JL Mackie was persuasive in his argument by showing that belief in an almighty God is not rational. He proves this by posing the problem of evil. According to JL Mackie, if God exists and is omniscient, omnipotent, and good then evil would not exist. However, evil exists in this world, sometimes in the form of undeserved suffering (diseases that affect humans, earthquakes, famines ...) and others perpetrated by man (murders, wars ...). If God exists and has the capability to be powerful, good, omniscient and omnipotent, why would he let evil be perpetrated?
According to the book of Third Isaiah, “The Lord rejects fasting that is accompanied by oppression (v.3) and strife (v.4).” (Ackerman 1037). In this context, the people cannot expect that one action done in good intention, fasting, will be accepted when their actions of oppression say another thing. Finally, in the book of Third Isaiah, the prophet emphasizes that even if a worshipper participates in appropriate actions alongside inappropriate ones, both will be condemned (Isaiah 66.3-4). More generally, one good action cannot cover up the bad one, because intention matters just as much as the action
Martin Luther King a famous social activist once stated, “we must develop and maintain the capacity to forgive. He who is devoid of the power to forgive is devoid of the power to love.” When referring to these words it is shown how forgiving we can be for people that we hate or dislike. In William Golding's book The Lord of the Flies his character Jack shows the actions of power, fear, and acceptance. People in power are more afraid of losing that power because it may show you as a failure, and to take control is much easier than taking responsibility for actions because there may be consequences, but most of all forgiveness is the hardest to do because it is just too hard to let go. Jack was a different type of leader than Martin Luther
Simple minded men can mistakenly interchange an opinion or passion for an intuition. This can lead to dangerous territory. Lewis addressed hard topics such as the death penalty. He said that "The doctrine that war is always a greater evil seems to imply a materialist ethic, a belief that death and pain are the greatest evils. But I do not think they are.
In On Free Will, Augustine comes to a very similar conclusion. In the dialogue Evodius asks Augustine whether or not God is the creator of evil, in order to answer this Augustine must work with Evodius to determine what evil is and from there who are its creators. Augustine demonstrates that God is not the creator of evil, only just punishment, and the evil humans create is of their own doing, is a form of ignorance, and because evil is punished by God, being evil is harmful to evil beings. Meno’s definition of Virtue at this point in the dialogue states that virtue is “desiring fine things and being able to acquire them” (Baird and Kaufmann, 156). Socrates replies with the observation that it seems some people desire evil, which he defines later on as what brings about unhappiness and misfortune.
In the words of David Gemmell, “there is evil is all of us, and it is the mark of a man how he defies the evil within.” The beast in the novel starts as a symbol of fear and something that was ignored but ends up creating chaos and representing evil. In William Golding 's, Lord of the Flies, the boys making fun of the little boy for being scared of the beastie and the boys doubting Sam and Eric, Simons hallucination, and Simon 's death are evidence that show the evil and ignorance in the boys. There are many signs of ignorance towards the beast in the novel. One example of ignorance towards the beast is when the boys made fun of the little boy for being scared of the beast. When the little boy brought up the beast the first time, the older boys, “laughed and cheered,” (Golding.
Maybe; however, I agree with Playwright Sophocles that , "all men make mistakes, but a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong, and repairs the evil. The only crime is pride." This quote means that making a mistake is inevitable, but owning up to your mistake is what matters most. Sophocles quote is significant because it reveals that arrogance can in effect cause more damage that the mistake you created. I promise that I'm the most stubborn, prideful, sore-loser in the existence of
History shows the inevitability that people will deliberately blame others for one of the two major reasons: his/her own satisfaction or the good of the whole. In his novel The Crucible, Arthur Miller calls these types of people “a proctor” and “a fool.” A proctor is an assertive, respected man. Unlike a fool, a proctor’s reputation is not the most important thing to him. A fool is the complete opposite of a proctor. A fool is a proud, villainous person who puts their reputation above all others.
The world we live in is a clear cut example of a binary system. A world that man has created in which one classification cannot be made without a comparison or, quite bluntly put, discrimination. For there to be light, there must be darkness and for something to be considered beautiful, there must be something else which is considered ugly in comparison. It is due to these binary systems, that many philosophers whose work relies heavily on crediting or discrediting such systems have made names for themselves. One of these happens to be the everlasting argument between good and evil, more specifically whether man is born basically good or basically evil.
However, if mental love chooses to turn towards evil, then it is turning against God. “As long as it’s directed toward the First Good… those whom He made have worked against their Maker.” (Purg. 17. 97-102) However, to direct mental love towards the First good can never be easy, for mental love involves the free will, and man’s free will always has that tendency to turn towards evil than what is really