Agiocentric Glioma Report

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INTRODUCTION Anatomy and Physiology of Angiocentic Glioma The most complex part of the body is the brain. It controls muscles movement, behavior, senses and all other functions of the body. The gray matter or cerebral cortex in the brain is the place where all the information is processed. Meanwhile, the cerebral lobe is the main source of intellectual activities. The nerve fibers in the two hemisphere of the cerebral lobe cross over and causing the right side of the cerebrum to control left side of the body and left side of the cerebrum to control right side of the body. Usually, a glioma is a primary brain tumor that originates from the supportive cells in the brain and it is called as glial cells. Glial cells are the most common cellular…show more content…
The treatments and expected outcomes also vary greatly depending upon tumor types and the location. The types of gliomas are formed from different of glias cells and one most rare subtype is astrocytoma or also called as Angiocentric Glioma. This type of tumor is the lesions that originate in blood vessels. Therefore, the classification and diagnosis of this tumor is very challenging. Hispathology The pathological characteristic or features of Angiocentric Glioma are quite similar to other types of brain tumors such as astrocytomas and ependymomas. Yet, their occurrences are rare in cases and this make accurate diagnosis difficult. In general, Angiocentric Glioma is demonstrating an angiocentric pattern and it composed of diffusely infiltrating, monomorphic, bipolar spindle cells which is arranged in around blood vessels in concentric sleeves and pseudorosettes. Plus, the immunohistochemical staining result for this tumor is typically positive mostly for glial fibrillary acidic protein. CASE STUDY PATIENT DEMOGRAPHIC’S…show more content…
The MRI scan of the brain began with non – contrast scanning of the brain. Since Angiocentric Glioma pathological features are similar with other types of brain tumors such as astrocytomas and ependymomas, this made the diagnosis using MRI become more challenging. The tensor tractography imaging was used in the diagnostic including the axial and sagittal T1 weighted, axial T2 weighted, axial diffusion-weighted and also axial diffusion. From the non – contrast scanning in T1 weighted image, scalp appear bright in the image. Meanwhile skull of the brain was in dark signal. The brain tissue, white matter signal appears whiter than the grey matter. The cerebrospinal fluid in the brain ventricles appears dark in the image. It also showed an ovoid heterogeneously hypointense in T1 weighted

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