To an extant, their governments never really achieved the idea of all are equal before the law. Apart from these parallels, they have many differences, for instance, Athens was heading towards ‘one man one vote’ which reflects its social progress and its right direction in becoming a democratic state. However, “The Sparta system combined elements of apartheid, oligarchy, monarchy, militarism, terroistic secret police…and democracy all
Sparta had two kings born into the position making them similar to a true monarchy. At the same time Sparta was involved in an oligarchy, It had a group of senior members who called all the shots. The Spartans were also involved in tyranny, the helots were treated like dogs and were under constant attack from the Spartans. In Athens it was almost as confused. Athens was a democracy which should have given all an equal opportunity, however one had to have wealth to obtain power lending it more toward an aristocracy.
The government in ancient Athens was governed by a radical democratic system from 508-322 B.C. and was very different in its size and how the system allowed all males to participate in the government. The Peloponnesian War effected their government when the oligarchy party overthrew the democracy and replaced it with the modern regime of the Five Thousand. Athenians spent almost 100 year fighting to restore democracy and defeat the Spartans and their allies the Persians. Their style of government goes back even before the Peloponnesian War around the time of 620 B.C.
The Boule could choose which topic to be discussed and which not to. The Boule also known as council of 500 citizens was chosen by lot and had a limited term of office. This was the executive branch of the Assembly. In times or crisis or war, the Boule could take decisions without the Assembly. The court of law could challenge the decision of the
Since Spartans political power was in the hand of 5 Ephors and 60 Gerousia, their form of government was oligarchy. Democracy: It is important to note that unlike current representative democracy system, ancient Greece democracy was a direct form. In fact, the word democracy was derived from the Greek word, demokratia which simply means the power of the people. Even though this power was belong to certain group of people, for example adult free male with both Athenians parents in Athens, the constitution of demokratia respected the voices of all qualified people regardless of their social
Ancient Greece is depicted mainly for its beauty and it’s excelled display of war. However, the reason behind their debut which later led to war was present prior to the actual movement towards war. Since, both Athens and Sparta were prime examples of city-states compared to other current civilizations, they believed their different lifestyles were above all ways of living. On the other hand, Athens and Sparta gained allies with other civilizations in relation with trade, or exploration. Despite this, Athens and Sparta never considered becoming allies, since both civilizations greatly believed in their own opposing lifestyles.
Ancient Greece was a time when mythology thrived the most. Influenced by the folklore of his own birthplace, Sophocles was one of the many contributors to the writings of Greek mythology. Not only was he influenced by his home, Sophocles’ works were also greatly impacted by his time in public office. His loyalty to his birthplace was the reason he never left and even held public office. A well educated dramatist and loyalist from Colonus in Athens, Greece, Sophocles was known for his innovative, theatrical plays before his death.
The educational program was unbalanced, for the Romans were interested primarily in education that had practical uses. Their contributions to civilization were notably in the practical areas of law and engineering. The great wealth that came into the Roman Empire from the conquered nations and the many slaves who did much of the work previously done by the poorer Romans led to a breakdown of the societal morals of the roman
The two developments had a high societies that were landowners and each of these upperclassmen had their laborers and slaves. Religious ministers were additionally part of the high society, as they had an incredible say in the political happenings of both the civic establishments. Despite the fact that both the civic establishments supported logical investigations in space science and arithmetic, and had extraordinarily created political and monetary frameworks, they both demonstrated more conservatism. Change was not energized and was just achieved on account of outside powers, for example, catastrophic events or attacks. The two human advancements, were along these lines, ready to keep going quite a while keeping consistent with their underlying foundations and their esteems.
The legendary founding of Cusco is placed about a.d. 1100 by the first Inca, Manco Capac. In the 12th century, however, the Incas were only one of many cultures that occupied the Andes area. Around a.d 1200 the Incas began extending their empire by enlarging their hold beyond the immediate valley of Cusco, and by 1350, during the reign of Inca Roca, they had conquered all areas close to Lake Titicaca ________________________________________ The Jōmon were mostly hunter-gatherers, with a preference for coastal regions, though agriculture started to develop from around 4000 BC and this brought about greater stability in settlement and the emergence of larger tribal communities. The present-day indigenous Ainu people of northern Japan are of almost exclusevely of Jōmon descent. From around 400 BC Japan was effectively invaded by waves of immigrants later known as Yayoi (their name derives from the sites where their distinctive reddish wheel-thrown pottery were first found).