Outline and assess the dramaturgical approach of Erving Goffman. In your answer you should consider how Goffman’s ideas could be applied to an everyday situation of your choice. We are all social actors according to Erving Goffman. In everyday life, in every situation, we are continuously portraying ourselves in a certain way. We want to be perceived in a certain way, so we have different ‘masks’ for each social interaction we have.
It could be understood as two individuals, who would either become friendly or be at conflicting levels or even just stay inert and non-reactive. The combination of the mental models of individuals produce emergent properties. This emergent property is the product of two individual’s characteristics which are either implicitly dominant or implicitly less-dominant. Or it may be explicitly dominant or explicitly less-dominant. Most often it is the more dominant characteristic of the person which become an obvious magnet for others.
According to Bandura, social learning theory approaches the explanation of human behaviour in terms of a continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioural and environmental determinants. Aronson in his Book, Social Psychology stated that “Social learning theory holds that we can learn social behaviour by observing others and imitating them. In Life Span Development, Santrock states “ that in Bandura’s early research he focused on observational learning better known as imitation or modeling which is learning that occurs through observing what others do.” An example of learning theory is a young child observing his father shaving in the morning and then after observing him a few times, he also imitates his father’s action.
Erving Goffman is a twentieth century micro-sociologists. His dramaturgical approach is tied to symbol interactionism; a framework that states people develop symbolic meaning and rely on them for interaction. He looked at how face-to-face interactions build up to the human experience (Kivisto and Pittman). Goffman’s main argument in the dramaturgical approach is that we are all actors and we can change and manipulate how we are perceived through ‘sign vehicles’, just as actors in a theatre do. In supporting both Goffman’s and my own points, I will refer closely to the specific example of a Dunnes Stores worker’s daily interactions and presentation, although it could be applied to any social situation.
Humans use sensory factors to determine what they might think of someone new. Usually, someone will like another person better if they can relate to them on a personal reason. For instance, if someone looks/acts similar in looks, personality, attitude, behavior, and belief, they are more likely to show a connection and have a good first impression. If a person starts to act similar to the person they are trying to give an impression to, it could impact the final decision of the impression. Under those circumstances, it is always worth a try to change the first impression someone might have on
Dramaturgy questions how each performance is enacted, what symbols are used to reach what effect. Feedback helps validate the various claims. Life is a Stage Dramaturgy analyses social interactions as a series of theoretical performances. Normal life is now like a play and humans are the actors in the play of life.
He has stated that the mediated learning-experience can act as a proximal factor of cognitive modifiability as well as the playing role in enhancing children 's cognitive modifiability (Tzuriel, 2014). Based on Heeter, interaction is defined as an episode or series episodes which deals with the physical actions and reactions of an embodied human with the world. Interactivity has been categorised four elements which are the source, message, channel and receiver (Heeter, 2010). Fathi, Hodgins, & Rehg stated that social interactions, like having a conversation, are tightly coupled with whether a moment is worth keeping and categorized into three which are the dialogue, discussion, and monologue. They have examined the social interactions by using the faces and attention as the main element in order to reason on the people’s attention which is aimed to recognize the social interactions among people.
We share the same cultural identity as we consume those cultural artifacts of narratives, memories, stories and fantasies to incorporate their cultural representations in similar or different ways into our everyday rituals and practices of daily life. Besides, the social and cultural construction of identity is highly influenced by media communication in the modern age. Technologies have empowered the media to communicate their meaning to a variety of people; (Hall, 1997) Social and cultural identity are linked to issues of power, value systems, and ideology. The media uses representations, such as images, words, and characters or personae, to convey specific ideas and values related to culture and identity in a society.
In here, a symbolic interaction takes place between the person, through his or her image or social status as seen by others. This dramaturgical presentation of the self as Goffman (1959) posited, also sometimes extends to reflection of socioeconomic status. Dramaturgy in this sense is the idea that the self is seen as the product of the dramatic interaction between actor and audience and not just as a mere possession of the actor (Ritzer, 2008). However, this is not without the concealed identity of the person behind the symbolic perception given off by the person and other people. Still, this interaction becomes a selling point of clubbing among people, which translates into motive of regularly going to
Gagnon (2017) helps support the illustration of my map because she talks about from 1867 to 1914, opened for mass settlement and became home to millions of immigrant settlers. Also, having parents who immigrated from Pakistan in the late 70’s allowed me to think back to confederation. I wanted to know what were most ethnicities during Canadas confederation time and why? I wanted to acknowledge, but find out what were major communities? Who was welcome to Canada?
Others notice when you try to be like/ act like them. Most people will talk behind your back if you was to for example try and dress like them. To summarize, begin yourself you will feel confident about yourself, there will be less drama, and people will know the real you. By being the real you people will want to be more friendly towards you.
Sociological imagination can be defined as one’s awareness of the impact that society has on their personal life because of the outside conditions and circumstances. The outside world create standards for people, even if they do not know that they are being looked at in this way. Therefore, society influences a person’s behavior and limits their free will. This theory is clearly demonstrated in The Truman Show. The movie helps to deepen my understanding of sociological imagination and helps me to see how the outside world controls my life.