The imperialism began from Africa. Imperialism basically means expanding nation’s power or influence by direct control of a territory or by controlling economy and politics. Between 1500 and 1800, Europeans were only seen in Africa to buy and sell slaves from local chiefs. As in Africa there was a huge problem of contagious malaria and other harmful diseases. Europeans became helpless to these diseases, so by 1833, the British government banned the slavery.
As they proceeded to trade the slaves, some African rulers refused to trade anything for the slaves so the merchants had to create new trade routes, avoiding the rulers. This soon became known as the triangular trade, where over different routes, Europeans transported goods to the West coast of Africa where traders exchanged the goods for captured African slaves. Later, enslaved Africans were then brought across the Atlantic and sold in the West Indies where they traded them in return for sugar, coffee, and tobacco, and sailed the Europe with the new profits. This is an example of just one of the many triangular routes used from 1451-1870. This trade system linked the West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa and allowed a variety of goods to be shared.
Europeans were going to rely on a heavy reliance on military power, size, and strategic tactics to take and maintain control of African colonies. France set out to establish itself in North Africa shortly after 1870, first by establishing a protectorate in Tunisia in 1881 with the signing of the treaty of Bardo. With the French raid of Algeria and defeat of the Tunisian Kroumer tribe, the French looked to gain more territory. Jules Ferry, a French foreign minister, played a crucial part, managing to send a small army of French forces consisting of approximately 36,000 troops to defeat the Kroumer tribe. French armed forces continued their advance and invasion into Tunisia shortly after.
East and West Africa from 1000 to 1500 CE had profound differences in forms of government, with West Africa being kingdom based, and East Africa city-state based. The conversion of Eastern and Western African ruling elites compacted trading between themselves and Islamic traders from Mesopotamia, China, India, and as far away as Oceania. The relatively stable political environment from 1000-1500 CE in Sub-Saharan Africa attracted displaced peoples from the Abbasid empire in Northern Africa, with West Africa utilizing Trans-Saharan trade, and East Africa utilizing mariner trade routes. The East and West developed in clearly different ways, but paralleled each other in a way in which the political, social, and economic environments facilitated stable trade in the region, as well as a distinct blend between Islamic culture and African tradition. The primary difference in the political organization of both East and West African from 1000-1500 CE comes in the form of government.
But, eventually, in the year 1830, things got really bad, the US Gov’t passed the Indian Removal Act and in Georgia the white men held a lottery to give away the Indians’ land. John Ross tried to use diplomacy to have the Cherokee’s rights to the land recognized. He went to the Supreme Court and won against the US Gov’t. The Court agreed that the Cherokees had rights to the land, but the president would not back down. Then in 1835, a few renegade Cherokees wrote up a false treaty and gave it to Congress.
An economic revolution is defined as a change in the economic system of a society in terms of creation, expansion, and interaction. D’Augy’s quote “We have not brought half a million slaves from the coasts of Africa to make them into French citizens” in Document 3 is full of hatred and resentment towards slaves. D’Augy wants to convince people of the risks in recognizing the rights of slaves and treating slaves like French citizens. Furthermore, voodoo rituals mentioned in Document 5, where everyone “threw themselves on their knees and swore blindly to obey the orders of Boukman”, was an economic change since the slaves went from a life of passively working for their oppressors to actively attempting to overthrow their masters. These changes will soon be repeated in countries like the German Coast Uprising of 1811 in the United States.
The incident had led to innocent British citizens lives being sold into the slave trade. The incident had caused an uproar because the cargo and falsified evidence were justification to send the incident to court, but it’s captured by slavers endangered the lives of freemen. From the outside perspective of those who were not on the ship, but the officials in control varied their opinion. One opinion coming from the British and French naval and colonial officials, the other coming from British and French diplomatic officials. The Neirsee Incident outlined in the novel, Inhuman Traffick, expands on the differing beliefs of colonial and diplomatic officials where one follows the standard protocol for slave freedom, and the other tries to free those who are
On October 16, 1859, John Brown led a small mixed race group to attack the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia in the hopes of triggering a slave rebellion (Norton, 361). Southerners were outraged to learn that prominent northern abolitionists had financially backed John Brown. This increased southern fear that the northern abolitionists could attempt greater revolutionary acts in an attempt to start a slave rebellion. The southerners feared Abraham Lincoln being elected in 1860 due in part to the Republican Party’s opposition to slavery extension
The Georgia state laws made it so that Cherokees could not defend their land claims, and report the white men trespassing their land. It stated that the Cherokees had no right to sue or testify whites in court. This law, passed in 1828, took away many of the Cherokee’s rights. Due to the crazy, lawless gold frenzy, Chief John Ross, asked President Jackson to at least cover the money of the gold digger’s intrusions. The Cherokee focus on the discovery of gold, however, seemed to only enhance the Georgia legislature to argue that the Cherokee tribe was depriving the state unfairly, of their wealth.
They started forming resistance movements to fight against the vise. Africans who cooperated with Asians and Europeans in the trade were sought and killed. However, because of the secretive nature of the business, it was difficult to eradicate slavery. Some strong kingdoms sold captives of war to the Europeans, and therefore could not be stopped from engaging in the trade. The need for the European manufactured products in West Africa forced middlemen to carry out their slaves search with determination.