Plato is the thinker or theorist who came with addressing who should rule in a political environment in what Plato outlined that only Philosophers should rule. This ideology will be addressed in the essay with substantiated reasons on why Plato thought that philosophers should rule. 1.1 DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS 2 PLATO BIOGRAPHY Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens. Plato 's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping
For Socrates philosophy is a way of live, and we must always ask question to knowledge, which is also its philosophy. His kind of philosophy denies with other philosophers, because they believe only on the pursuit and building of knowledge. Those philosophers want to obtain as much knowledge as possible, while Socrates searches only the truth. Consequently, the main idea between the Apology and the Allegory of the Cave is knowledge. The Allegory is based under effects of knowledge on the human spirit.
Read in this style, the discussion as a whole invites us to share in Plato 's vision of our place within the ultimate structure of reality. What are philosophical views in republic? In the Republic Plato, speaking through his teacher Socrates, sets out to
Socrates approaches people in an attempt to find out why the oracle of Delphi told him he is the wisest man of all (Plato, n.d.). He doesn 't believe to be wise, but at the same time, he acknowledges that the god of Delphi doesn 't lie (Plato, n.d.), so he embarks in a journey to discover the meaning of wisdom. He probes other men to try and find out whether or not their arguments are sound, and to what point he can actually challenge their logic. He comes to the conclusion that he actually cannot find a wiser man, but this does not change his fundamental idea that he himself has no knowledge. The Good Brahmin comes to a similar conclusion, saying that he is “ignorant of everything” (Voltaire, 1926).
The concern with identity has its roots back in the fifth century BC, when Greek philosophers, such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle discussed about the existence of a personal identity. “Who am I? What does being the person that I am, from one day to the next, necessarily consist in? Who do I want to be? What makes me similar to, or different from, another individual?” These are the questions that philosophers have tried to answer throughout history, willing to understand the origins of our existence (Korfmacher, n.d.).
The first thing that usually comes to our mind when we hear the word philosophy is the question “what’s the meaning of life” Socrates, and Plato. Socrates is considered to be the first philosopher. Yet, that statement isn’t entirely accurate. Philosophy existed long before Plato and Socrates had come into the picture. This period is usually called pre-socratic philosophy, which is dominated by philosophers such as Pythagoras, Heraclitus, and Parmenides.
Plato writes these books about Socrates’ life to dive deep into his thoughts, truth, and worldview. He is from Athens and helped to develop Athenian art and philosophy during the golden age of Athens around 400 BC. Socrates believes that once, the soul separates from the body, it can obtain true wisdom and understanding of love in the afterlife. Socrates’ worldview was of deep thinking and consisted of rational in his views of gaining true wisdom in afterlife, humility on his journey in obtaining wisdom, peaceful thought patterns, and his wise views to view love for the true beauty of the soul through obtaining a deeper connection. Before Socrates’ trial before the men of Athens, he is with the Oracle (a middle man between man and the gods who sought prophecy) and the Oracle tells him that he is the wisest human on the planet.
However, let’s begin by constructing their arguments and seeing where their opinions come from. First, looking at the evidence Plato provides for why he believes the philosopher king is most likely to find truth. He uses a debate between his teacher, Socrates, and Gorgias, who brags about his orator abilities. Socrates begins to question Gorgias and his student Polus over what they should be
Leo Strauss defined Political Philosophy in his journal, What is Political Philosophy? The problems of Political Philosophy as the attempt to know genuine knowledge of the standards which apply in political things and in political order (1969). The aforementioned discipline can be traced back to Athens, to the time of Socrates which can be seen in Plato’s work, The Republic, where he discussed in the form of discourse between Socrates, Cephalus, Thrasymachus and Polemarchus the meaning of justice which later then expanded to kinds of unjust society. Socrates was considered the founder of the political philosophy because of his questions of “What is…” that concerned human beings, how they live and things that involve their living such as the polis. (Strauss & Cropsey, History of Political Philosophy, 1987).
‘At Socrates discipline, Plato adopted his philosophy and style of debate and directed his studies towards the question of virtue and the formation of a noble character’. He was greatly influenced by Socrates, Heraclitus and Parmenides. ‘He mixed together in his works the arguments of Heraclitus, the Pythagoreans and Socrates. Regarding the sensible he borrows from Heraclitus, regarding the intelligible from Pythagoras and regarding politics from Socrates’ (D.L.3.8). After Socrates death Plato left Athens and began to travel.