Group 2 Hela Essay Henrietta Lacks was a normal, young African American woman who lived a simple life by taking care of her family, including her husband (and also her first cousin) Dale, and their five children. Not long after she delivered her fifth child, Henrietta developed an aggressive cervical cancer caused by the sexually transmitted disease, HPV, which quickly caused her to lose her fight and pass away, yet her death and cancer cells also had a new beginning in the aspect of science: her cells taken from a biopsy continued to divide and became one of the most important cell lines in medical history.
Chlamydia Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. Not all people contaminated with chlamydia have symptoms, so the infection can go unnoticed for many years. Patients with asymptomatic chlamydia become permanent sources of contamination, which is why chlamydia is the most common STD in the world. Whoever transmits chlamydia may not know that it is contaminated and whoever gets contaminated may not know who infected it.
According to the CDC (Center For Disease Control) website, Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease or STD. It is a disease that can be contracted by either men or women. It is safe to say that it does way more harm to a female body than that of a male. It can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman 's reproductive system, which as we know if necessary for procreation and the replenishing of the population. This disease can also make it difficult or impossible for her to get pregnant later on. Though the effects on the human body are very harmful, is very easily cured by antibiotics.
Genital Herpes is a disease that is sexually transmitted, and is in the form of wart like bumps. This disease is very common and highly contagious. This form of herpes nationwide is affecting 45 million people from ages 12 and older. Genital Herpes and other forms of herpes originated from early chimpanzees, and rodent like chipmunks.
Syphilis According to CDC “syphilis is an STD that can cause long-term complications”. There are four stages to this disease: primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. Syphilis can only be spread by direct contact. In 2003 more 56,400 cases were reported in the United States.
The condition is also typically associated with asymptomatic urethritis when it is transmitted sexually and may eventually lead to a gradual unset of testicular pain, tenderness, dysuria and urethral discharge (Uphold & Graham, 2013). Chronic epididymitis is characterized by symptoms lasting for greater than six weeks (Uphold & Graham, 2013).
Chlamydia is a Sexually Transmitted disease (STD) that can infect both men and women and in which is found more commonly in women then in men. Chlamydia is a bacterial disease that is spread by having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex and this disease can cause serious, permanent damage to a women’s reproductive system. Men rarely have health problems when they are infected. The disease can also spread to the eyes as well and into the mouth, this happens from oral sex. New Mexico department of health, chlamydia is ranked 4th in the nation in 2013 and also has a high percentage of 62% between the ages of 15-24. Chlamydia is commonly found among African Americans, African Indian’s, and Hispanic populations.
This can be tested by simply mixing the serum of suspected individual which contain the antibodies with the antigens of specific bacteria the accumulation of clumps confirms the presence of particular bacterial infection. This test can be performed in various ways including slide agglutination reaction, tube agglutination reaction, indirect agglutination inhibition reactions etc. Another important practical application involves blood group test of
When given an unknown bacteria there are a multitude of steps one must go through to be able to correctly identify what bacteria was given. It is important to correctly identify the bacteria because some bacteria are more harmful than others. The gram stain is the first test that should be performed because it helps narrow down the possibilities by telling one whether the bacteria is gram positive or gram negative. After this test is performed, one shall place bacteria on/in Mannitol Salt agar, MacConkey agar, Eosin Methylene Blue agar, Urea agar, Simmon’s Citrate, Purple Beef broth with Lactose and finally Purple Beef broth with Sucrose. A streak plate should also be made up, this helps one identify the morphology of the colonies.
Indirect infection transmission is caused when there is no physical contact between humans. Indirect infection is generally spread when someone sneezes or coughs, causing the disease to become airborne. Another way indirect transmission can occur is when a surface becomes contaminated such as a change table or a toy. This is why it's important to ensure your centre is effective in environmental cleaning. The third way an indirect infection can occur is through contact with animals such as mosquitos, rats, mice, dogs, fleas, ticks etc. Germs can be present in their skin, feathers, faeces and saliva. These germs don't always cause disease in animals but can be infectious to humans. For example mosquito bites can cause malaria, elephantitis, yellow
Even with being observant and watching for the obvious signs and symptoms of a UTI, it is important we also are aware that UTIs can be symptomatic or asymptomatic (Hälleberg Nyman, Johansson, Persson & Gustafsson, 2011). Signs and symptoms of a UTI can include frequent pain and/or burning during urination, polyuria, increased urgency, nocturia, hematuria, incontinence, and suprapubic, back, or pelvic pain (Paul, Day & Williams, 2016). UTIs need to be treated promptly to prevent renal damage, and/or potential septic shock. We also need to be aware of the different risk factors that
The streaking technique used was a modified streaking for isolation with a heavy quadrant one. The result revealed that bacteria is alpha, with an incomplete breakdown of the medium with a susceptibility of 17mm from the bacitracin gamma hemolysis. That is why the organism represented by the bar graph was in low numbers because it was incomplete. The other test was DNase agar, it is an enzyme test used to identify if the organism has the enzyme DNA. The streaking technique is a single straight line down the middle of the plate.