The Green Revolution was the introduction of new crops and new agricultural technologies. It is called a revolution because of the extensive effect it had worldwide. It was caused by the need for improvement of overall living conditions. It brought about both positive and negative changes to society. It brought an increase in food supply, changes in lifestyle, and changes of the treatment of the planet.
The graph in document 1, a food/population report by the UN, shows a direct relationship between a growing population and the amount of food supply. This rapid increase is made possible by Norman Borlaug's genetically modified crops that made more food on less land and were able to fight off plant diseases. Document 2, a speech given by a president Truman to the struggling citizens, says that many people in a food crisis are in misery and would do anything to escape it. This is fuel for the Green Revolution and its colossal effects on human’s food supply. Document 7 contradicts this thesis because it states that the people who experienced its effects thought it was a contamination to their culture and natural way of life.
What Is the Green Revolution? Throughout history there have been many revolutions that have occurred and changed human lives, such as the American Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. In the mid- and late-20th century a revolution occurred that dramatically changed the field of agriculture, and this revolution was known as the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution was a period when the productivity of global agriculture increased drastically as a result of new advances. During this time period, new chemical fertilizers and synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created.
Science and technology are the fastest growing industries in the world and will always be. Reason for this is that human beings are constantly seeking ways of making life easier and function efficiently while producing quality work and leading a high standard of living. Much improvement has been seen in the agricultural sector with more genetically modified foods been produced to meet the overwhelming demand for food coming from the rapid growth of the world’s population. This investigation, was not only intended to answer whether genetic engineering could be regarded as biotechnology; but most importantly it was to note that not every scientific improvement aimed at helping human beings is necessarily beneficial, at least not completely.
Roundup immediately experienced negative feedback from the agricultural specialists. Critics suggested that Roundup would damage the environment due to its chemical compound. Also, critics impose that the mixture of chemicals and glyphosate in Roundup is more damaging to the environment than glyphosate alone (Fan, Geng, Ran, Wang, & Han, 2013). Not only was Roundup noted to harm other plants, but Roundup was believed to hurt animals. Furthermore, critics presumed that Roundup’s chemicals would cause animals to get sick and ultimately die.
Fertilizers remove the nutrients of the soil damaging the soil and the local environment and after being mixed with the soil, gradually reduce the fertility of the soil. In the study of (Southland) using fertilizers consists of substances and chemicals like methane, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and nitrogen, the emission of which has contributed to a great extent in the quantity of greenhouse gases present in the environment. These facts are alarming and a serious step needs to be taken as soon as possible to avoid more severe consequences. This in turn is leading to global warming and weather changes. The use of fertilizers for growth and cultivation is keeping our stomach filled for now, but then if things keep on progressing the way they are, it won’t take long to see the times where there is lack of food, water, and health.
Advances like these also changed the world because it helps inspire other scientists and food scientists to make more scientific advancements. When attending University of Minnesota, Norman studied agriculture and became an agronomist and a plant pathologist. Not only was he an agronomist and a plant pathologist, but he was also a humanitarian. (Biographical) With
Due to the relationship between crop yield and its revenue, honey bees are also an extremely important element in the world’s economy, as well as its food supply. Dr. John P. Holdren, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, writes, “Honey bee pollination alone adds more than $15 billion in value to agricultural crops each year, and helps ensure that our diets include ample fruits, nuts, and vegetables.” This means that honey bees are an indispensable resource. Without the honey bee there would be a dramatic decrease in the circulation of money, which could have a detrimental effect on the economy. This means that honey bees play a significant part in people’s daily lives, and they will be directly affected by the loss of the honey bee population. Due to this, it is necessary that some form of action be taken to protect the honey bee population, and ensure that the safety of the honey bee population does not meet any further
Pulitzer Prize winner Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, written by Jared Diamond discusses in extended detail the advancement of mankind throughout its history. Anthropologist Diamond also brings to light an explanation as to why some societies advance more than others and are able to grow in population. He seeks to provide answers as to why some societies were able to conquer and defeat other societies and what allows for the development of modern societies. As such, Jared Diamond partially credits mans’ development into larger societies to domestication of plants and animals in section “Part Two: The Rise and Spread of Food Production.” Contrary to popular belief, agriculture did not evolve equally over Earth. Certain
With the population growing at a fast rate land for farming is quickly disappearing and the need for more food is quickly rising. This is when the new technologies are coming into play and helping conventional farmers meet the demand. One technology that is making a huge difference in farming today is Genetically Modified Organisms(GMO’s) which is a technology that has been around for years but is always changing to adapt to the ever changing environment. As the food demand is increasing the yields have to increase as well because low yields will not produce the amount the world needs. This high yielding process is helping the world because as Joel Bourne states "High-yield agriculture is already saving 10 million square miles per year of global wildlands" that solves a problem of deforestry.
Norman Borlaug was an agricultural scientist who helped increase agricultural production worldwide because many countries were in famine during the 1960s to the 1980s. He also was one of the main contributors to the Green Revolution. Borlaug and other scientists were trying to find a fix for the agricultural struggle during this time. The Green Revolution was an agricultural movement where increased crop production increased saving the lives of the people in third world countries. The Green Revolution impacted and saved billions of lives through the development plant breeds, exchange of agrarian techniques, and increase of agricultural technologies.
With a population expected to be reaching the 9 million mark in 2050, the current food production needs to double to be able to feed all. The US is trying to give farmers all the resources and tech they need. The United States is going to be developing sustainable agriculture strategies, so farmers can feed their communities without draining their natural resources. In addition, the US wants to help people around the world. There is a goal to lift 50 million people located in Sub-Saharan Africa out of poverty by
American journalist Cynthia Barnett’s article “Water Works,” explores the environmental problems America faces from drought, pollution, overconsumption, grey infrastructure and how green infrastructure could solve our problems. Cynthia sheds light on how polluted water affects our environment when she states, “When rain flows along streets, parking lots, and rooftops rather than percolating into the ground, it soaks up toxic metals, oil and grease, pesticides and herbicides, feces, and every other scourge that can make its way to a gutter.” Runoff mixed with pollutants is a deadly combination to freshwater fish and mammals causing them to be in pain or come close to extinction. With specific inhabitants of seattle 's local environment becoming
The effect of agricultural runoff in the Chesapeake Bay watershed It is almost impossible to turn on the news without hearing about the turmoil of pollution, and how it is negatively affecting life worldwide. But have you stopped to think about how pollution is directly affecting your daily lives? Water is the heartbeat of all life, and without it nothing could thrive. Odds are, if you live within the northern mid-atlantic you get some or all of your water from the Chesapeake Bay, or one of its watersheds. Years of agricultural runoff from large industrial farms has lead to contamination of the Bay, endangering not only the lives of the wildlife, but also our own.
Subsidence displays the interconnectedness of various problems in California. The intense drought has forced water restrictions onto farmers who are accustomed to excess water and therefore exploit underground aquifers because California is the only state to not regulate groundwater pumping. This causes subsidence, which lowers the land and wrecks havoc on our infrastructure and the environment. Aquifers suffer permanent capacity reductions, which jeopardizes California 's water supply in the future and will cause more groundwater to be pumped, perpetuating the problem. Subsidence shows the importance for California to properly manage its water supply or else risk great economical and environmental