Considering that Rome’s citizens believed in the gods the Pantheon in Rome Italy is a great representation since it was created for all gods. Ranging from the columns to the dome and the magnificent art in the inside of the Pantheon they all play a significant part in demonstrating important events. Its amazingly constructed dome being one of the largest at the time illustrated their knowledge and power in creating a temple. This temple however was not initially built by Romans but rather Athenians and was not claimed to be Roman until later when Romans started to invade more parts of the cities. The architecture was reconstructed by Hadrian and the credit was given to Augustus as Hadrian did not take it.
Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece are very well known for their impact on Architecture and design, both are well respected because of the contribution they in the world of design. However, many Roman techniques and structure are much more thought of when looking at ancient architecture. How were monumental architectural structures such as the basilica, aqueducts, amphitheatre, influenced by ancient Greece? Such influence can be clearly seen in following : Columns, Temples and Basilicas , Theaters, and Materials used. Most of these Roman structures and techniques sparked with Greek influences and became a roaring fire.
But, Olympia contrasts Delphi in its setting and buildings, as well as personality. Ritual in Olympia focused at the tomb of Pelops and the main alter. On the sides of the sanctuary stood the temple of Zeus and the early Archaic temple of Hera. Similar to what was found at Delphi, there was also a series of treasuries, yet they were not as elaborate in detail. The temple of Zeus was built purely in Doric order with the materials that did not hold up so well including local limestone, covered with stucco, and with the sculpture and certain architectural details of Parian marble.
Parthenon was the city’s treasury where it housed many pounds of silver. The Parthenon was the largest building located in Acropolis. It was completed in late fifth century and was made entirely of marble. In 480 BCE the Parthenon was destroyed by the Persians. The Athenians then rebuilt the temple more striking features and much bigger.
Starting with the Roman Republican period, the introduction of portraits of important Roman people is used to allow the Romans to express their great lineage and for emperors and senators to reveal their own importance. One of the first portraits seen in this period in particular that relates to the Kelsey Museum Head of man portrait is the marble Head of an Old Man, from Osimo, Italy, mid-first century BCE. This Osimo Old Man head is most likely an important figure in the Republican time because the veristic style of exaggerated old wrinkly, leathery face expressed through many deep set lines and the straight, thin mouth and seriousness of his face to convey wisdom and experience. This hyper realness (verism) is not seen in the Kelsey Head of a man, nonetheless, the man is aged with more realistic wrinkles and has a straight thin line mouth and serious look on this portrait. The portrait of Vespasian, marble, 75-79 CE, also made from marble and from Flavian (his family name) period, favors the Head of a Man much more.
A lot of people were guessing who was this figure? Since Greek sculptures were made as a symbol of a victory, some people believed the boxer was the athlete, Polydamas. He was an athlete of legendary strength and is represented as a heroic mythical athlete. Stylists Analysis- Seated Boxer Seated Boxer is a masterpiece of Greek ancient sculpture by an unknown artist. Seated Boxer is a life-size nude boxer in bronze.
Many deities are believed to be golden colored, also most royal tombs inside are made of pure gold. Copper was the most common metal for everyday use in ancient Egypt so it was not particularly hard for them to make bronze since bronze is just copper with a tin alloy and when the two metals are alloyed there is a high increase in hardness and sharpness of the blade. Before they found out about bronze most weapons were made of copper but it was obvious how much sharper and stronger bronze was. Bronze made the dagger very powerful when used against an enemy, though strength of the soldier using it still mattered. To make metals craftable they used an Egyptian heating process called smelting to removing the impurities of the ores and make it into something good to work with.
Triumphal scenes can also be seen elsewhere, especially on Trajan 's Column where there are images of Roman combats during the Dacian wars. In conformity with Kamm, A., & Graham, A. (2014), the Romans used many materials when designing sculptures, these comprise of stone, metals and glass. not long before the middle
During the Archaic period the sculpted figures were more abstract geometric patterning, idealism, symmetrical and stiff. The purposes for the sculptures were designed as decorations of cult statues, religious buildings, or as honor reminder of the deceased/god. All statues of archaic period were in fact painted with very bright colors in the lips, hair, and other body parts. On page 117 “During the Archaic phase of Greek sculpture, freestanding representations of the male youth (kouros) retain the rigid verticality of tree trunks from which earlier Greek sculptures were carved“(Fiero). Most of the free-standing Greek sculptures from the Archaic era - resembled Egyptian statues in both shape and posture.
Pheidias, the most famous sculptor of the period and also a mathematician, applied these calculations to sculpture. The calculations were also used in part in the construction of the Parthenon. The use of the formula in sculpture resulted in masterful, realistic creations of the human form. "Grave Stele with a Family Group" is an example of sculpture from the period using marble as the medium created as a funerary monument http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/11.100.2. This time in Greece is also referred to as the "Golden Age."
I believe the art design around the pot heavily influenced today 's pottery which most are light brown to brown in color. The craftsmen who made these Alabastrons were very skilled to have made the pots in nearly a perfect circular shape around the edges. The ancient Greek civilization in general introduced so much ideas and inventions that we still use today. Unfortunately, we take all these inventions for granted and not appreciate these valuable
Roman Arches ￼Vanni Archive/Corbis Arches have existed for roughly 4,000 years, but the ancient Romans were the first to effectively harness their power in the construction of bridges, monuments and buildings. The ingenious design of the arch allowed the weight of buildings to be evenly distributed along various supports, preventing massive Roman structures like the Colosseum from crumbling under their own weight.. Along with columns, domes and vaulted ceilings, the arch became one of the defining characteristics of the Roman architectural style. Battlefield Surgery ￼G. Nimatallah/De Agostini/Getty
They introduced palmette and lotus compositions, animal hunts, and such composite beasts as griffins, sphinxes, and sirens.Greek artists quickly assimilated foreign designs and motifs into new portrayals of their own myths and customs, thereby shaping the foundations of Archaic and Ancient Greek art. This noble figure of a youth is one among the earliest separate marble statues from territory, the region around Athens. it 's a kind of sculpture referred to as a kouros, characteristically portrayed nude with the left leg striding forward and hands tight at the aspect. Most kouroi were created within the Archaic period, between the late seventh and early fifth centuries B.C., and area unit believed to own served as grave markers or as dedications within the sanctuary of a