1. Arise and Development of Garden City This section investigates the garden city development in Singapore before 1935. 1.1 Reasons for Adopting Garden City Planning Ebenezer Howard was the first to initiate garden city movement, which is a method of urban planning that plans cities to be self-contained communities surrounded by greenbelts (Hall, 2002). Under the British colonial influence, the garden city ideology was spread to Singapore in the 18th and 19th century (Edwards, 1990). There were a few factors contributing to the adoption of garden city planning in Singapore.
Globalisation and its effects on culture are very evident in our world today. Globalisation is the process whereby the world becomes increasingly interconnected as a result of the exchange of cultures and trade among countries (bbc.co.uk). When these customs are shared with other countries, the traditional customs of the people in these countries may be affected. What then, is culture? Culture is a term which refers to “the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts” (livescience.com).
4.1. Cultural Globalization Cultural globalization refers to conveyance of meanings, values, symbols to create a standardized social relation in worldwide. It is existing in the experience of our everyday life and people influenced by the globalized commodes and ideas to our thoughts and expressions. Even being homogeneity which guide people to experience the same around the world. Somehow, the phenomenon of cultural globalization cause the increasing awareness for protecting the local culture of Hong Kong people.
Sociological imagination is a unique way to engage the world around us. To think sociologically is to realise that what we are experiencing as personal problems have social roots and are often shared by many others. Many of our personal problems are in fact social issues. In this essay, we will use Sociological Imagination as the tool to identify the inseparable relations between the personal and the social, with the focus surrounding myself and my homeland, Singapore. I will first briefly elaborate on the events listed on my timeline and subsequently focus on one which I felt had the most crucial influence to my current life experience as a student in NUS, for a more in-depth analysis.
“I am astonished to see how markedly our world is changing. A new world is being created, the old world destroyed. The very jungle becomes a settled district…” This impression of early colonial Singapore was written in the autobiography of Abdullah bin Kadir, who was regarded as a perceptive observer of the life in his day. The change from being “the very jungle” to “a settled district” best describes the development of Singapore in the early colonial time. After long being the “sleepy fishing villages” since the late seventeenth century, Singapore “woke up” and rapidly developed into one of Asia’s greatest port cities after the British arrived on the scene.
The style was most likely presented by those early Chinese workers (both China-conceived and Straits-conceived) who had information of the Portuguese structural planning of Macau, Malacca and Goa. The Chettiars and Tamils from Southern India would likewise have been acquainted with the European construction modeling there, in spite of the fact that it is hard to envision how these individuals would have had an especially solid impact on building in Chinatown. Impacts OF CHINATOWN The impacts of differences of Chinatown are still present. The Hokkiens (Fukiens) are connected with Havelock Road, Telok Ayer Street, China Street and Chulia Street, and the Teochew dealers are generally in Circular Road, River Valley Road, Boat Quay and South Bridge Road. The omnipresent Cantonese are scattered around South Bridge Road, Upper Cross Street, New Bridge Road and Bukit Pasoh Road.
Without any doubt, the colonial masters in the past apparently imposed their influence on the architectural development of the nation. In addition, Malaysia is a multiracial nation with a population mostly made up of Malays, Chinese, Indians and other smaller communities. Therefore, its architectural development is largely influenced by different cultures. The migration of Chinese and Indians in colonial times was influenced by the determination to seek economic status and political role. Culture, customs and traditions of these immigrants have an impact on local architecture of the developing nation.
K. JOINT VENTURE Rationale for Joint Venture Hongkong Land has involved in several joint venture developments and this gives them to have an extensive experience for a joint venture. One of the reasons why Hongkong land prefers to engage in a joint venture especially in foreign countries like Singapore and Malaysia is due to the benefits of having local expertise in the respective countries. Although Hongkong Land has quite a number of properties in Singapore, it is still a company originated from Hong Kong. Thus, we perceive that through a joint venture, Hongkong Land may gain extensive knowledge from a reputable local developer to further enhance the standard and reputation of its development projects. Other than the benefits from local
Part A: Question 2 1.0. Introduction Based on the agreement between Malaysia and Singapore on July 9, 1963, Singapore unionized with the Federation of Malaysia which is also consisting of Sabah and Sarawak. Malaysia’s first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman and Singapore’s former chief, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew were agreed on the Singapore’s autonomy, political representation in Malaysia , the citizenship of Singaporeans, and the income contribution of Singapore to Malaysia in London on July 9, 1963 (Turnbull, 2009). Throughout the union-ship, Singapore encountered various constraints for developing its nation and economy as Singapore does not acquired the pioneer position and common market from the federal government for its industries. Due to the difficult political environment in the federal government and Malaya leaders’ frustration toward Singapore leaders’ disparity on maximizing the revenue contribution in order to overcome the Indonesian Confrontation and financing Sabah and Sarawak for its development, the Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew were agreed for the separation of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia (Turnbull, 2009).