One of the defining Greek institutions that came out of this system was the rule of law, which most of the major cities followed their own version of it. “Aristotle and his students apparently documented the constitutions of of some 170 different city-states.”. The rule of law helped establish a unifying order among the polis’ and sense conformity that created a national understanding of civil order. Although not a law, a critical component of greek values was Xenia, their hospitality. Xenia was a concept known throughout the Aegean according to Homer, as it can be seen throughout the Odyssey, from Alcinous promising Odyssey that since “you have reached my house I doubt not you will get home without further misadventure no matter how much you have suffered in the past.
Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
Some of the similarities that can be found in their temples include “the use of marble columns, a wide front porch, and an enclosed sanctuary”. (C. Muscato, https://study.com/academy/lesson/greek-etruscan-influences-on-roman-art.html). Some of the similarities that can be found in their temples include “the use of marble columns, a wide front porch, and an enclosed sanctuary”. (C. Muscato) Even writings of Greek Philosophers were translated into Latin for the Roman people. Cicero, a Roman philosopher, felt the need and importance to make these Greek texts available to the Romans in their native language.In addition, it is interesting how if wealthy Romans wanted to further their education, they often took classes at Greek schools.
A putting modification seems in Greek art of the seventh century B.C., the start of the Archaic amount. The abstract geometric patterning that was dominant between regarding 1050 and 700 B.C. is supplanted within the seventh century by an additional realistic vogue reflective important influence from the Middle East and Egypt. The commerce stations within the Levant and therefore the Nile Delta, continued Greek formation within the east and west, still as contact with japanese craftsmen, notably on island and Cyprus, impressed Greek artists to figure in techniques as numerous as gem cutting, ivory carving, jewellery creating, and metalwork. They introduced palmette and lotus compositions, animal hunts, and such composite beasts as griffins, sphinxes, and sirens.Greek artists quickly assimilated foreign designs and motifs into new portrayals of their own myths and customs, thereby shaping the foundations of Archaic and Ancient Greek art.
During this time the conquests of Alexander the Great helped to export Greek art Eastward throughout the world. The rest of the known world could now combine techniques with the ones perfected in the Classical period to create works that were "Greek like." The term literally means "to imitate Greeks." Hellenistic art is mainly identified by its use of illusion to increase realism as seen on coins and in sculpture. Building upon the Classical era sculptors were creating intricate, narrative scenes, depicting dramatic emotion that appeared to be disconnected from the background when part of temple architecture and three dimensional on its base such as this piece http://earlyworldhistory.blogspot.com/2012/03/hellenistic-art.html and although much of Greek art has disappeared it 's influence
The fantasy of nature and society and the admire of god’s shape and personality makes the sculpture more multiple and abundant. It is initiate the innovate art style and help the next generation that how to continued to shaped western art culture, such as Rome period and Renaissance period. Every sculpture is a story about gods, heroes, religions and culture in general, Rome even actually copies some of the art works just for showing his respect and love. Some of the sculptures we can see right now for the ancient greek, it is actually the copies during the Roman period. The timeless idealized art work
The Archaic sculpture of the Kore dates from the 7th century BCE, when the Greeks were evolving from their Dark Age. An Early Archaic style was termed as "Daedalic." This style was named after Daedalus, who is said to be the one of the first creators of making statues in antiquity design. This frontality, which was often used in Egyptian art as well as in earlier Greek reliefs, is suggestive for the origin of Daedalic sculpture. Standing at 75 centimeters tall, The Kore is a taller sculptures than what the Greeks worked with traditionally compared to works of art like Man and Centaur(750 BCE) which stood at 11 centimeters.
That being said, the museum would have many features for which the Roman are known for including archs, mosaics. domes, and spiral stairs. These features would not only draw attention to the public building due to their aesthetic properties, but they would also make the museum iconic by adding size to the monument. Size is important because the bigger the building the harder it will be to overlook or to demolish. To increase my chances of attaining public office building a monument that employs Roman architectural design is essential.
Rome ultimately became the place for religious, political and social institutions. Roman art however was influenced and inspired by Greek art. The Egyptian and Near East civilization also influenced Roman culture throughout history. The Romans appreciated the arts and Greek culture. After the Greece dominated,
“The Egyptians had based their art on knowledge. The Greeks began to use their eyes.” (E.H. Gombach, 2016) Many of the ideas and designs were inherited in the classical Greece art such as the revolution of foreshortening and the idea of presenting idols that represented youth, strength and power. However, the art was more simplistic and much clearer arrangement, however, still based on idealistic ideas which were highly exploited in the Hellenistic era that followed. Even though the Romans inherited a lot from previous art eras, they wanted their art to be more related to the real world, developing a more human character to each individual piece of art. This transition can be seen between the two figures