Obesity: Increasing Global Health Problem

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INTRODUCTION

Obesity is a increasing global health issue. On the one hand Obesity typically results from over-eating (especially an unhealthy diet) and lack of enough exercise. [1]As we know In our modern world with increasingly easy and high calorie food (example, fast food — or junk food), ready foods that are high in things like salt, sugars or lipid, combined with our increasingly sedentary lifestyles, increasing urbanization and changing modes of conveyance, it is no wonder that obesity has rapidly increased in the last few decades, around the world. It is known that the population of obese population has expanded rapidly in recent decades, more than make up for the health gains from the modest decline in hunger. In the United States,
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As we know Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal droth of cell or excessive fat gathering that may harm health , The obesity is measured by Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).
 For adults, the World Health Organization defines overweight and obesity as follows:
The increase weight is a body mass index greater than or equal to 25
Obesity is a BMI greater than or equal to 30.
BMI provides the most beneficial measure at the population level of overweight and obesity as is the case for men and women for all ages of adults. However, it should be considered as raw evidence because it may not correspond to the same degree of fat in different individuals.
 For children, age should be taken into consideration when determining excess weight and obesity. For children under
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A. Reduce the prevalence of risk factors that lead to obesity in Saudi society over the next 10 years by:
B. Raising the level of awareness of obesity, weight gain and the reasons and methods of prevention by 50% (5% annually).
C. (An average of 2% annually).
D. Increase the proportion of practitioners of physical activity by a minimum of 20% (2% annually).
Objective 2: Secondary prevention of obesity - early detection of cases and complications of the disease and prevention through good control.
 Purpose:
Early detection of obesity and risk factors associated with obesity.
 From end point:
Number of early detection programs for obesity and risk factors associated with obesity
Objective 3: Improve the quality of health services at their thirtieth levels for obese patients - Evidence-based standardized evidence based on evidence from caregivers in triple care levels, three levels of care.
 Goals:
• Improve the care of people with obesity in primary health care

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