The North Rose window at Chartres Cathedral is considered as superior of all the major rose windows at the Northern France cathedrals along with the Lunette windows by the North opening. However, during 2007, the south end of the South Rose and Lancet Windows transept was wrapped in scaffolding for a large scale remodelling.
Introduction Romanesque architecture started around 1000 to 1200 AD around the middle ages, extending from the decline of the Roman Empire until the begging of gothic architecture. It is one of the most influenced styles of architecture but also one of the most hard to characterize. Unlike other styles it developed independently in diverse locations such as Italy, Spain, England and France. Its characteristics come from the ancient roman architecture that developed into bigger prettier and more complex constructions. However, there are different views in where it spread first as well as where it got more influence from.
Gothic and gothic revival styles of architecture began as revolutionary movements from their respective predecessors. Gothic is a style of architecture which gained popularity for its tall structure with pointed arches which points into the sky above. It emerged somewhere between 12th and 16th century, as an after effect or better says an evolution of the Romanesque style (Figure.01).
It was a temple dedicated to all the gods. The building caught fire twice before being completely rebuilt in 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian. It is suspected that the second re-building of the Pantheon was designed by Hadrian. In 608 the Pantheon was handed over to Pope Boniface IV by the Byzantine emperor Phocas. It then became a Christian church.
The term Gothic was originally used as an architectural term and it refers to medieval buildings, such as castles and cathedral. Its an style of writing that is characterized by elements of fear, horror, death and gloom. Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Fall of the house of Usher” is an good example of Gothic Literature because it has a gloomy mood. “ The storm had been a welcome diversion.
The Pantheon was first built with a rectangular plan but when Hadrian came in 125AD and rebuilt it, he added a dome. Currently, the Pantheon is used as both a church and also a historical heritage site. On the other hand, the Brunelleschi 's Dome is part of the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore, and it is one of the biggest churches in Florence which is in Italy (Mainstone, 1997). The construction of the church began in 1296
The room I chose at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum follows a Gothic theme. Its objects such as paintings, tapestries, altar pieces, and various furniture showcase this theme with period works from the fourteenth century and later revival styles from the nineteenth century. While the majority of the furniture is
The development of modern day architecture is very fascinating. Even though it has a very significant difference to architecture in the past, it still has many similarities. Many famous buildings we have today still show the same basic designs. For example, the Lincoln Memorial is very similar to the Parthenon.
According to William L. MacDonald, who wrote the book The Pantheon: Design, Meaning, and Progeny, “Hadrian’s Pantheon is one of the grand architectural creations of all time: original, utterly bold, many-layered in associations and meaning, the container of a kind of immanent universality.” While Hadrian was not the architect of the very first Pantheon, he was the architect of the one that stands today. The first Pantheon was started in 27 BC by Marcus Vispanius Agrippa. It was unfortunately destroyed by a fire in 80 CE. The second Pantheon was commissioned by Domitian, but it was struck by lightning in 110 CE and burned down as well.
In the 608, the Pantheon was converted to a Christian church when Byzantine Emperor Phocas offered it to the Pope as a gift. While it is now officially Saint Mary of the Martyrs, the Pantheon will always be the Pantheon. Inside are the tombs of several worthy Italians, including Raphael and Italian King Vittorio Emanuele II, great unifier of Italy, and his son Umberto I. The structure was sacked relatively little with respect to the rest of the city, although ironically, in 1628, Pope Urban allowed Bernini to strip the bronze from the Portico and melt it down for his Baldacchio above the alter of Saint Peter 's.
From 500 to 1500 AD Europe was not in a dark age, because of their advances with the Gothic Cathedrals, their conquests in the Crusades, and their organization within their Government. During 1163 through 1345 Europe had many architectural advancements, such as the Gothic Cathedral and the Notre Dame. According to the Gothic Cathedral document in Universities and Cathedrals it states,”Common features of gothic cathedrals included architectural innovations, including: large columns, high ceilings with ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, and large stained glass windows.” This quote supports that Europe was not in a dark age because it shows how many architectural innovations were made during this time period. The conquests of the Crusades support that Europe was not in a dark age because they brought many new trade items to Europe and they conquered new land and reconquered some land.
The building was 200 ft tall, and the façade was excessively ornamented in a beautiful way, and in a mixture of different styles including Gothic, Baroque, Churrigueresque to illustrate the appearance of a Spanish Colonial church. The facade was made of stone, and it did not include usual ornamentation, but sculpted historical figures of remarkable and significant people mostly were