Globalization In Developing Countries

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Globalization has been changing the world for the past 70 years. It is described as “the process by which economic, political, cultural, social, and other systems of nations are integrating into world sub-systems” (Clark, Hodis, & D’Angelo, 2009). Globalization is ubiquitous and the shadow of globalization can be seen from many aspects such as culture, technology, education and medicine. A platform for the development of all countries is provided by globalization, an increasing number of countries are involved. However, with the acceleration of the globalization in recent years, especially in the developing countries, there are some problems have also been exposed from globalization, and it is believed that globalization has a bad impact on…show more content…
In addition to the development of the economy, developing countries also benefit from globalization by enhancing science and technology such as the agricultural and medical field. Firstly, globalization can bring advanced agricultural technologies to developing countries. Due to the rise of globalization and the implementation of free trade policy, the exchange of agricultural trade is also more frequent. Therefore, there are more opportunities to exchange agricultural technologies. Developing countries can obtain more advanced agricultural technologies from developed countries, advanced agricultural technologies have solved many practical problems in developing countries who have benefited greatly from it. For example, the World Bank reports that since the 1950s, developing countries in Asia and Latin America which have used hybrid corn and rice seeds and their production of major crops more than doubled (as cited in Mukherjee & Krieckhaus, 2011). The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) states that the increase in crop yields has played an important role in ending the famine in South Asia, reducing malnutrition from 40% to 23% between the 1970s and 1997 (as cited in Mukherjee & Krieckhaus, 2011). Secondly, the development of medical technology has also been accelerated by globalization. It makes the exchange of information more and more frequent, and people in developing countries can obtain some medical knowledge through the media. For instance, according to Victoria et al., the spread of knowledge about oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is a significant factor to improve health conditions since 1979. The number of ORT-treated children dying from diarrhea decreased from 4.6 million to 1.5 million between 1980 and 2000 (as cited in Mukherjee & Krieckhaus, 2011). Thus, globalization has had a positive impact on developing countries as it raises agriculture and healthcare

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