Mythology is the collection of myths that denotes commonly cultural and religious beliefs of ancient human beings. The elements of it were usually the involvement of god, goddess and heroes. In addition, it was based on a man’s desire, beliefs and ideas. It also told the natural occurrence and its main purpose was to teach people moral lessons. One of the example of Greek mythology is the divine hero of ancient Greece his name was Heracles, but people knew him as Hercules.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer Questions 1. What does Bonhoeffer mean by the term “cheap grace”? Factually, By the term “cheap grace” Bonhoeffer was referring to a multitude of things. Quoted from his book, Cost of Discipleship, he said “The preaching of forgiveness without requiring repentance, baptism without Church discipline,” are among many phrases he used to describe “Cheap Grace.” He also used phrases like “Communion without confession,” and “absolution without contrition.” He after stated that he rejects such teaching, as is apparently being preached nowadays. Bonhoeffer was willing to pay the price if it meant rejecting those ideas.
Joseph answers this debate beautifully with his four functions of Myths. Starting with mystical function, cosmological dimension, sociological and the last pedagogical means to teach humans how to live under any circumstance. Through mythological stories from ancient time through recognition of events of current cult classes like Star Wars, Matrix or stories of living people in current history told as a hero’s journey. Wondering if Mr. Campbell would see if the self-help industry adapting mythology with psychology, philosophy, and religion. Understanding that most people see religion separate from mythology being a belief system.
Asking the invisible for more is rude. It might seem also wrong for many of us that are religious to call God “invisible” in this writing. Only because he is not invisible he “lives through the church and our hearts.” Even if there was a God, why do we tend to ask him for more. Have we grown lazy enough that we ask the invisible for the impossible? To change things that are ruled by nature.
Both of the characters have religious beliefs that they constantly pray to and rely on. Gilgamesh prays to his higher powered gods, like Anu, for guidance and protection. Beowulf only prays to one god the entire time, thus hinting the Christian aspect in the epic poem Beowulf. Both of them rely heavily on their respective Gods for help and guidance. Most people during the time Beowulf was written were part of the Christian faith, while the people during the time of Gilgamesh were all polytheistic.
The two types are creation and explanatory. Gods were worshipped at sacred sites and temples in all major greek communities by the priests. Athena was chosen for her courageousness and for being unique, not the typical cliche reasons like “She wore armor” , “She fought in wars and kicked butt”. In all honesty, she is very different from the other gods / goddesses. She may be a well known goddess but the reason why she is well known is because of what she has done for the Greek Civilization and why still till this day she is praised for what she has done and has that title.
In the Odyssey written by Homer, The Real Reasons we Explore Space by Michael Griffin, and They Journey by Mary Oliver, they support the idea that people embark on journeys to find out new things about others and learn more of themselves. The following examples in these texts were written by people of very different backgrounds. Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey which is a continuation of the Iliad’s story. People have long argued whether Homer actual existed or if he was falsely credited for the creation of these books. The ancient Greeks credited him with the writing of these tales.
In early literate civilizations, religion was largely characterized by the worship of and reverence for a collective body of deities that explain natural phenomena. These conceptual Gods played an incessant role in developing human consciousness, dictating both human thought and action. It is unsurprising, then, that the Gods of Homer’s Iliad direct the course of the epic’s characters and even the Trojan war itself. Indeed, the Iliad anthropomorphizes these divine beings and frequently showcases their interactions with both one another and the Trojan and Achaean soldiers, whether in the form of direct contact, prayer, or prophecy. Given Homer’s “distinguished, inclusive, and elastic” vision of the gods, Scholar Roy Hack proposes that Homer was a personal polytheist, signified further by his envisioned world being “effectively governed (throughout) by divine power.” Contrary to this, the actions of the Gods in the Iliad are often antithetical to the grandiose descriptions of their reputations and abilities found in other Greek literature.
Through the concept of Greek mythology, individuals can learn prodigious stories about consequences and rewards through the twelve gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus. However, it also allows individuals to look back on history and see what the Ancient Greek people used to think and do; especially, with the works of art that made these stories last potentially forever. Moreover, Ancient Greek language and literature and is still highly recognized, especially works like the Odyssey by Homer, and the use of Greek letters in everyday life. Also, great philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle have greatly influenced science and politics through their use of observation. Moreover, math, science, English, art, and religion could have possibly been hindered, and/or not the way it is today, if not for the influence from the Ancient Greeks.