Gottfredson Vs. Hahni: The Theory Of Gottredson And Hirschi
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The theory of Gottredson and Hirschi (1990) is the most popular theory in explaining crime. It originated from pure classical theory that people seek to enhance their own pleasure in committing criminal acts without special predisposition. As a whole, the theory is then called today as control theories which emphasize the prevention of crime through consequences painful to the individual in respect to their location and sanctions systems. The theory of Gottfredson and Hirschi became popular because they based it to the criminality of the individual in pursuit of self-interest in relation to self-control. The clear idea of self-control is that, people also differ in the level to which they are susceptible to temptation on the existence of social and individual control on behaviour. The nature of individual characteristic of self-control can be derived from the nature and commission of criminal acts. Such criminal acts are traced back from the factors affecting self-control (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1990).
There are means to measure self-control: the attitudinal, behavioural and bond based measurement. The attitudinal measures refer to delinquent definitions or antisocial values. This focuses on the attitude a person has, on how they act. This study was developed by Grasmick, Tittle, Bursik and Arneklev (1993) and is the most widely accepted way of measuring the self-control theory. They designed the 24 item scale which is composed of the six components (as cited in Gottfredson