Inequalities in the workplace are a large issue across the world. According to the US Census Bureau, women earn 80 percent of what men are paid. Harvard Business School, along with Catalyst, recently put out a research report regarding the level of Corporate Social Responsibility of "Fortune 500" companies with respect to the number of women on the companies’ Boards of Directors and working as Corporate Officers. The 2007 results showed companies with three or more women on the Board of Directors averaged 28 times more money in charitable donations than those with no women. Public information collected by the International Trade Union Confederation, shows the global gender pay gap ranges from 3 percent all the way up to 51 percent.
The Court concluded that the layoffs were based on race and, therefore, violated the Equal Protection Clause. To prevail in this case, the employer had to justify racial classification with a compelling state interest and demonstrate that its chosen means were narrowly tailored to its purpose. There was no history of past overt discrimination in this case. Therefore, the Supreme court rejected the lower court's argument that racial preferences were justified because the percentage of minority students exceeded the percentage of minority teachers. The Court also rejected the school's discrimination plan.
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Rush Limbaugh discusses multiculturalism and its possible failings to America culture. Limbaugh believes teaching minorities about their roots hinder their “future as Americans.” He continues to say “If you want to prosper in America, if you want access to opportunity in America, you must be able to assimilate: to become part of the American culture.” This statement, personally, implies other cultures cannot have the same work ethic and values as “regular” Americans, which is a presumptuous statement to make. To a certain point, yes, incoming immigrants and generational immigrants do have to adapt to the American culture, but their roots do not discount their ability to succeed in American society. Limbaugh continues to state that multiculturalism
Affirmative action can be generally understood as a tool used to redress any kind of discrimination towards the traditionally underrepresented groups of people such as women and African American (The Leadership Conference n.d.). However, it is very difficult to make very clear definition of the term affirmative action, because it is not a single policy, it is rather the combination of the government legislation and court rulings that changes frequently with decisions of governments and courts. In addition to this, affirmative action may be used in different areas such as education, employment and so on (Harry J. Holzer 2000). This essay will mainly focus on the affirmative action at the workplace and education. In these cases affirmative
RESEARCH PAPER Affirmative action is a set of governmental policies which tend to give privileges to minorities who suffered from discrimination in the past by providing them with access to educational and employment opportunities. First nuanced by Franklin Roosevelt with war-related work, Affirmative action only became an executive order (10925) in 1961 under John F. Kennedy to ensure that employees are treated during employment without regard to their race, creed, color or national origin, to which was later on added sex by Lyndon Johnson in 1965 (11246). From that day till now affirmative action has been a controversial issue in America, with some who find it fair and some other who consider it as a reverse discrimination.
Name: Haslinda Bte Ismail (G1318084) Course: EDF 6606 Philosophy in Education for Thinking Date: 11 December 2014 Modern societies tend to consider discrimination on the basis of race, religion, and gender to be morally wrong. What reasons can you give for regarding such discrimination as wrong? Should members of the group that have been discriminated against be given preference in jobs and other opportunities to compensate for past discrimination? People should not be discriminated against based on religion, race or gender because of the concept of human liberty and freedom. Everyone is born free.
Affirmative action focuses on groups that have been discriminated against in the workplace, or schools. It focuses on these people because they were disadvantaged before, it would like to level the “playing field”. The goal of Affirmative active is to achieve equal employment opportunities (Tladi, 2001b: 27). 3.3 Defining Affirmative action Affirmative action means favourable steps taken to increase the appearance of women and minorities in areas of employments, education and culture from which they have been historically excluded. Those steps involve privileged selection, of race, gender or ethnicity, affirmative action generates intense disagreement (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2001: para.
Positive eugenics aimed to encourage selective breeding of the elite, often through financial incentive and imploring desirables with their ethical duty to reproduce. Galton both preferred and encouraged this form of eugenics, taking into consideration three things: physique, ability, and character. Each was very important to an elite person, and inferiority in one aspect outweighed superiority in the other two. He did note that negative eugenics were also vital, however, setting out to “curtail the fertility of the undesirables.” These people generally consisted of the lower class, as well as mentally disabled people, criminals, and alcoholics. Galton believed affirmative action should be taken against these “drags on humanity,” which resulted in two separate manifestations of negative eugenics.
Woman all over the world are working hard to reach the top, but they are stopped by gender inequality. In 2010 on average, according to harvard “women only made 77 cents to every dollar a man earned” Women are thought of as household wives, cooking, taking care of children, shopping. While the man make sure there is a fixed income every month. This means women have to spend more time “working” outside of their profession, this is disadvantageous. So what is happening on terms of gender inequality in jobs in different counties.