1. Who are the authors and what is their historical context? How does their context influence their writing? A: The authors for Meno and The Clouds are Plato and Aristophanes respectively, Plato being a student of Socrates and Aristophanes one of Plato’s contemporaries and humorist. Plato conveys his usual steadfast logical in Socratic arguments that present questions that lead his audience to where he wants, used as a teaching tool. The Clouds a Greek comedy that satirized Socrates in his “Thinkery”.
In Plato’s “The Apology,” Socrates recounts how he searched and found wisdom. Socrates first started searching for wisdom when the Oracle at Delphi stated that there was no man wiser than he. Socrates questioned the oracle, and searched for the reason for the oracle’s prophecy; Socrates found that the people he met, the politicians, poets, and artisans,
Even though majority of The Apology is literally a speech narrated by Socrates, we can guess that Plato was intrigued by the story enough to twist it in a way that would highlight Socrates, and the picture was thoroughly diverse from that of Aristophanes. Between the two works there is without A doubt great controversy and moments attempting to prove the character and moral integrity of Socrates. In The Clouds Socrates is identified as the most hated type of sophist; he
Tinkler is a professor of Renaissance English Literature and Rhetoric at Townson University. Tinkler’s primary sources are Utopia, The Prince, Cicero’s writings on rhetoric, Quintilian’s writings on rhetoric, Machiavelli’s Discourses, and a letter Erasmus wrote about More. He uses his primary sources to explain the art of rhetoric and to illustrate the different styles of rhetoric. His secondary studies are various studies on rhetoric in Utopia and The Prince and other studies that explore Utopia and The Prince. Tinkler’s secondary sources support his argument that The Prince and Utopia employ the demonstrative and deliberative genera, while they take completely different approaches to the demonstrative genre.
Even on his last day of existence, Socrates did not surrender his exploration of the nature of the soul. Using the Socratic Method and the Recollection Argument, he cleverly proved that the soul exists before birth and that it is immortal. In this paper, I will explain Socrates’ line of reasoning by using the words of the philosophers engaged in the discussion recollected in Phaedo and a metaphor of my own. Secondly, I will point out some limitations in the Recollection Argument, such as its exclusive definition of all learning as recollection and the negative perception of the body. Finally, I will assess the strength of Socrates’ premises and the conclusion to reach an overall evaluation of the argument that established a strong foundation
In Plato’s The Trial and Death of Socrates, written in approximately 399 B.C.E., his beloved teacher and mentor, Socrates, fights for his innocence against alleged charges, all of which pertaining to atheism, in the Court of King Archon. Whilst defending himself, Socrates claims to possess “human wisdom,” (Apology, 31), and those prosecuting him to maintain “super-human wisdom” (Apology, 31), for they must retain greater knowledge than he. Despite his alleged shred of this wisdom, he only interests himself with the knowledge of the mortal. Through articulating this, Socrates expounds upon the observances in mortal life, and argues that as a human, one should not concern themselves with what lies beyond death, for there is much to explore in
Instead, Socrates chooses to question Crito’s request and comes to the conclusion that it is best for him to stay. After reading Plato’s Apology and Crito, I can conclude that according to Socrates human virtue is knowledge (wisdom). In this paper I will present two disputes that’s Socrates uses to prove what human virtue is. In Apology, one argument Socrates makes is that he is not wise. Socrates starts this off by explaining how Chaerephon went to the god Delphi, and Delphi asked if he knew any man that was wiser
In Plato’s Five Dialogues, the protagonist is a philosopher named Socrates. Socrates is a very curious man, who spent his time asking the citizens of Athens questions that turned into discussions, hoping to answer ethical dilemmas. These debates would often end with Socrates embarrassing his opponent by pointing out the flaws in their argument, without actually stating his own beliefs. This practice later became known as the Socratic Method. Some people respected Socrates, such as the youth who followed him around in their free will, while others criticized him, such as those who he publicly humiliated.
“How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers, I cannot tell; but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was – such was effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth” (Plato, 399 BC). The Apology recorded by Plato has implicated what Socrates had communicated during his defense to the judges and his accusers. Socrates was ridiculed and charges brought forth to him for corrupting the youth and for his rejection of the city’s deities. In Socrates speech to his accusers and to the judges, he preserves his beliefs in all that he is and that he does and is willing to accept the penalty that is placed upon him, which is death. However; in his speech he does make it clear that he will sacrifice his life on earth for the integrity of truth being spoken.