I long to go through the crowded streets of your mighty London, to be in the midst of the whirl and rush of humanity, to share its life, its change, its death, and all that makes it what it is. (1993: 22) Thus, as we come to realize the context is crucial, and from the beginning of Dracula it is quite obvious that the story’s localization strengthens contemporary fears related to the Victorian society as well as with the nature of Englishness. The contrast between the West’s richness and splendor is constantly correlated with the East’s perpetual worthlessness. As Gill Davies pointed out, “the detailed geography of London is deployed to highlight a number of imperial and national anxieties” (Davies, 2004) which already existed. As a matter of a fact, by the time that Dracula was published stereotypes were well-established, and London was already considered both the heart and the image of the Empire, all the while the East represented all the things that the West was not.
Poe was interested in madness, detective stories, and has perceived themes like death and decay.58 A new innovation to the gothic that appears in the mid-nineteenth century is the Sensation novels. Sensation mode is derived from Radcliffean style of evoking terror , suspense, and mystery. It is regarded as a sub- genre of the gothic . Sensational novel deals mainly with senses. It is called so, because it makes the readers feel intense senses: fear, horror, excitement, suspense and anxiety.
A. Poe was also fascinated by writing about dark issues and considered different Gothic motifs in a psychological way. He was attracted by fear as an element in his stories. “In his hands Gothic was becoming ‘horror’, a term properly applied to the most famous late-Victorian example of Gothic.” (Mullan 2014) Taking a look at Poe’s personal story of life, he might needed some space to assimilate his hard times. As he studied at the University of Virginia, he joined the military service and married his cousin. After her death, Poe was alone and died in 1849.
But despite this, there were also dark sides to the beauty: the classes, lack of women’s rights and working children. All these topics are conversed by the two famous authors Jane Austen and Charles Dickens. After reading “Persuasion” by Jane Austen, and watching two versions of “Mansfield Park” as well as “David Copperfield” and “Hysteria”, I have now decided that this essay will mainly be about equal rights between the genders and the differences between the working class and the aristocrats. In the text I will also mention socioeconomical issues and social science. My main focus will be women, how they lived, and survived, in the sexist society during the Regency era.
Another characteristic of Gothic is the supernatural in all its forms: zombies, vampires, ghosts, witches, omens, dreams. For example, the character in Dracula is a vampire In this essay, I will try to discuss the occult elements in Jane Eyre. Jane Eyre appeared in 1847. It is a Victorian novel, a Bildungsroman, which has Gothic elements throughout it, it is a novel about a plain and simple woman who tries to find her place in society and her way is cluttered with mysterious episodes. I intend to provide in the following pages the characteristics of the Gothic novel and to apply them on the novel Jane
The Victorian period started in the nineteen century. Concurrently, when Queen Victoria was in the throne from 1837 until her death in 1901. As a matter of fact, the Victorian period is known for the changes and significant development from previous centuries. Accordingly, England had a dramatic change to the middle class which gave them more power. Never the less, the lower society, was being utilized for urban developments despite the fact they were unhappy and distressful.
Craziness and metamorphosis in the gothic literarure is a reaction to romanticism. It refers to horror and terror; to all the things that are fantastic, magical or wild and can even become nightmarish! We can asked ourselves how craziness and metamorphosis are an integral part of the Gothic literature. Among all the writers who write novel or short story with the gothic genre, I have selected the 5th chapter of Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley that we are going to develop in the one hand and on the other hand an excerpt of the Rime of The Ancient Mariner, written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Firstly, the 5th chapter of Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley, in 1818.
In the early 18th century a new genre of fiction prose, named "Gothic Novel" was introduced. The term ”Gothic” used to refer to the German tribe of the Goths. The Gothic novel spread over the 19th century and had the popular theme of haunted places such as castles, crypts, gloomy monasteries; supernatural elements having the role to intensify the atmosphere. The characteristic motifs of the gothic genre were the strange places, the supernatural, magic objects, monsters, demons, science used for bad purposes. And many of them appear also in "The Picture of Dorian Gray".
The Early Gothic The word “gothic” existed long before it become as a specified literary genre. The origin of Gothic literature is traced back to the various aspects, the history, culture, and tradition. The gothic elements were popular in the folktales such as bridegroom, cannibal, demon lover…etc. 19 The gothic roots belong to the medieval romance. If gothic genre is featured by its elements, then, gothic could be traced back to the old legends of chivalry, which embody stories set in an atmosphere of fantasy and enchantment, and deal with traditional heroes encounter monsters and beasts for the sake of fame and glory such as “Beowulf”; an epic which involves struggles with monsters as Grendel and his mother, and supernatural creatures as the
She skillfully adapted Walpole’s plot, and applied it according to the demands of the modern times, with added pinch of fantasy and realism. Through the passageway created by authors such as François Guillaume Ducray-Duminil, Baculard d 'Arnaud and Madame de Genlis, the gothic novel apparated in France as the Roman Noir or the Black novel. While in Germany it took the form of Schauerroman or shudder novel, debuting through the works like The Ghost-Seer (1789) by as Friedrich Schiller, and like Das Petermännchen (1791/92) by and Christian Heinrich Spiess. Matthew Gregory Lewis 's The Monk first provided with a continental perception of the proliferation of gothic fiction throughout Europe. The novel bleakly incorporated the elements of sadistic inquisitors, corrupted monks and spectral