Greek Civilization Impact

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Over the past centuries where the world has slowly been constantly evolving, many civilizations were formed by different ethnics and races ever since 3500 BC being the earliest. Ancient civilizations are often formed from small isolated groups of people. From then on, communities were formed and then societies which then finally becomes a civilization. Over the course of years, civilization played a big role in developing modernization and instilling what we call culture and religion in our daily lives today. Many ancient civilizations in the past were particularly famous and contributed significantly to the world today. One of those civilizations being the Ancient Greek, has made quite some impacts in societies of the past. Article by…show more content…
The most famous and important figures are the Twelve Olympians that reside atop Mount Olympus. They are considered to be the most prominent figures that the Greeks worshipped. According to an article written by Greek Gods and Goddesses (2010), each God and Goddess in Greek mythology has dominion over certain aspects of nature; for example, Zeus who ruled over the sky and was deemed the Sky-God that was in charge of law, justice and order. Another famous figure would be Poseidon, the God that garners over the sea and protector of all waters. The Greeks would believe that whenever he was angry, he would strike the sea with his trident to create storms and earthquakes. Due to that they often worshipped him to ensure he was happy and satisfied. Not only that, there were also Gods in charge of the nature aspect but Greek mythology also consisted of deities who ruled over specific abstract concepts of traits; for instance Aphrodite, the Goddess who controls the power of love, beauty and fertility. Most Greeks glorified her because she possesses the two qualities that all humans share; love and passion. Most Greeks worshipped her mainly to ensure that they are able to find a partner and have a harmonious family that comes with good fertility meaning successful childbirths. Another well-known God would be Apollo who is the God of music, knowledge, and…show more content…
They believed an underworld exists where spirits of the dead wandered around after death. They trusted that the gods would take care of them when they died or passed on. Article by The Metropolitan Museum of Art (2003), states that the ancient Greek’s conception of the afterlife and the rituals were associated with burial and was already well established by 600 B.C. In the ‘Odyssey’, a Greek poem attributed to Homer describes that the Underworld, deep beneath the earth, is where Hades, the brother of Poseidon and Zeus with his wife, Persephone, reigned over crowds of shadowy figures. Therefore the Greeks believed that they would be under their care after death. Believing so, they would prepare the deceased for burial according to specific time-honored rituals to ensure that they enter the underworld safely. Offers and sacrifices were also made to the dead to honor them and have their
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