Great Depression Dbq

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The Great Depression was a time period in the United States from the late 1920s to early 1940s, marked by severe unemployment rates nationwide. It had many origins, most notably of which was the Stock Market Crash of October 29th, 1929, also known as “Black Tuesday.” The administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed the crippling unemployment and poverty rates of the Depression by establishing federal work programs to provide much-needed jobs to millions of Americans. Overall, however, this response was only marginally effective, because there was still rampant unemployment and discrimination throughout the duration of these programs. Through the establishment of these programs, the role of the federal government changed from a capitalist…show more content…
The CCC hired approximately 3 million young men and paid for their food, shelter, clothing, and salary to work on environmental causes. Participants of the program planted a combined number of more than 3 billion trees for the purposes of reforestation, and helped improve national parks. The CCC was considered one of the greatest successes of the New Deal by historians, as it hired so many young men, including African Americans. However, it did not hire women, who were also looking for work at the time. Furthermore, segregation was on full display within many CCC camps, which led to African Americans being unable to attain positions of authority, or even hired in the first place, as recounted by Georgia selections director John de la Perriere. Therefore, racial discrimination within the CCC caused it to be less successful than it could have been, as more workers could have been hired without the racist practices that occurred in the program. The intention of the government with the CCC, though, was to improve the environmental landscape, which is something that everyone could benefit from: something Herbert Hoover only addressed with the Taylor Grazing Act, which was not meant to mainly benefit humans. As such, the government’s role became much more socialist during the New Deal than it had been in the past, as it…show more content…
There was still a multitude of workers—the majority of which were non-farm workers—who were unemployed. As Senator Robert Wagner warned, the rapid rate at which the aforementioned work programs were created could only result in “disaster.” This is corroborated by a graph illustrating the time period between 1920 and 1940. According to the graph, at around 1933——the start of the New Deal’s implementation—the amount of nonfarm workers unemployed was about 35%, while in 1940, the percentage was about 23%. Though there was a reduction, it was only by approximately 12%! There were still more people who were unemployed than people who now were after the implementation of the New Deal. Therefore, the New Deal obviously was not creating enough jobs to meet the demand for them—millions of Americans were still unemployed. In fact, unemployment within the United States for non-farm workers was not even reduced by half once 1940 arrived. As such, the federal government’s response to the Great Depression of the New Deal’s work programs was markedly ineffective in rectifying the severely high unemployment rates of the time

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