This reveals about Gregor’s family’s financial issues. He feels trapped doing a job he does not like to help pay for his parent’s debt. The debt is a large sum since it is gonna take him 5-6 years to pay it off. Therefore, after his transformation his first thought was how was he going to get to work so, he can continue paying off the
Gregor’s initial reaction to his transformation shows his preoccupation with work. His confusion over his radical transformation does not last long, quickly becoming concerned with work and disregarding that he woke up physically transformed into a monstrous vermin. Immediately after realizing he had transformed, Gregor explains, “Well, I haven’t given up hope completely; once I’ve gotten the money together to pay off my parents’ debt to [the boss] that will probably take another five to six years… But for the time being I’d better get up, since my train leaves at five” (4). The quick transition of Gregor’s thoughts from the initial shock to his economic duties reveals his ironic nonchalant attitude towards his nonsensical transformation and
The Metamorphosis is a novella written by Franz Kafka about a man, Gregor, who wakes up one day and has turned into a gigantic insect. The story follows Gregor’s experience following the transformation, as well as how every member of his family is affected. Since Gregor is unable to work anymore as a result of the transformation, his family was forced to adapt to a new way of life. The relationships between the characters in The Metamorphosis show how Kafka believes that a person's isolation and alienation in society is initiated by individuals at the highest levels of social hierarchy and gradually extended downward until everyone in the society has been persuaded to accept the original decision of one individual. Due to his parents’ debt, Gregor is obliged to work for a corporation that Kafka employs to illustrate the top of the social hierarchy, with the manager serving as the most significant figure.
He believes that he is now a burden to his family. He is forced to stay in his room while the rest of his family continue their lives. Towards the end of his life, even moving "left him sad and tired to death and he would remain immobile for hours afterwards" (Kafka, 57). Gregor became depressed. He loses interest in what he did before his transormation and at the beginning of his segregation.
Ultimately, they were disgusted by his appearance and they felt betrayed by his sad condition. Gregor is already having a hard time coping with this horrific transformation. He eventually starts to realize that his adaption is impossible. He finds himself losing attachment to humanity, and he starts to lose hope. His family begins to clear out his bedroom furniture.
Through this, we know that Gregor holds no ill will towards any of the members of his family during his time as a bug, even when we see them brutalize and neglect him. “His thoughts went back to his family with tenderness and love” (Kafka 125). The love for his family is the only part of his old human life that he can reasonably keep intact, though his family would rather he didn’t. Every single one of them wants him gone, especially his dear little sister Grete. When she finally locks him in his room she cries, “At last!”
In the short story “The Metamorphosis” by Franz Kafka, the primary character Gregor, who has found himself in a variety of strange circumstances, seems generally unconcerned by the fact that he has transformed-or perhaps hasn’t-into a vermin. Perhaps he cannot fathom his situation, maybe he doesn’t care, or maybe he was always this way. He acts much more concerned with getting out of bed from his supine position. His father’s admonishments and fulminations only cause him to become anxious, as he plaintively writhes on the floor. His biggest harbinger of misfortune comes as the brusque knocks of his boss, trying to inquire concerning his whereabouts.
Strained Relationships between Father and Son Have you ever questioned your own identity to the point where you ask yourself a multitude of questions? “The Metamorphosis” by Franz Kafka raises countless questions in the wake of transformation and the perception of belonging and non-belonging. Nonetheless, the tale of the unfortunate Gregor Samsa makes us think more deeply about his identity, and how it parallels to the author Franz Kafka. The novella “The Metamorphosis” written by Franz Kafka is about a young man named Gregor Samsa who turned into an insect and the troubling life he lead due to this transformation. Gregor Samsa, who is the main character, is modified physically, emotionally and mentally and he changes his outlook toward himself.
Gregor, as the breadwinner and dominant male figure of his household, is committed to his job of traveling salesman. In fact, he awakes as a vermin and is immediately concerned about work. He even ventures to say, “The business worries are far worse than they are on the actual premise at home” (Kafka 77), when he has just turned into a beetle, illustrating just how important his position in the family’s social hierarchy is. He is the breadwinner, while the rest of his family is practically leeching off of his work. But, due
Here Gregor is contemplating the impracticality of missing work, while completely ignoring the fact that he turned into a vermin. Gregor’s ignorance to his own personal problems highlights his dedication to pay off his family 's debts (pg 9), at the expense of his wellness. The overcast weather and the mention of his depressed mood creates a pessimistic mood which would feed into Gregor’s already gloomy outlook on life. His want to sleep and forget his problems shows a pressure that Gregor must always be under. His hardworking attitude doesn’t match up to his willingness to ignore his problems.
How he was so lifeless and cadaverous, and how limited his abilities were. His new occupation as a bank messenger, with new uniform, fills him with a strong sense of authority. This aids him in affirming himself as the head of the household. He now provides income, which was Gregor purpose in the family, which removes him from the family unit. Retaining his authority, he does “refuse to take off his uniform”(127).
Published in 1915, Kafka’s The Metamorphosis is a tale of a salesman named Gregor Samsa who one day wakes up to discover that he has quite literally transformed into an insect. Unable to support his family as an insect, he is only able to stay in his room and eat the rotting scraps of food that his sister brings him. Over time, Gregor’s transformation into a large bug begins to affect the lifestyle of his family, and they slowly become resentful of him. His family secretly wishes Gregor would leave, and knowing this, Gregor willfully dies in his room.
On the surface, the Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is about a man who becomes disabled from working after waking up one day to find himself turned into a monster of some sorts. Through the dynamic between Samsa and his family and their shared familial roles, as well as the relationship between Samsa and his work, Kafka seems to be making commentary on the futility of life, and how meaningless desperate actions are in the unforgiving cold world. This emptiness can be seen first when Samsa first wakes up and finds himself a vermin, and reflects on his job. It seems that his main purpose for living is to work and eventually pay off the debt his parents have accumulated. He has other goals in life as well, from sending his sister to a conservatory,
Neither Kafka nor Gregor followed the existentialist idea of freedom of choice in a person’s life. They both had a life they didn’t ask for and responsibilities they were forced to assume. This principle of lack of freedom is clearly shown by the unexpected transformation of Gregor, waking up as an insect and obtaining the freedom he lacked, emancipating himself of obligations, injustice and final duties. He is freed from the obligation to work to maintain his family and liberated himself from his tyrannical father. Although he turned into a horrible insect, the metamorphosis did not change the beauty of his soul.