Have you ever wondered what shapes a person’s personality? In Kindred, by Octavia Butler, each complex character is dynamic or changes throughout the story. The root of these attitude changes comes from the environment in which they are placed. In the novel, slavery in the 19th century is the reason characters change such as Dana. By introducing Dana into the world of slavery, this, in turn, causes change in herself and those around her (i.e. Rufus). This is important to the novel because it enables readers to understand the reasons for each character’s actions. Even though, sometimes, they may be difficult to understand, we must not negate the fact that each character's attitude and personality is shaped by the given world in which they are
Disliking Books by Gerald Graff outlines his growth towards liking books. Graff has received his BA in English from the University of Chicago and his PhD in English and American literature from Stanford University and is currently working as a professor of English and Eduation in the University of Illinois. Graff begins his work with recounting how, as a child, he has an aversion to books regarding history and literature for he cannot find their application to his life. Moreover, students who cultivated these skills are looked down upon and being a Jew, this would put him in danger of being beaten. Observing another side of his argument, he references Lives on the Boundary, in which the author implies that the working class found knowledge as saving grace, however, Graff takes for granted his education as part of the middle class. Frustrated at his avoidance of books, Graff’s father attempts to force him to read many different types of books, though this ended in failure. Once he enters college, where boys of his background are expected to get serious, he knows not of what he is going to do and thus pursued a major in English. At this
Writers do their job because they want to express their ideas to make an impact on the readers. Sometimes they want to convince their audience through persuasion. They can do it using different rhetorical elements such as logos, ethos, and pathos. These are Greek words that mean logic, character, and emotion consecutively.
Puritan’s harsh beliefs represented the beginning of the Nineteenth Century in the newly colonized America. Their community ruled with an iron fist: unforgiving, pitiless, stern. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne expresses his disagreement with puritan priorities by revealing the hypocrisy widely practiced throughout their community. Hawthorne’s utilization of dim diction aids in the establishment of his scornful tone, while inclusion of symbols and intricate juxtaposition all serve to accentuate the Puritan’s duplicity. All these factors combine to develop a critical tone which rebukes puritan society. By negatively depicting the Puritans with his depressing diction, Hawthorne establishes a scornful tone that highlights the Puritan’s
In this Chapter from The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne introduces the setting of the book in Boston. He uses a gloomy and depressed tone in the beginning of the chapter. He is able to convey this tone using imagery while describing the citizens, the prison, and the cemetery. However, as he continues to discuss the rose-bush, he uses parallelism to shift the tone to be brighter and joyful.
Jane Austen author of the novel Pride and Prejudice provokes readers to ponder marriage. She incorporates two proposals that represent conflicting motives. She first uses Mr. Collins character to express the social expectation held by society to marry. His character reveals the impact society has on the decisions we make. While on the other hand, Mr. Darcy’s character emphasizes falling in love and establishing a true connection. Mr Collins uses the rule of three and ethos to emphasis his proposal because marriage is a social obligation. Whereas, Mr. Darcy uses diction and pathos because he truly loves Elizabeth.
In his expository text, “Blink”, Malcom Gladwell uses rhetorical questions to get the reader interested in the content of the book. This trend begins in the introduction where Gladwell introduces the idea that the subconscious mind has extraordinary abilities that people do not know about. After the Getty museum was asked to buy a Greek Kouro statue that was in almost perfect condition. The Getty performed an investigation to determine whether the Kouro was a forgery or not. When introducing this event, Gladwell asks the reader, “Was the statue consistent with other known kouroi?”(Gladwell 2), and “Where and When had the statue been found?” (Gladwell 4). While Gladwell obviously does not expect the reader to answer
David Brook's essay focuses in the main part about the discussions and conversations on race, which is aimed to lead the readers to contemplate the assumptions we take for granted such as the critical question of is diversity a cared for subject in the United States?”
In George Orwell’s “Shooting an Elephant”, the author begins with a definite statement about his views toward British Imperialism. Orwell uses pathos to appeal to the readers emotions about his situation and also uses logos when trying to decide on shooting the elephant. His powerful technique of illustrating the message, “Imperialism was an evil thing” and that it affects both the oppressor and the oppressed is effective with the use of description, classical appeals, extended metaphors, and rhetorical devices.
In a future totalitarian society, all books have been outlawed by the government, fearing an independent-thinking public. Fahrenheit 451 is a futuristic novel, telling the story of a time where books and independent thinking are outlawed. In a time so unenlightened, where those who want to better themselves by thinking, are outlawed and killed. Guy Montag is a senior firefighter who is much respected by his superiors and is in line for a promotion. He does not question what he does or why he does it until he meets Clarisse. As his doubts grow, he begins to steal some of the books he is meant to burn. Bradbury uses the Freytag’s pyramid to help establish the theme of the story. Freytag’s pyramid is a narrative structure that’s describes a story in five parts: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
In “Small Change: Revolution Not be Tweeted” by Malcolm Gladwell , Gladwell explains his own thoughts on why even in the age of technology social media will never be the strongest way to display activism. Throughout the article the author highlights what he feels makes activism work and what he feels may not work. He thoroughly explains his reasoning for his opinions by using rhetorical strategies. For example, he notes that for a cause to be effective the people pursuing it must have a strong tie or a strong connection to it. This can tie/connection can come from experiencing the problem first hand or having multiple friends or family already involved in the cause. Gladwell then goes on to explain that because social media is such a broad
The unknown not knowing where you are, how you got there or the purpose of being there. The Maze Runner written by James Dashner, is a fictional novel based in the future. Dashner uses many literary devices to help portray his imaginative story, and paint a picture in the reader’s head. The characters are described in great detail and the reader can quickly imagine their personalities and appearance. The theme used is very basic but, is fully expressed throughout the book. The Maze Runner is an adventurous novel that takes that takes the reader on a journey of teamwork and survival.
In this passage Gladwell is explaining to the reader how Bill Gates got every lucky and he didn’t have just himself to thank for his success. Explaining that he never would have been able to get over 10,000 worth of experience if a few things didn’t happen to him. Once again Gladwell uses a list to get his point across as he did before, I enjoy this writing tool because it gets the point across that there is so many reasons on how his talents mixed with a lot of luck got him to where he is today. Along with the list I also enjoy that without meaning to Gladwell comes off silently sassy with the way he writes or maybe the way I read it. For example when “Opportunity number one was that Gates got sent to Lakeside. How many high schools in the
Mark Twain, an 18th century humorist, was known for his critical and satirical writing. In one of his most famous essays, “ Fenimore Coopers Literary Offenses” Twain addresses Coopers inability to realistically develop a “situation” and his failure to effectively back up his stories in order for them to be more plausible. To dramatically convey his unimpressed and sarcastic attitude, he applies biting diction, metaphors and hypophora throughout this work .