The Seljuk Sultans were a force to be reckoned with in the eastern regions of the Islamic World. Hence Al-Ghazali, realizing their political dominance, declared sultanate or the sovereign power of the sultan or king as the protector and defender of the Caliphate, an institution which he considered essential for the unity of the Islamic World. The challenge of the Shia rulers of Egypt, the Fatimids, was still a threat to the Abbasid Caliphate. Also, a new threat had appeared at the very center of Islamic world, in Palestine and Syria. It was the incursion of the West European Crusaders or the Christian warriors of the Cross.
Han China and Mauryan India had many similarities. They were both bureaucracies, they both had emperors, and both empires established their laws on religious belief. They also had a lot of contrasting ideas for positioning their people, and they had contrasting ideas for their different religious standpoints. One empire put more weight on logic, and the other more on religion.
Macedon soldiers no longer did want to fight against unfamiliar enemies in unknown territories. Later on Persian government executives managed providences of the new empire more badly. In addition to them, when we examine Alexander’s whole life, the effects of Persian culture and his father’s policies constitute important reasons so that he held the weddings.
The word “aristocracy” is a concatenation of “kratos”, meaning rule, and ‘aristoi”, meaning the best (Brouwers, 2015). Athens was governed by aristocracy from the 8th to the 6th centuries B.C: “political power was in the hands of several large aristocratic families or clans (genei) which controlled large areas of Attica, the territory around Athens” (Athenian Agora Excavations, n.d., first paragraph). Tyranny Tyranny may be defined as: “a government in which absolute power is vested in a single ruler” (Merriam Webster, n.d.). The modern connotation of the word tends to involve oppression, but this was not necessarily the case in Ancient Greece – some tyrants were seen as benevolent (Cartwright, 2013).
Which of these two styles do you think is better at getting a message across? It is a fact beyond reasonable doubt that both Neoclassical and Romantic art were used as tools for governments, institutions, and individuals to convey their messages; however, the Romantic art accelerates the intense emotion and create a lasting impact on those that gaze at the work centuries after the production. One element worth remembering about the Neoclassical is that it brings to mind the stark difference between the Rococo era reminiscent of romance and leisure and the strong principles of the Greek democracy and Roman idea of freedom and liberty of the individual. The Neoclassical arts scene is one that indicates or portrays the highest point in the individual’s life and its message was often meant to indoctrinate
The sculptures in Greece are numerous, Greek art is considered greater than the Roman art yet almost half of the art we think is Greek is a Roman copy of Greek’s original. Not all Roman art is imitated from the Greeks. Greek sculptures measurements were related to human scale and organic form of the human body (anatomy). Greek artists signed their works, which in time made them famous.
The Catholic Church and Latin America The Catholic Church was a great power ruling many civilizations in Europe during the period between 1492 and 1830. Therefore, the role of the Catholic Church was of utmost importance to the colonization and development of Latin America as it was a great force in Spain and Portugal. Despite the peaceful teachings of the Church, greed and a hunger for power led them to make decisions harming Latin America and Christianity, rather than thriving it. In this paper, I will show that the Catholic Church is significantly responsible for the colonization and development of Latin America through, the Christianizing mission, the Treaty of Tordesillas, and the Spanish Inquisition.
These radical changes made to the Christian church allowed for imperial involvement in the religious cult, but it also allowed for a new power and influence of the church on politics and governing of the Roman Empire. The advance in power and status of Christian leaders has been maintained still in modern eras. Although it is debatable whether Christian leaders are as significant and powerful as the period of Constantine’ rule, it is blatantly obvious how Constantine and his Christianization marked the stepping stones for a lot of political and religious relations, as still seen today in the collaboration of the Queen of England and the Pope (Lenski,
In addition Augustine wrote that sometime war is necessary and this war is just when it meets three main conditions: It should have a just cause, legitimate authority (refer to previous sentence) and it should have the “right intentions”. These preconditions were already in place by the time when Pope Urban II called for the first crusade. The cause was the direct threat from Muslims who already occupied part of “Christendom” in the west of the shore of the Mediterranean and part of Byzantine Empire. The legitimate authority, the power “granted by god” was in place as the Pope and other religious leaders themselves were the ones leading the war.
Divide n rule / religion The ‘divide and rule’ policy was used by the British, as a mechanism to maintain imperial rule, which gave rise to communalism in the Indian society. The policy identifies pre-existing ethno-religious divisions in society and then manipulates them in order to prevent the subject peoples to unify and challenge the rulers. Through this policy, they were also able to simply create further division among the two main components of the Indian society. Many Historians said that the British adopted this strategy to strengthen the Raj.
During the Tudor dynasty a diverse range of conflicts and rebellions occurred. After Henry VIII breached with Rome in 1533 the threat of religion increased leading to multiple revolts. This resulted Elizabeth, the last monarch of the Tudors, left to overcome various problems which threatened the Queen such as; the religious issues caused by the Spanish Armada linking with the rebellions she had to also overcome, the Northern Rebellion, and finally foreign policy, threatened by the Anglo Spanish relations causing great threats for the Virgin Queen. However, Elizabeth did overcome religious threats by the end of her reign, despite the unstable country she was left in by her rebellious sister Mary, her father Henry VIII and grandfather Henry VII,
2. Assess the role of the Crusades in the idea of Europe. The Idea of Europe had a very extreme aim to form “a common European identity,” and their base principles were “Christianity and democracy.” In this manner, the ones having this idea were violent to other nations, religions, regimes, and states, such as Ottomans, Islam, Empire, and Communism. This discrimination emerged from thinking differently and selfishly against other beliefs, religions, and “cultural practices.”
Charlemagne’s empire in medieval Europe and the Roman empire were both very significant, impressive, and influential. The two empires can easily be compared, because they are very similar and had similar effects. Both had many accomplishments in war, government, and religion. One of their biggest accomplishments was the size of their empires, both obtained a large peace of land. Though there are many similarities, there are some differences between them.
In the Classical era, two very comparable empires carried out the cycle of rising and falling on the far western and eastern ends of Eurasia. While only Rome had to struggle to grow from a single city to an enormous empire, both Rome and Han China rose to power on the backs of their brutal armies. And, the fall of both empires negatively impacted the life of common people as well as the cultivation of culture across Eurasia. In the beginning of its reign, the Roman empire labored to grow from an impoverished city-state into a more expansive political force.
While both the ancient Roman Empire and Tang dynasty have long since fallen, many lessons can be learned from how these two once great Empires were able to expand as well as maintain their empire. These strategies have stood the test of time and are still relevant today. Even during different time periods as well as in different regions in the world, several of the same strategies were used by both empires. Their ability to expand their territory and create significant innovations would aid to the success of their respective empire along with leave a lasting mark on history.