As mentioned before, ancient Greece was inspired by the human body, and how beautiful it is. The origin of sculpting and modeling the human body started there in Greece. The sculpture called "Discobolus" is one of the most well-known works of art ever created. Typically, an easy way to know if a work of art is famous, inspiring, or simply amazing is if it has been replicated. Discobolus has been (Document 9).
One of the most memorable and important pieces of architect from the Hellenistic Greek era would be the Altar of Zeus at Pergamon in western Turkey. The altar was commissioned in the first half of the second century (166- 156 BC) during the rule of King Eumenes II or Attalos II to commemorate territorial victories over Pontos and Bithynia. The Altar was also dedicated to Zeus and Athena in gratitude for their help in the war against the Galatians (aka: barbarians) that were threatening the Pergamane Empire from the east. The Altar of Zeus is very well known for its very grand design and also for it’s frieze, which wraps 370 feet around the base of the altar, depicting gigantomachy (the struggle between gods and the giants). The statue as a whole is thought to have been designed by Phyromachos of Athens, the last of the greatest sculptors from Ancient Greece.
Eratosthenes also helped in the advancement of geography. Not only did Greece have great thinkers, but it also made way for architecture and sports. In all we may not have the things we do today if it weren’t for some guys in Greece long ago. Greek architecture has influenced many modern and old buildings, especially with their columns. First, doric columns are special because of their simplicity.
Built by king Attalos II, the stoa of Attalos is a perfect example of the concept of the ancient Greeks stoas. Like Greeks stoas, the stoa of Attalos contained double colonnades with a row of galleries and markets behind the colonnades. In addition, the stoa had two different orders of Greek columns. The rooms of the building were lighted through aisles and small windows. The structure was built from the local materials for ancient Greek.
Ancient Rome left tremendous legacies such as technological advancements, religious beliefs and governmental structures that shaped the world today. The Romans conquered many territories and took on their cultures as well, in particular the Ancient Greek culture. Ancient Greek civilizations played a major role in the history and development of the Ancient Rome civilization. The Ancient Greeks influenced the social structure, religion and military strength of Ancient Rome. The Ancient Greeks’ renowned use of democracy influenced Ancient Rome’s government structure.
Likewise, the Gupta Empire classified over 1000 different diseases and had traveling troupes of actors to perform plays. On the contrary, Athens was heavily art focused as it is seen in their sculptures which reflect balance, proportion, and perfection while in the Gupta Empire making discoveries was a main goal, as they discovered the earth was round. Even though the two Golden Ages had different mindsets of culture, the vast culture enriched the citizens to make the Golden Age in Athens and the Gupta Empire more
These two polis demonstrate the variation of power seen in ancient Greece. Sparta is well known for having had a military state with fierce warriors. While Athens is well known for having been the birthplace of democracy. The spartans had a scarcity of land and therefore set out to invade Laconia. In 730 B.C., Sparta invaded and took control of Messenia although they were a bigger and stronger city.
The Renaissance era was the period immediately following the Middle Ages in Europe that involved the great revival of interests in the classical learning and values of ancient Greece and Rome. During the early Renaissance era, there was art. Art from the Renaissance period emphasized values from the Greek and roman cultures with creating the nude as an ideal figure, in order to somewhat capture the natural representation some ideals from classical Greek based on balance and proportion. Three renaissance works that demonstrate these influences are done by Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo. Donatello was one of the greatest Florentine sculptor of the Renaissance era, before Michelangelo [1386-1466] and was the most significant unique artist of the 15th century in Italy.
Giza was so grand it was said that it was a staircase to the sun. Finally Ramses temple, which surpassed all of the other Pharaohs temples. All of these Pharaohs changed Egypt in the way that they lived, but these three were the ones that brought the most change through their lives and actions. Zoser was the first King of the third dynasty. During his 19 year reign he brought the end to a seven year famine, and also brought them into a golden age, and he built the step pyramid.
Ancient Greece can be characterized into several distinct periods, each embodying their own unique traits and characteristics. Two of the most prominent eras are the Classical Period- a time of Greek intellectual growth and discovery - and the sequential Hellenistic period, characterized by the spread of Greek culture into surrounding areas. These two periods are separated by the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, causing the disunion of a once powerful and widespread nation. Because Greek culture had been so prominent, and Alexander’s rule so influential, many aspects from Ancient Greece’s Classical Period carried over into the new era. These continuities includes the presence of conflict, the use of novel Greek military formations, and grandiose architecture.