Tourism is viewed as an environmentally friendly way to revitalize distressed rural communities and economies (Sekhar, 2003). Tourism has emerged as the largest global industry of the 20th century and is projected to grow even faster in the 21st century. Recently, academicians have paid attention to the changing patterns of tourism as an embodiment of broader societal changes and the shift towards post-modernism. It is said that leisure related activities have become increasingly commoditized, reflecting a global “culture of consumption” (Gupta, 2011). Tourism is one of the world’s most rapidly growing industries and it has emerged as a fast growing sector in terms of employment and income generation.
Introduction With an overall numbers surpassed 1.135 billion of international tourists arrivals in 2014 (UNWTO, 2015), tourism has become one of the key driver for socio-economic progress around the world. With the continuous growth and diversification, it is especially more evident in the developing countries. Sustainable Tourism has immense potential for positive change when decision of stakeholders is based on the economic, environmental, and social-cultural considerations. For instance, helping the local communities, protecting the habitats and natural resources, providing employment, improving living standards. Unfortunately, a lot unfavourable effects arises with the growth of tourism.
Isn’t it phenomenal, the first nine months of 2016 witnessed 956 million international tourists travelling to different parts of the world? Tourism is one of the largest and dynamically developing sectors of external economic activities. Its high growth and development rates, considerable volumes of foreign currency inflows, infrastructure development actively affect various sectors of the economy, which positively contributes to social and economic development of the country on a whole. According to world tourism organization (WTO), tourism is defined as the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes. According
Tourism is go for diversion, relaxation, religious, family or business purposes, normally for a constrained span. Tourism is usually connected with global travel, however might likewise allude to go to somewhere else inside of the same nation. The World Tourism Organization characterizes voyagers as individuals "setting out to and staying in spots outside their standard surroundings for not more than one successive year for relaxation, business and other purposes". Tourism has turn into a famous worldwide recreation movement. Tourism can be local or global, and worldwide tourism has both approaching and active ramifications on a nation's parity of installments.
These global environmental issues however can be somewhat avoided or corrected by practicing Eco-tourism. Eco- Tourism is geared towards the natural environment, its protection, preservation and the observation of wild life. If more investors should practise Eco-tourism than it wouldn’t be incorrect to say that in a few decades the idea of tourism sustainability may be achieved and that businesses will remain profitable and active for years to
IDENTIFY AND RESEARCH A TOURISM ATTRACTION Introduction Tourism has experienced continued growth and extensive diversification and competition on the last decades, becoming one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world and by consequence, one of the main income sources for many developing countries. “Every time we travel we are part of a global movement that has the power to drive inclusive development, to create jobs and to build the sustainable societies we want for our future,” says the actual UNWTO¹ Secretary General, Taleb Rifai. “This movement also contributes to build mutual understanding and to safeguard our shared natural and cultural heritage,” he completes. A sustainable and responsible approach to tourism means that neither the natural environment nor the socio-cultural organisation of the host communities would be compromised by the arrival of tourists. Sustainability and Responsibility imply that tourism resources and attractions should be utilised in such a way that their subsequent use by future generations is not compromised, according to UNWTO.
The interaction between tourists and poor communities can provide a number of intangible and practical benefits. These can range from increased awareness of cultural, environmental, and economic issues and values, on both sides, to mutual benefits from improved local investment in infrastructure. At the world conference held in Manila on tourism in 1980, importance of tourism and its effects were recognized in the declaration, which stated as; ‘’tourism is an essential activity both on the life of the nation since its direct and indirect effects on economical, social, cultural, and educational sectors of the society and their international relations’’. Economic benefits of tourism 1. Contribution to Gross Domestic Product; Tourism is being one of the world’s largest industries and contributes directly and indirectly (total contribution) to the global economy.
It is obvious that tourism bring lots of money and employment opportunities for local people. Spain, Greece, and Italy are good examples of countries grew wealthy by tourism. But I have recognized that the tourism brings negative effects at the same time. Tourism is not always beneficial because of these three reasons: environmental impact, destruction of local culture, and damage of cultural attractions. First of all, environmental impact is a major problem.
The tourism sector of the economy has become one of the most significant components of globalization. With the expansion of the fordist middle class in the 1950s, tourism has become a globalized phenomenon that has and is sweeping across all countries and continents (Fletcher, 2011). For continents like Africa, tourism has become one of the top foreign income generators in most of the continent’s countries. At the same time commodification of African culture has become an eminent problem in most African societies. Every aspect of culture, may it be tangible goods like clothes or intangible factors like tradition, is now transformed into a commodity (Pröschel, 2012).
David J. telfer & Richard accept that tourism impact destinations in developing countries, where the difference in cultural and economic characteristics between local people and, primarily, relatively wealthy western tourists is likely to be greatest (WTO 1981). At the same time in respect it would be considered unfortunate for tourism not to have some socio- cultural consequences on destinations; as a catalyst of development, tourism is usually promoted with the purpose of economic and social betterment. Moreover, tourism is seen by some as a means of achieving greater international harmony and understanding (WTO 1980) although, perhaps inevitably, it is the negative (and, frequently, emotive) socio-cultural impacts of tourism that attract