Globalisation And Globalization Essay

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The end of World War II allowed the world to see what damage it had done after the smoke had cleared. Hundreds of cities were destroyed and millions of soldiers and civilians displaced, injured, or dead. However, the desolate landscapes and empty cities acted as a clean slate on which the great powers could create a more interconnected world. Thus, globalization would become the guiding principle on which international politics were based. However, this process has not given perfect results, and its failures to catch up to expectations are starting to catch up with it. So, given the recent trend away from globalization in recent years, one must ask: in what ways has globalization affected the world since World War II, and how might it be affected by nationalistic populism? Globalization first came about as a result of the Industrial Revolution. New advances in communication and transportation technologies such as the railroad, steamboat, and telegraph led made it easier to trade. This soon led to bilateral agreements which reduced international trade barriers. The first major one was the Cobden-Chevalier Treaty, signed in 1860 by France and the United Kingdom. Soon, all the major industrial powers would soon create similar agreements between themselves. However, this soon changed as World War I began. The war encouraged governments to stifle the economies of their enemies, leading to a surge in protectionist policies – high tariffs, blockades, embargos, etc. The Great
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