In schools, inclusive classrooms will foster positive attitudes among the school members by educating all children together and leading to better social unity. Furthermore, inclusive classroom is the effective means of overcoming discriminatory attitudes and creating welcoming communities. Thus, the stakeholders and the students themselves play important roles in creating positive culture in the school so that every student can enjoy learning in harmony. One of the main goals of inclusive education is encouraging everyone to appreciate and value for diversity as well as develop understanding of the differences. Students with special needs in inclusive classrooms are found to be more accepted by their peers and included more often than their peers in segregated remedial program(Okagaki et al, 1998 and Slavin, 1992).
According to UNESCO, inclusive education is a process of addressing and responding to the diverse needs of all children by increasing participation in learning and reducing exclusion within and from education (Nguyet and Ha 2010). Inclusive education is a process of increasing the presence, participation and achievement of all learners (Booth and Ainscow 2002). The process involves mainstreaming children with special educational needs into regular classroom settings, allowing them to learn side by side with their peers without disabilities. Inclusive education implies that children with special educational needs have to attend mainstream schools they would have attended if they did not have a disability. Mainstreaming children with special needs education has a positive impact on both social and academic learning for children with and without special needs (Farrell 2000).
This issue was definitely rebutted by researchers who states that inclusive education is a movement that support the idea that all students should be educated in the general education classroom regardless of their disabilities (UNESCO, 2005). The civil rights law fosters the idea that discrimination against
In the context of this study, inclusive education is taken to refer to the participation of all primary school pupils in a general curriculum. The researcher is aware that inclusive education goes beyond special needs children but this study does not include such other categories of children as those with legal confinement, ethnic minorities and those with social stigmas. One of the arguments in favour of inclusive education is the realization that every individual is unique, hence the focus must be on the individual and not on the subjects. According to Deiner (1999), if all children are part of regular settings and all children participate in the general curriculum, then all educators need to know sufficient techniques to care for and educate all children. (Unachukwu, Ozoji & Ifelunni, 2008).
Children with special educational needs will have the opportunity to receive the same standard of normal schooling. Experts and scholars advocated integrated education because students with special educational needs should be educated with ordinary students in the general class (Gartner & Lipsky, 1987; Giangreco & Putnam, 1991) The ideas of teaching everyone without discrimination avoid the label effect of between disabilities and the normal people. Also, it provides the concept of the zero refused. The integrated education includes the educational philosophy of zero refused, integration of the class arrangement, barrier-free learning environment, cross-team education services and individualized education program (Ms. Fu, n.d). The government though that integrated education can improve overall educational effectiveness and cost effectiveness.
However, every student has the right to be included in an everyday classroom with non-special needs students. The following paper will present and explain inclusion’s purpose, its benefits for both special and non-special needs students, as well as its drawbacks. Literature Review This thesis paper will be carried out with the help of online research, and investigations as well as books. The Wisconsin Education Association Council (WEAC) defines inclusion as “a term which expresses commitment to educate each child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the school and classroom he or she would otherwise attend.” Develop more this point “The term “inclusion” replaced all previous terminologies, i.e., integrated special education; reverse mainstreaming, previous to the early 1990s in hopes that the word would mean more than placing children with special needs in the regular educational classroom, including a sense of belonging, social relationships, and academic development and learning.” (Odom, Buysse, & Soukakou,
Special education is a discipline marked by a lot of controversy and which elicits a heated debate among education administrators, parents, and teachers. Full inclusion, which is the belief that disabled students should be incorporated into regular classrooms, regardless of whether they meet conventional curricular standards or not, is the major point of controversy. Full inclusion embraces the idea that disabled students should undertake regular education and only be excluded in a class when important services cannot be offered to them (Nelson, Palonsky, & McCarthy, 2010). This paper seeks to delve into the arguments surrounding full inclusion and establish their validity. It will achieve this by highlighting the arguments for and against
“Special Educational Needs” is defined as a restriction in the capacity of the person to participate in and benefit from education on account of an enduring physical, sensory, mental health or learning disability or any other condition which results in a person learning differently from a person without that condition... (Government of Ireland, 2004b, section 1) Aims and principles of Special Education The aims of education for students with special educational needs include (a) enabling the student to live a full life and to realize his or her full potential as a unique individual through access to an appropriate broad and balanced curriculum; (b) enabling the student to function as independently as possible in society through the provision
Many parents, educators, and everyday people argue on whether full inclusion or segregated programs are most effective for students with disabilities. In my opinion, it depends on the type of disability. Sometimes children need to work their way up to being in an all inclusive environment. For example: if a child has a hearing impairment but receives something like hearing aids, the child would benefit in a regular class. On the other hand, if a child is blind or dead being in a regular classroom will not benefit them.