie or her interactions along with her community as feminist. whether or not Janie is living in Eatonville or the Everglades, her status as a black running class lady locates her on the very bottom of the social hierarchy. The guys objectify her, her lover beats her, her community misunderstands her, and she fails to withstand. however, if we examine the fragmented narration and Janie’s position as the major narrator, a special view emerges about woman employer. The narration switches between the first- and third-person angle, and those perspectives, each one by one and collectively, assist to assert Janie as a narrator with authority and organization.