Furthermore they were extremely notorious for their fierce naval fleet and remarkable philosophers, however their greed and rapid power was inevitably their demise. The empire initially began in 479 BC, when the greek city states united in order to beat Persia, in the Persian War. Later on, Athens was assigned to command the fleet and therefore the entire Delian league. Before long, Athens controlled
During the Archaic age of Greece, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city states. This period was the golden age of Greece, as it experienced expansive amounts of wealth and power. Athens and Sparta were deemed opposites, Athens being the “good guys” and Sparta being the “bad guys”. However, this idea is incorrect. Athens established the Delian League with their “allies” in order to “fight against the Persians” but this alliance was just a pawn in the Athenian chess game.
when the Macedonian army defeated Thebes and Athens and took over. They wanted to take control, but they were defeated by the Macedonians and under their rule. Their government had still been functioning, but under Macedonian rule. The government should be restored because they were successful until the point of the war and even after being attacked by all the opposing city states. The effects were that all citizens had a say in government decisions for war and other choices they had to make.
The guerilla tactics crippled the British. They have never seen this style of fighting before and were not ready. The surprise attacks could not be stopped. The British did not expect to be fighting a war like this and had no idea how to counter it. The Americans strategy was t use guerilla warfare and it worked for them the British were completely thrown off guard by this and it cost them the war in the
He then set off and conquered Egypt, the Persian Empire, and won a hard battle against India before his troops forced him to return home. Alexander then died at the age of 32. Most people see Alexander as Great because he conquered a lot of land, built a massive empire, and was a military genius, but Alexander was not so great. Alexander the Great did not deserve his title as Great because he gained his power by fear, killed innocent
Many of the roots of modern intellectual ideas and philosophies have stemmed from the ideas and philosophies of the ancient Greeks. While many other cultures had some impact, the Greeks most definitely had the most influence on modern math and science. Most notably, “the three Athenians that would come to dominate philosophy for the next 2000 years: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle”(p8). These three philosophers, along with many others from in or around ancient Greece set the foundation for Western intellect today. The communication abilities and location of ancient Greece allowed them to not only gather information about the ideas of diverse cultures around the world but also to have skepticism about the information and determine what was true.
The Persian line cannot hold against the Greek infantry. Throughout the day, many Persian troops die but only a few Greeks. On the second day of battle, the Persians lose many more. Xerxes learns of a trail that leads behind the Greeks ' position and sends
The conquer was a success, and the Median Empire became expanded. By the year 550 BCE, Cyrus wanted to rebel against the Medes, To accomplish this he needed to unite his companions of local tribes to defeat the admirable Median Empire. As he built his men, he also had to consider in a very wise way to set up a strategy that will not fail the invasion. Successfully, he gained full control of the Median Empire with the help of local tribes, friends, and kinsmen. “The Medes ruled the Persians until 550 BCE, when the tables were turned by Cyrus the Great.” King Cyrus the Great knew that he needed to make the Persian Empire stronger, if he wished to expand
The Saratoga campaign was a series of battles fought during the months of June through October in 1777 in New York. During these battles it was Arnold who led the Americans to defeat Britain’s chalenging army. Although it was General Horatio Gates who was in charge it was Arnold’s action that helped lead them to victory. During the Battle of Saratoga, the continental army was retreating but Arnold would not accept that.
Agamemnon knew that if they beat Troy, then he would control a major passage of trade which would make him the undisputed ruler of all of Greece. But, while all the kings gathered in Greece, the gods would not send a fair wind for the ships to sail. Agamemnon said, “Give me a fair wind and a hope of glory if it will cost me my kingdom and my life.” He is then told by the Greek prophet, Calchas, that the king would have to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia at the temple of Artemis in order to sail. Agamemnon was shocked, and refrained from doing anything. Yet, when the days grew long and the kings began to blame Agamemnon, he feared the kings would leave.
After a long and bitter struggle, the Greek city-states emerged victorious. Persia was beaten back. What caused this? How did a huge empire like Persia get defeated by a bunch of city-states? The first thing that put the odds in Greece’s favor was their will and spirit.
Darius I shifted his forces to the bay at Marathon. Highly outnumbered, the Athenians boldly confronted and defeated the Persians and forced them to renounce further invasion plans. Xerxes, son of Darius now sought the blood of his enemies. In 480 BC, Xerxes overpassed the Hellespont via the twin bridges he ordered to be constructed. The Greeks had insufficiently
Even though they beat the persian army in the persian war, that led to bad things. Since Athens navy was getting all the recognition for the win, Athens got lots of money from other greek city-states to protect them. This sparked a flare in other city-states like sparta. That all created the Peloponnesian war and Athens downfall. It 's hard to believe, but winning the persian war really made one of greece’s biggest city-states have a giant downfall.
In 479 Pausanias commanded the Greek army that defeated the Persians at Plataea, effectively ending the Persian threat to mainland Greece (Greco-Persian Wars). He commanded the largest Greek contingent at the battle, but his control of his fellow Spartans wasn 't complete. A key moment of the battle came when the Greek army decided to move from an exposed position without easy access to water to a new position near Plataea. When the move began Amompharetus, 'lochagos of the Pitanata lochos ', one of the Spartan officers, refused to take part in the movement, on the grounds that Spartans didn 't retreat. Pausanias was unable to
Athens organized a group of Greek city states into the Delian League and eventually lead and dominated all of the city states in the League. Athens’s military prowess allowed them to look down on the other members of the League and treat them as members of an empire instead of equals. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. The direct democracy of Athens wasn’t actually as inclusive and steady as the statement at Pericles 's funeral state, “Our Constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people (Doc C).” In fact, of the 450,000 citizens of Athens in 430 BC, only about 40,000 people had the power to vote. This group of people only included white male citizens, meaning that slaves, foreign born residents, women and some men who hadn’t obtained citizenship couldn’t vote (Doc D).