Mohammed Ismail AP Language Composition Lyons, William December 9, 2014 Rhetorical Devices Used in Jonathan Swifts Modest Proposal The essay Modest Proposal, written by Jonathan Swift perhaps known better for his novel Gulliver’s travels wrote this piece, because during his time he addressed solutions to many contemporary social issues by writing them on pamphlets. Swift’s main purpose in writing this essay is to avert children from being less of a problem to their parents and the public. The author tries not addressing his subject directly, children, instead Swift introduces the concept of a market, livestock, breeders, etc., to address the overcrowding and poverty stricken children in Dublin, Ireland. Swift shapes the text in a satiric way to portray to his audience his point of view on the topic at hand, and with the use of sarcasm Jonathan Swift mocks upper-class people who are affected by the overcrowding and poverty in Dublin. The usage of a satiric tone and sarcasm help Swift develop solutions to contemporary social problems that will work.
The idea of the “circle of life” gives the speaker a reason to justify the way he uses his money and lives his life, because he realizes “it would be a sin not to enjoy” all that he has been blessed with. The speaker in “From this Height” is a person of wealth and power. While having “conversation by the hot tub,” he reflects on his life and how he got to where he is now. The speaker is in a dilemma with himself, because he feels as if he does not deserve all that he has been given in life. Even though he has a feeling of guilt and remorse, the speaker decides “it would be a sin not to enjoy” all of the things he has.
All great speeches have a purpose, either to rally the population, promote some idea or to encourage others. Winston Churchill’s Speech entitled “Their Finest Hour” has gone down in history as one of the greatest and most powerful speech of the Second World War. It was given in response to the fall of the France in the war, and helped establish the tone for the people of the United Kingdom, that despite the great loss, they still had hope to overcome the enemy forces. Churchill’s speech inspired patriotism, determination and hope. This speech was directed at all the people in the United Kingdom, to unite and to promise a better hope, despite of Hitler’s attempts at world domination and the victory of the Nazis in almost every battle in Europe.
They can see when he says "the chains of poverty". This is significant because it shows, and put a picture into the audience's mind how bad poverty is in other country. In addition this would make people have an urge to fight for and achieve inequality. He also uses a metaphor when he said “Let the word go forward from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans... ". While there was not actually a torch being passed it shows that a new generation of youth are going to be in charged and take over.
The palace indicates wealth and royalty, which demonstrates that the speaker’s constant struggle is worth the success that he receives now. The speaker struggling swamp is like a person struggling in life, working towards an opportunity to become
Although they did not have food to fill them, the stories maintained morale, and brought them close together to increase body heat, ultimately saving them many times. In Indigenous culture stories are their main method of communication not only between each other, but between generations. Stories were often major components of rituals and tradition and would be orally relayed to share history, customs and important lessons. Evidently, stories and words are something highly respected in Indigenous culture. Boyden reflects this connection in Niska’s frequent use of storytelling and appreciation of communication.
Oral tradition in Native American culture illustrates the physical history of each tribe, connects origins of the natural world to a contemporary setting, and reinforces generations of societal values. In particular, the Nez Perce tale, “Red Willow,” encapsulates and preserves many elements of tradition within its narrative. Spirituality, death rituals, social roles, and analysis of their people’s surrounding environment are all essential themes compacted into the brief narrative. The story’s pacing is rapid and simple in order to entrance and educate a young audience while reinforcing the tribe’s traditions and introducing creation tales. Origin stories structured similarly to “Red Willow” have been used throughout Native American cultures
In the Native American culture, oral tradition has proven to be an imperative aspect that contributes to the continuation and spread of their beliefs among future generations. In both Tracks by Louise Erdrich and The Way to Rainy Mountain by N. Scott Momaday, there is a representation of how oral tradition contributes to being Native American. Each novel has its own unique portrayal of this; however, both novels are illustrations of the different ways that oral tradition strengthens one’s feeling of belonging to the Native American culture. In the essay, “The Man made of Words” by N. Scott Momaday, he says that “there is no way in which we can exist apart from the morality of a verbal dimension”. Essentially, he says that a story’s, tradition’s, and culture’s existence is dependent on the verbal telling of it and this is prevalent in the two novels being discussed.
There are many people in the world that do not know “that there’s a God, and there’s a Savior too.” Meanwhile the speaker is grateful of her Savior, even though she was violently stolen and shipped across the ocean from her native homeland of Africa. In the beginning of the poem the speaker makes no mention of being enslaved in America while she was free in Africa. Being utilized is a white/ dark contrast to demonstrate the narrator’s movement from a life of ignorance and misunderstanding in a “Pagan land” to a life of deliverance and revelation in her new found home. Shockingly, the imagery presented is quiet positive despite the negative aspects of the situation she is faced with. The speaker then explains why she believes that coming to America was good fortune.
New historicism is a method of literary criticism that emphasizes the historicity of a text by relating it to the configurations of power, society, or ideology in a given time (Merriam-webster.com, n.d.). Both Wordsworth and Yeats incorporate this stylistic device in some of their poems to reflect the environment around them; the stirring of the Industrial Revolution in the midst of the serenity of nature, as well as the Irish Civil War that was boiling up. Yeats applied the use of New Historicism in the following poems: An Irishman Foresees his Death, September 1913, Adam’s Curse, The Second Coming and Pardon all Fathers. In the first poem, Yeats describes Ireland during its Civil War, through the eyes of a war pilot. He represents the patriotic