They wanted to unite all the domain kingdoms of Spain and make it a dominant world. They united Spain's largest kingdoms and ruled Aragon and Castile together. Their biggest impact in the Spanish society was definitely the Spanish Inquisition. An inquisition is a series of investigations designed to judge and find heretics. Ferdinand and Isabella conquer the Granada from the Moors (Muslims) which gave them the title Catholic Kings in 1492.
Alvarus impress an impending doom but he also creates an atmosphere of inferiority to the Islamic culture; proving he values the homogenous culture over the multicultural society. This is evident in his description of the “Gentile lore”, denoting a lesser or pointless knowledge. In consideration of truth, it is true that the Christian society was becoming acquainted with the Arabic culture, However, it is most likely a theological view point of Alvarus, and many other contemporaries, that the mixing of these cultures and the prevalence of the Arabic culture would threaten any individuals ability to communicate in the
The Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire is one of the largest empires to be established in history. It stretched over many continents and had many islands. Spain expanded its territories over four centuries, starting in 1492 and ending in 1892. One of the influences from the Spanish Empire today is that the United States was founded under Spanish control. The motivating force for Spanish exploration, both on land and overseas, was the spread of Catholicism and the unearthing of natural resources and precious metals such as gold and silver by taking over other empires such as the Aztecs and Incas.
The Rise and Spread of Islam Have you ever thought that an introduction of a new religion would fully change a society's political, socio-economic, religious, and cultural values and institutions? Islam is one to do so in the “Arab world.” Muhammad's people said to the King of Ethiopia, “Previously we were a barbarous people who worshipped idols, ate carrion and committed shameful deeds… Thus, we were until God sent us an apostle whose glorious lineage, truth, trustworthiness, and clemency is well known to us.”(The Message) This quote exemplifies how the “Arab world” changed significantly when Islam was first introduced. In 610 CE, Prophet Muhammad was sent from god to “bring mankind out of darkness into the light by permission of their Lord.”
The Islamic Empire expanded quickly by conquering a vast amount of territory and for the development and appreciation of knowledge and science. The Muslims were fair and tolerant to the people they conquered. The commander of the Muslim forces, Abd Al-Aziz, told Theodmir, the king of southern Spain, that, “His followers will not be killed or taken prisoner, nor will they be separated from their women and children. They will not be coerced in matters of religion, their churches will not be burned, nor will sacred objects be taken from his realm, as long as he remains sincere and fulfills these conditions that we have set for him” (Document B, Treaty of Tudmir, 713 CE). By making this treaty, the Spanish people were allowed to be free and practice
The Arabic-Islamic Civilization came to 'rise ' 200 years following the death of prophet Muhammad (Video). As the borders between continents opened, caravans carrying goods, ideas, Pilgrims and people gathered to trade and exchange knowledge (Video). Within the city of Baghdad, was a building called the "House of Wisdom", a place where various peoples from different cultures and religious backgrounds such as Jewish, Christian, and Muslim gathered from all over the empire to communicate ideas (Video). The Islamic world has significantly contributed and influenced Western Europe civilization through the sharing of remarkable information amongst scholars. For example, Hindus and Islamic scientists can be credited for the mathematical concept of Roman numerals, the scientific process, algebra, trigonometry, and astronomy, all of which are widely used across nations today (Video).
Also, people were divided into various tribes based on blood and kinship. In Islam, a single, unified community called the Ummah was established and wrought away the remaining tribes. This also brought change to people’s former cultural tradition and beliefs. As you can see, life in Arabia and Africa changed heavily due to the spread of
Introduction During the 1400’s, Spain was divided and was in a state of violence and rioting. At the time, religion and belief in the Catholic Church seemed to be the only thing that could bring the country together as one, even though the church was weak and corrupt due to previous years of violence it prevailed over politics as most of the population was Christian. The Queen and King of Spain saw this as a chance to unify their country and set about making reforms to the church. The Inquisition was not a new idea and had been used around Europe for many years by the pope of the Catholic Church before the fifteenth century to keep the supremacy of the Catholic belief. It was later introduced to Spain as a court run by priests which would
The Abbasid dynasty was very inclusive to many people, given the time period. This imperial territory extended from Spain along the coast of North Africa, through the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, Central Asia, and even over to northwest India. (Gettleman, 2003, 7-8) This dynasty rules for 500 years as Sunnis and brought the Golden Age of Islam. This period of great prosperity for the Islamic world occurred during the Dark Ages of Western Europe. The fact that Europe was in an economic and cultural depression after the decline of the Roman Empire greatly assisted the growth of the Islamic empire.
Muhammad, God’s prophet, was a follower of Islam, and thus prayed to Allah, the Islamic “Supreme God.” Muslims follow Sharia Islamic Laws. Rather than having emperors, they had Sultans, as their leaders. Islamic Caliphates were able to unite the fighting tribes in the Arabian Peninsula, and spread throughout the Middle East of Europe. The Islamic Caliphates were soon able to conquer North Africa and the Persian Empire. However, as the Islamic Caliphates were expanding their empire, they were seized from expanding by the Byzantine Empire, in the battle of Tours (Spielvogel