The latent functions of the The Bureau of justice statistics show that one in three black men can expect to go to prison in their life. This is an obvious example of racial inequality in our society. The Center for American Process writes about the inequality in our justice system.
Many of the incarceration rates for African Americans are about six and a half times greater than that of Caucasians. African Americans make up close to thirteen percent of the U.S. population, yet they happen to represent thirty-eight percent of violent crime arrests. The prison population accounts for forty percent of the African Americans incarcerated. Racial disparity exists mainly due to the mass media and the emergence of crack cocaine. Poverty also goes hand and hand with racial disparity in the United States.
There is a higher poverty percentage rate among black people than any other race, which is why they are more likely to be accused of a crime (kff.org). They believe that those who are poor are more likely to commit crimes because of the fact poverty hurts our ability to make decisions on school, finances and life (Thompson, 2013). There were other men outside searching for the twins, but it never occurred to them that one of the men could have been the culprit except for Robbie, as he was the only one accused. While Robbie was in prison, Cecilia wrote to him that “I’m beginning to understand the snobbery that lay behind their stupidity” (McEwan, 117) She believed that her parents were to believed he raped Lola because of his social status. Since Robbie is part of the lower-class, it makes sense for inspectors to think that he would commit a crime because of the belief that lower-class make bad decisions.
The documentary the “13th” had shocking statistics on how many people are incarcerated in the United States. The 1970’s was the beginning of the “mass incarceration era,” which started with 357,292 people incarcerated. From there, the prison population has continuously increased and reached a population of 2,306,200 in 2014. Many of these people incarcerated are African-Americans because the criminal justice system has always worked against them. African-Americans in the United States account for 6.5% of the population, meanwhile they account for 42% of the prison population.
Jail bonds are the specified amount of money an accused person must pay to get out of jail as soon as possible while awaiting trial. I believe that these jail bonds violate the human right of no unfair detainment. These Jail bonds are discriminatory against the poor and working middle class as the amount to be paid sometimes is so high that most middle class people and below can’t afford to pay this bail. The purpose of these jail bonds are to ensure the person will stay and await their trial, however if everyone is innocent until proven guilty why do accused people have to buy their freedoms? Jail bonds are a violation of human rights because they contradict the Bill of Rights, discriminate against the poor,
“Black Lives Matter” (BLM) is an international activist movement, originating in the African American community, that campaigns against violence toward black people”(Petersen-Smith,1). Over the years, since the black power struggle “Between 1970 and 2005, the prison population increased by a historically unprecedented 700 percent. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, roughly half of federal prisoners are incarcerated for drug offenses”(Petersen-Smith,3). This was due to inequality and police officers abusing their power. “Black youth are ten times more likely than white youth to be arrested for drug crimes” according to the ISR (International Socialist Review).
This statistic could steam from since 1980 to present the prison system has quadrupled in population from a half of million people to roughly 2.5 million people(NAACP,2015). Some would say that this is the reason for the downward trend of violent crimes in America, Because more of the people are locked up and not on the streets in order to commit crimes. Which may be the case, but the question still remains why is the statics of race in the prison system still a overwhelmingly different. For Example African Americans are locked up 6 times more than white offenders, As of 2008 the prison system is predominantly (58%) made up of African Americans and Latinos (NAACP,2015). From these statistics, it could possibly be assumed that the socioeconomic status from where a person is from could lead to a answer as to why this is happening all over
Jobs applications, Financial Aid, Public Housing, and food stamps applications often ask for citizen’s criminal records, stigmatizing those who came out of the system, robbing them of opportunities. It’s very hard to find employment, convicts are all treated the same regardless of crime. In The New Jim Crow, the author talks about how young blacks are more likely to go to jail than college due to the system of incarceration. In fact, she cites a source that explains that in 2001, there were more blacks in the Illinois state prison, then there were in the state’s public universities, on drug charges alone. So forty years after the drug war was first declared, it still goes on, normalized by the commentary in media, and stereotypes assigned to those who serve time in correctional facilities.
In fact that this so severe that there are more black men in the grip of the criminal-justice system-in prison, on probation, or on parole-than were in slavery" (Gopnik 2013). This comes to show how race plays a huge role in the United States system than in Hong