Girl Dropout Case Study

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Table shows the schools Potential Drop-out rates among girls are higher than boys (from1961 to 2014). In the above table we found that the drop-out rate has gradually declined from 64.9 percent to 19.8 percent among the Primary school Level and in the Elementary school level the drop-out rate is almost half. Table indicates that drop-out rate among the boys and girls have been declined fast. Girls Drop-out rate both the primary and Elementary level has been decreased substantially. The percent who have girls should realize the importance and providing good education to their children. This necessitates studying the dropout phenomenon at micro level on who drops out and what factors contribute for dropout at Elementary level.

Ginger, 2006-
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They hailed from poor, illiterate wife learning families.
2. Poor achievement in reading and number abilities and failure were associated with them.
3. Potential drop-out girls from large families.
4. They were neurotics, had lower self-acceptance and achievement motivation.
5. They were more in rural schools than urban schools,
6. Drop-out disliked the school.
Sarkar (1980) finds that domestic work, accounts to 70% of the female potential drop-out, inadequate income for living accounts for two-third of the female drop-out and 80% of male drop-out and guardian’s lack of interest and low marriage age of girls as the causes of potential drop-out.
Shrivastava & Gupta (1980) found in the survey of the Drop-out children in the age group six to fourteen years in Ferozpur District.
1) Number of drop-out was high in rural areas than in urban areas,
2) Educational background of the parents was very poor due to drop-outs
3) Parents of Potential drop-out were economically backward,
4) The parents felt need of child to work in house, unsympathetic teachers, dull curriculum, lack of utility of education, lack of interest in education and texts-books, lack of separate schools for girls and narrow outlook of parents were main reason of potential
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The unaccepted absence has negative impact on peer relationship which could cause absence. According to Malcolm, Wilson,Davidson and Kirk(2003) teachers identified effects of absenteeism on children as academic under-achievement, difficulty in making friends which could lead to boredom, loss of confidence. Also, prolonged absence can have deleterious effects for child in later life. Students who are absent from school are at the greatest risk of dropping out of school
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