King Phillip II of Macedonia was held as a hostage while he was young in the leading city of Greece at the time, Thebes. While being held hostage there Philip received both a military and diplomatic education. Philip returned to Macedonia in 364 BC and took the throne due to the deaths of his older brothers in 359 BC. Philip’s great military skills allowed him to use diplomacy to push back the Paionians and Thracians and also allowed him to dominate the three-thousand hoplites in 359 BC. In 338 BC the Battle of Chaeronea allowed King Philip to unify all of Greece, excluding Sparta.
When Alexander was 18, he became the military captain.(“McGill”). But soon after that, Alexander became king of Macedon. After Alexander had a firm grip over Greece, he organized a campaign against the Persians.(“McGill”). Before Alexander left Greece with his army, he went to the town of Delphi to consult the oracle of Apollo. Alexander demanded that the oracle tell him of his future and his campaign.
The following text will mention about the Ancient sports that were competing in Greece and the differences between Today's Olympics and Ancient Greece's Olympics. Firstly, a brief information about the Olympics itself. There are no certain information about how and why the games started but there are some myths.
Callimachus, in his Hymn to Artemis, attributed it to the Amazons. In the 7th century BC, the old temple was destroyed by a flood. Its reconstruction began around 550 BC, under the Cretan architect Chersiphron and his son Metagenes, at the expense of Croesus of Lydia: the project took 10 years to complete, only to be destroyed in an act of arson by Herostratus. It was later
Name: Mohammed Alkhaldi Instructor: Brett McCormick Exam 1 The Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War occurred between the years from 431 to 404 BC. It was a historical ancient Greek war which was fought in Athens by Athenians and its entire empire against Sparta which led the Peloponnesian League. In order to fully understand the causes of the war, it is important first to know the principle parties that were involved in the war. The Peloponnesian War involved two principle groups which were the Peloponnesian states, Sparta and Athens.
Brutus’s Downfall In The “Tragedy of Julius Caesar” by William Shakespeare Marcus Brutus is the main character. “The Tragedy of Julius Caesar” is set in the ancient Roman Republic on the eve of the assassination of Julius Caesar. The play, Julius Caesar, is about a group of Roman senators who believe the only way to preserve the Roman Republic is to assassinate Caesar and to prevent an emperor from taking control of Rome and destroying the democracy of Rome. The play starts when Caesar returns from victory over the First Triumvirate and Shakespeare introduces the major characters of the play.
As the Persian militia moved, it destroyed Athenian cities. The Athenians eventually led the Persians to a trap and the Greeks ultimately won. Although the Spartans were defeated twice and had their pride wounded, they defeated the Persians at Plataea. Bitter and resentful at the loss of the battle of marathon, the Persian king Xerxes led a massive attack at Thermopylae and crushed the Greeks. This loss did not destroy the Greek’s spirit, as the sacrifice of several hundred
Ancient Greece was devided in two periods: Hellenistic and Classical Greece. The Hellenistic period covers the time of ancient Greek (Hellenic) history and Mediterranean history between the passing of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the rise of the Roman Empire as connoted by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the consequent triumph of Ptolemaic Egypt the next year. Classical Greece was a time of around 200 years ( 5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture. This Classical period saw the addition of quite a bit of cutting edge Greece by the Persian Empire and its resulting autonomy. Classical Greece affected the Roman Empire and on the establishments of western human advancement.
Oedipus’ Costume in Tyrone Guthrie’s Oedipus Rex, 1957 “Oedipus Rex” or “Oedipus the King” is a tragedy play written by the ancient Greek playwright, Sophocles. This play told a story of King of Thebes, who discovered that he has unwittingly killed his own father, Laius, and married his own mother, Iocasta. Over the centuries, “Oedipus Rex” has been considered as Sophocles’ masterpiece (Mastin). On January 1, 1957, a filmed version of Oedipus Rex directed by Tyrone Guthrie, was released by Motion Picture Distributors, Inc. The film was based on the translation and adaptation done by William Butler Yeats.
Just this time last year, Xerxes’ mass armed forces of 150,000 men and a 600 ship navy stormed the pass at Thermopylae to avenge his father 's defeat at Marathon. Here marked the beginning of Sparta’s quest to victory. The invasion that began following the Greek revolt of 499- 94 BC ,as a punitive attack by Persia against a collection of disunited city states, ended this past week in one of the most critical battles of our time. North of Athens, on the far side of a mountain range that separated Attica from Boeotia, the contest would be decided.
Alexander the Great is one of the most famous people in our world’s history. He achieved great challenges no other man could do. Alexander himself said, “There is nothing impossible to him who will try.” His achievments prove this quote without a doubt. Alexander of Macedon was born in 356 BCE to King Philip and his wife Olympia.
Early Romans wore very simple styles of jewelry that represented Greek culture, but as their empire grew and more countries were conquered, the wealth of the Romans grew. This meant that their jewelry became more intricate and colourful and that every conquered civilisation’s way of life influenced the type of jewelry they made. The Romans managed to collect different ideas from their many conquered nations. They adapted them for their use and the use of future generations after them.
The Olympics began centuries upon centuries ago. Most people today recognize the Olympics as a game between countries where skilled athletes from many parts of the world come to compete. But, people may not know or understand how the Olympics came to be, and what contributing factors influenced ancient civilizations and society. In these next paragraphs, I will be explaining the benefits of the ancient Olympic games.