For example the Temple of Artemis has Gorgons Sculptures that come from the banister or the face of the temples entrance. As time moved on so did the improvements of architectural design. Orientalizing Period in Greece started in 700BCE and ended in 600BCE. This marked the start of Greek architecture due to the huge influx of trade which brought in new ideas from Egypt and NE. “Greeks attributed almost all of the great achievements to Daedalus-master of all arts Daedalic style.” Also trade brought Greeks into direct contact with monumental stone architecture.
This idea did not start with the Greeks but existed in ancient Egyptian culture, where they built temples as places for the gods to reside on earth. In Greek, temples were also the centre of popular gathering purposes such as festivals and sports and artistic competitions, so religion was never far from the mind of an ancient Greek. The most famous expression of classical Greek architecture is the Parthenon of
Greek artists signed their works, which in time made them famous. There are different styles of sculptures (art) first style to appear is the archaic style, Sculptures of human figures started appearing in Ancient Greece they called this period the Archaic period, and they were inspired from Egypt’s techniques but the Greeks adapted their own style and taste into their sculptures. The Greeks used mainly two materials to sculpt which is marble and bronze by the lost wax process. One of the first sculptures to appear was the New York Kouros it was cut out of pure marble and showing the spaces between the legs of the sculpture. In the archaic period, sculptures of females were called Korai the sculptures mainly show who serve Athena (The Greek
Romans were great at mosaic, wall painting and they were also known for creating realistic portraits. Regarding economy, the bases old Greece and old Rome was agriculture. Greeks lived on little wheat creating ranches however had poor days due to shameful agribusiness rehearses while Romans had turned towards estates, delivering olive oil and wine. Socially, both the Greek and Roman believed in a hierarchy. Greece isolated their social frameworks into five classes: slaves, freedmen, natives and ladies.
Ancient Greek shaped the ideas of the what art should look like, and Greek culture plays such an important role of building the foundation of the western civilization. His ideas is absorbing, spreading and developing along with the conquered by Rome. Greece is kind of materialism, they barely believe the world in the mental, they prefer the world is all made by material instead. All the art work is the best example of Greece philosophy of life. The ideas of democracy, wisdom, religion is reflected in the Greek artwork, also represent the ancient people’s intelligence and creativity.
The project was so important that the Romans invented their own recipe for concrete that required individual forms to be made for each varying piece of the building, in order to maximize the building’s durability. The structure was built on a very grand scale as the architects’ intentions may have been to represent their dominance through a building that could be seen above all others in the surrounding area. The current attitude of the militaristic and gods-fearing society of the Romans in that time period was one of power. This building portrays the arch style that is so commonly seen in Roman art, questionably their greatest contribution to art. They used the arches all around the exterior of the arena to hold up great weights and exhibit the power that their city held.
Even though their gods shared the same aspects, the Romans gods were very different from the Greeks. The Roman gods were harsher and didn 't mingle with mortal affairs as often as the Greeks did. The mortals were actually afraid of the gods even though they worshipped them day in and day out. It seemed as though the Romans were forced to believe in the myths out of fear. The people of that time were being told something they couldn’t prove right or wrong, so they agreed to believe out of fear of having a horrible life after death.
Because there was an abundance of Greek art, the Roman’s used it to decorate their buildings and probably the homes of the aristocracy. The presence of Greek philosophy and literature grew in Rome through the influence of the people captured into slavery. Many of these citizens were educated and civilized. They became the teachers to the Roman youth. The Greek and Roman Gods were the same
Roman Architecture is essentially a dialogue between the older, traditional rectilinear forms of the Greek civilization and the early Italic post-and-lintel traditions. However, Concrete allowed the Romans to construct vast spanning vaults, domes and arches, which would often remain standing more than 2000 years later. The Romans incorporated many architectural concepts from earlier civilizations, such as the Etruscans, the Egyptians and the Greek, into their buildings. However, these previous civilizations never tried to roof spaces as wide or as high as the Romans did. Although the best attempts of these early civilizations looked wonderful from the exterior, the interiors depended on a forest of supporting columns, something that Roman buildings didn’t necessarily have to depend