Therefore, our government powers today is divided up into three branches. These powers are shared among the legislative, executive, and judicial branch. Topic I. - The legislative branch side of government. a) Senate powers within the legislative branch of government.
1. The Executive – it is administered by the president of the US who is elected by the citizens. This branch consists of the president and his or her advisors. It is mandated with enforcing the law in the United States. 2.
The federal government of Argentina is divided into three branches: Legislative , Executive , and Judicial. The president of Argentina is the head of state, chief- executive of the federal government, and the commander-in-chief of the Argentine Armed Forces. Formally, the president is given the power over the administration to follow through with interests of the nation. The current head of state is President Mauricio Macri. The legislative branch is a bicameral congress.
The real executive power thus vests in the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head. Similarly, in states, the Governor is the head of the executive, but it is the Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as its head in whom real executive
BRITISH INSTITUTIONS: PARLIAMENT AND MONARCHY 1. What is the Parliament? The Parliament is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependences and overseas territories. It possesses legislative supremacy and ultimate power over the rest of political bodies in the UK and its territories. It examines what the Government is doing, creates new laws, retains the power to tax fixation and it is where the concerns of the day are debated.
This is known as the separation of powers. The central government was divided into the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The legislative branch was responsible for making and passing laws. It was made up of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The legislative branch also approves treaties, declares war, grants money and confirms presidential appointments.
The Judiciary is divided into two main categories as the ordinary and specialized courts. The specialized courts serve the Federal government in controlling special practices that directly affect the government’s operations. They include the Military, Labor, and Electoral Courts. On the other and, the ordinary courts serves both the respective States and the Federal government. Primarily, the Municipal or State Courts deal with criminal, commercial, and civil cases within the States Districts for the first time.
THE ROLE OF THE POLITICAL EXECUTIVE IN THE PROVINCIAL AND LOCAL SPHERE OF GOVERNMENT POLICAL EXERCUTIVE A political executive is the executive at the head of a government as contrasted with a chief of states. Lindblom states that “a political executive is the influence of proximate policy makers or otherwise known as formal officers prescribed by the community as ‘authoritative force’”. In government the proximate policy makers are the cabinet members who shape and determine the public policies. The Cabinet draws power from various sources. For Jennings, “the Cabinet is the core of the constitutional system”.
The Prime Minister is the Head of Government who is appointed by the President with the approval of the National Assembly. The Deputy Prime Ministers are also appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet consists of the State Council who is appointed by the President on the Prime Minister's advice of the Prime Minister. Executive functions are undertaken by the President while the Prime Minister's responsibilities involve supervision of administrative functions of the ministries. The function of the Cabinet members is to act on policy matters and is accountable to the
According to the council of Europe (1985) the concept of local self-government can also be define as a system in which citizen of a country or a smaller political unit such as a state rule themselves and control their own affairs.it consists of elected representatives which are freely elected by ballot on the basis of direct, equal, universal suffrage, and which may possess executive organs responsible to them. (Council of Europe 1985).Local self-government is chosen by the community and it is accountable for fulfilling local needs of people remaining in control of local administration. (Wikipedia). ‘’These establishments ‘work is influenced by state legislatures and they exercises power stated in the act by which they are established, the elected representatives receive government grants for their activities like sanitation, providing elementary education and settling disputes.’’ (Council of Europe 1985). 2.