Known as the most important invention of the second millennium the marvelous printing press was among one of Johannes Gutenberg 's many achievements and recognitions that had introduced Europe to the mass communication era. His spectacular invention had eliminated borders and captured the attention of many, commencing the period recognized as the Renaissance. Across Europe, there had been an dramatic increase of communication and cultural self-awareness over the continent. The exact origin of Gutenberg 's first press is apparently unknown, but tradition credits him with inventing a press known as the 'movable type '. A massive improvement of what was commonly known as 'block printing ' used during the early 14th century.
During the 20th century There were various social and profitable changes that the American society had underwent. These changes included modifications in technology and science, government roles, gender roles, health and wellbeing, and the conceptions of freedom. Progressive reformers desired to cast out corruption that was in the government, adjust some of the business forms, approach health threats, and boost the working conditions. Reformers also made a stand to provide the public with better direct control to be over the government through straightforward primaries that proposed candidates for the public office, absolute elections of senators, women’s suffrage, and recall. By the opening of the 20th century, libeling journalists were beginning to cause an uproar of the mishandling of child labor laws, fraudulency in the city’s
Cubism was one of the first avant-garde art movements. As was already mentioned in the second paragraph, Cubism heavily influenced other art movements of that time. Its ideas were spreading from country to country where they mixed with the local culture and transformed into new art movements, so a bit of Cubist ideas were in nearly every style in the early and middle 20th century. It was the starting point of a new series of modern art movements. During Cubism period artist many techniques and developed ideas upon which the future modern art is built.
It is because cubism was a revolution to arts. Arts before that demanded details and more close to how things look in real life. However, cubism broke that style and began abstract art. Cubism allowed artists to revitalise the over-used traditions of Western art which they believed had run their course. The Cubists challenged abstract and unusual forms, yet still with techniques such as perspectives, shading and ratios.
We grew economically with the start of the war and new products being produced. Rather than immediately jumping into war we fixed some of our countries problems. Culturally the United States boomed in the 20’s. Several events came into building the United States as it is
The Progressive Era was a time of widespread reforms across the U.S. Progressive means a group, person, or idea favoring or implementing social reforms or new, liberal ideas. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, W. Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson were the three presidents whose actions and decisions influenced the Progressive Era, along with many muckrakers and everyday people out for change. To a certain extent, the progressive movement was successful in reforming political, social, and economic ills of society. Political changes during this era helped get people more involved with their government and make sure it was running properly. First cities reforming, such as Mayor Samuel M. Jones in Toledo, Ohio who improved municipal services, set a minimum wage and opened schools for children.
Essay 2 The Renaissance and the Enlightenment are two important changing point in European History where people discovered new art forms and invented the latest technology. Both the Renaissance and the Enlightenment contributed many important things to European culture. The Renaissance was a cultural rebirth through the 14th century to the middle 17th century that mainly focused on improving the arts and literature. Some of the famous artists were Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Raphael. These artists created beautiful pieces of art that contributed to and defined the essence of the renaissance.
What were the ideals of the Renaissance, and how did Italian artists and writers reflect these ideals? The Renaissance was the most radical rebirth of art, learning, and literature throughout the 14th through 16th centuries. It sparked a change in the way people thought and brought forth multiple cultural and social revolutions. The Renaissance marked the conversion from an agricultural, medieval Europe to the urbanized, modern Europe in which is seen today. The core facets of the Renaissance include, humanism and individualism.
The Industrial Revolution in the 1900s was a time of substantial transformation throughout society. Not only did countries become greatly dependent upon one another, but it has also influenced people’s lifestyles and the global economy. The effects of this are still relevant today. Of course this has brought many benefits, but resulting factors such as urbanization and the hunger for industrial and global economic growth has led to many problems, not the least of which is climate change. The Industrial Revolution started in the 18th century and has severely influenced the way humans interact with each other and their environment.
However, it was not always so because the definition of art changed throughout history. 20th century changes (explain what art was before dada, explain the concepts brought by Dadaism, how Dadaism influenced other artists, the movements that came after Dadaism and how they are a result of the same idea, explain Ferdinand de Sassure´s theory of language and its influence in the world of art, explain T.S. Kuhn´s theory of paradigm revolutions and how dada is based on the same principle, explain the death of god Nietzsche´s ideas and how this has a big influence in the perspective of the world that people have, as well as their needs) The Oxford Dictionary of Art defines Dada as “A movement in European art (with manifestations also in New York), c.1915-c.1922, characterized by a spirit of anarchic revolt against traditional values.” This disregard for the traditional views of art flourished in the violent environment that characterized the first part of the 20th century. The horrors seen by the world in the First World War were uncanny, and led to the inevitable questioning of the paradigms that ruled society. Marcel Duchamp, a French American artist that is considered a “(…)leader of the Dada movement(…)” , who is said to have “(…) revolutionized art like almost no other(…)” , was a key character in the questioning of the definition of art.
The Roaring Twenties During the 1920s, Americans were introduced to many new products including ready-made exact size clothing, electric phonographs, electric vacuum cleaners, and radios (The Consumer Economy and Mass Entertainment). As soldiers returned from WWI, they brought new ideas, began to challenge society’s traditions and pushed for women’s independence. The soldiers had seen a new and different world in Europe and wanted to bring those traditions to America (Jarmul). The large sacrifices of the wartime era were no longer a part of everyday life (“The Decade That Roared”). The 1920s were a time of great change in America, especially with the introduction of new products like the automobile and new appliances, along with medical breakthroughs such as the discovery of insulin.
In the 1940’s, many different changes occurred before World War II, during, and even after the war. Some of the changes were subtle, but others, not so much. As the 1940’s approached, it brought upon change regarding American society in the years leading up to World War II. “1940’s fashion arose; like nylon stockings, artificial fiber, and a more heat-resistant nylon“(Du Boff). This change in American culture was most likely due to America’s newly acquired attitude towards innovating and advancing towards a greater modernity.
After the Civil War, new forms of insurance such as fire insurance were developed. Many foreign companies also began to provide various insurance services because they were eager to have a share in such a profitable business. In fact, both nation’s first fire insurance was originated from Great Britain. Shifting from property-casualty, life insurance industry really took off in the 1840s as demand for life insurance grew rapidly with medical advancements and knowledge in consequences of premature death and natural disasters. How the insurance sector was regulated were also similar for both countries.
Conflicts between the new and the old had rose in the decade of prosperity.The new technology of mass production and advertisement encouraged consumerism in the time period. Advertisers used new techniques in selling their product by introducing an ideal and associating their products to the ideal. However, the ideal of the advertisements contradicted with the traditional
Immigration in the first years of the twentieth century had a profound impact on American society, culture and the political landscape. The effect of this immigration helped to determine the United States global persona for the entire century. As larger groups of Western Europeans immigrated to the United States, in the first twenty years, they brought with them, their culture, traditions, and European (old world) mode of thought. When they became vastly intertwined within the culture of the factory towns and metropolitan cities their influence can be seen and felt, their influence on politics and laws are also observed. As we will analyze, the change to the United States was not dramatic, it happened over time, becoming clearly visible