Globalization Labor Movement

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The Effect of Globalization on Labor Movement Introduction Today, globalization is a phenomenon which affects all aspects of our life. In a broad sense, globalization is the process or processes that increase the movement of people, culture, technology, ideologies and information across the world. Economists describe the term to refer to international integration in commodity, capital and labor markets. If we look at the integration in these markets as the benchmark, it is clear that globalization is not a new phenomenon. The aim of this paper is explaining the impact of globalization on specific area, international labor movement which is a type of the migration. The international migration movements have also surged along with the development…show more content…
Lack of legal protection for migrant workers heightens their attractiveness , because they can be used to work in situations where local workers can not be enforced. Irregular migrants are especially vulnerable because the threat of apprehension and deportation thwarts unionizing and exposure of dangerous working based on these norms and long experience. . Illegal migrations have contributed to the creation of a large black market of labor in many industrialized countries. Often it is socio-political pressures driven by protectionism, racism and colonialist ideologies that lead to tighter controls and stricter enforcement. Clearly, migration is affected by international as well as national politics; international factors interact with domestic structures and policies, influencing labor migration flows, and who gets to be invited or barred. In spite of this however, the question remains as to why no regime has developed a system to regulate migration that is comparable to the liberal regulations for trade, money, and finance. According to Hollifield, “[t]he answer maybe obvious: liberal states have had few incentives to cooperate in controlling migration, because states and employers were able to obtain foreign labor without international cooperation” (1992, p. 2). Moreover, the political-economic characteristics of labor, as a factor of…show more content…
Workers of the developing countries from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East is working for cheap, low-skilled labor in industrialized countries. Small and medium size companies and labor–intensive economic sectors do not have the opportunity for integrating global economy. Because of these factors in a number of countries there are many “3-D” jobs which mean dirty, degrading and dangerous. The need for these workers also increased the undocumented, illegal migrants. High Skilled Labor Consequently, borders have been open by rich and industrialized states for professional, technical and skilled immigrants, in contrast to a dwindling acceptance rate of semiskilled and unskilled workers. These trends have been noted in all countries of the North, such as Canada, Australia and Europe. In the United States, the greatest proportional contribution to the skill level of the immigrant intake is made by those in the independent, business and employer migration categories and business migration programs (Massey, Arango, Hugo, Kouaouci, Pellegrino and Taylor
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